Logo of plntphysLink to Publisher's site
Plant Physiol. Jan 1995; 107(1): 63–71.
PMCID: PMC161168

Significant Changes in Cell and Chloroplast Development in Young Wheat Leaves (Triticum aestivum cv Hereward) Grown in Elevated CO2.


Cell and chloroplast development were characterized in young Triticum aestivum cv Hereward leaves grown at ambient (350 [mu]L L-1) or at elevated (650 [mu]L L-1) CO2. In elevated CO2, cell and chloroplast expansion was accelerated by 10 and 25%, respectively, in the first leaf of 7-d-old wheat plants without disruption to the leaf developmental pattern. Elevated CO2 did not affect the number of chloroplasts in relation to mesophyll cell size or the linear relationship between chloroplast number or size and mesophyll cell size. No major changes in leaf anatomy or in chloroplast ultrastructure were detected as a result of growth in elevated CO2, but there was a marked reduction in starch accumulation. In leaf sections fluorescently tagged antisera were used to visualize and quantitate the amount of cytochrome f, the [alpha]- and [beta]-subunits of the coupling factor 1 in ATP synthase, D1 protein of the photosystem II reaction center, the 33-kD protein of the extrinsic oxygen-evolving complex, subunit II of photosystem I, and ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase. A significant finding was that in 10 to 20% of the mesophyll cells grown in elevated CO2 the 33-kD protein of the extrinsic oxygen-evolving complex of photosystem II and cytochrome f were deficient by 75%, but the other proteins accumulated normally.

Full Text

The Full Text of this article is available as a PDF (2.4M).

Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Baysdorfer C, Bassham JA. Photosynthate supply and utilization in alfalfa : a developmental shift from a source to a sink limitation of photosynthesis. Plant Physiol. 1985 Feb;77(2):313–317. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Boffey SA, Selldén G, Leech RM. Influence of Cell Age on Chlorophyll Formation in Light-grown and Etiolated Wheat Seedlings. Plant Physiol. 1980 Apr;65(4):680–684. [PMC free article] [PubMed]

Articles from Plant Physiology are provided here courtesy of American Society of Plant Biologists


Related citations in PubMed

See reviews...See all...

Cited by other articles in PMC

See all...


Recent Activity

Your browsing activity is empty.

Activity recording is turned off.

Turn recording back on

See more...