• We are sorry, but NCBI web applications do not support your browser and may not function properly. More information
Logo of plntcellLink to Publisher's site
Plant Cell. Jul 1995; 7(7): 1001–1013.
PMCID: PMC160901

Lignin Biosynthesis.

Full Text

The Full Text of this article is available as a PDF (1.2M).

Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Atalla RH, Hackney JM, Uhlin I, Thompson NS. Hemicelluloses as structure regulators in the aggregation of native cellulose. Int J Biol Macromol. 1993 Apr;15(2):109–112. [PubMed]
  • Bate NJ, Orr J, Ni W, Meromi A, Nadler-Hassar T, Doerner PW, Dixon RA, Lamb CJ, Elkind Y. Quantitative relationship between phenylalanine ammonia-lyase levels and phenylpropanoid accumulation in transgenic tobacco identifies a rate-determining step in natural product synthesis. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1994 Aug 2;91(16):7608–7612. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Campbell MM, Ellis BE. Fungal Elicitor-Mediated Responses in Pine Cell Cultures : III. Purification and Characterization of Phenylalanine Ammonia-Lyase. Plant Physiol. 1992 Jan;98(1):62–70. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Chapple CC, Vogt T, Ellis BE, Somerville CR. An Arabidopsis mutant defective in the general phenylpropanoid pathway. Plant Cell. 1992 Nov;4(11):1413–1424. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Wang WK, Ho LT, Chiang Y, Chen TC. A space-resolved fluorometer and its application to immunoassay. J Immunol Methods. 1988 Sep 13;112(2):173–176. [PubMed]
  • Dharmawardhana DP, Ellis BE, Carlson JE. A beta-glucosidase from lodgepole pine xylem specific for the lignin precursor coniferin. Plant Physiol. 1995 Feb;107(2):331–339. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Dixon RA, Paiva NL. Stress-Induced Phenylpropanoid Metabolism. Plant Cell. 1995 Jul;7(7):1085–1097. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Dwivedi UN, Campbell WH, Yu J, Datla RS, Bugos RC, Chiang VL, Podila GK. Modification of lignin biosynthesis in transgenic Nicotiana through expression of an antisense O-methyltransferase gene from Populus. Plant Mol Biol. 1994 Oct;26(1):61–71. [PubMed]
  • Fahrendorf T, Dixon RA. Stress responses in alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.). XVIII: Molecular cloning and expression of the elicitor-inducible cinnamic acid 4-hydroxylase cytochrome P450. Arch Biochem Biophys. 1993 Sep;305(2):509–515. [PubMed]
  • Feuillet C, Lauvergeat V, Deswarte C, Pilate G, Boudet A, Grima-Pettenati J. Tissue- and cell-specific expression of a cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase promoter in transgenic poplar plants. Plant Mol Biol. 1995 Feb;27(4):651–667. [PubMed]
  • Fields S, Song O. A novel genetic system to detect protein-protein interactions. Nature. 1989 Jul 20;340(6230):245–246. [PubMed]
  • Freudenberg K. Lignin: Its Constitution and Formation from p-Hydroxycinnamyl Alcohols: Lignin is duplicated by dehydrogenation of these alcohols; intermediates explain formation and structure. Science. 1965 Apr 30;148(3670):595–600. [PubMed]
  • Goffner D, Campbell MM, Campargue C, Clastre M, Borderies G, Boudet A, Boudet AM. Purification and Characterization of Cinnamoyl-Coenzyme A:NADP Oxidoreductase in Eucalyptus gunnii. Plant Physiol. 1994 Oct;106(2):625–632. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Gross GG, Kreiten W. Reduction of coenzyme A thioesters of cinnamic acids with an enzyme preparation from lignifying tissue of Forsythia. FEBS Lett. 1975 Jun 15;54(2):259–262. [PubMed]
  • Hauffe KD, Paszkowski U, Schulze-Lefert P, Hahlbrock K, Dangl JL, Douglas CJ. A parsley 4CL-1 promoter fragment specifies complex expression patterns in transgenic tobacco. Plant Cell. 1991 May;3(5):435–443. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Hauffe KD, Lee SP, Subramaniam R, Douglas CJ. Combinatorial interactions between positive and negative cis-acting elements control spatial patterns of 4CL-1 expression in transgenic tobacco. Plant J. 1993 Aug;4(2):235–253. [PubMed]
  • HIGUCHI T, BROWN SA. Studies of lignin biosynthesis using isotopic carbon. XIII. The phenylpropanoid system in lignification. Can J Biochem Physiol. 1963 Mar;41:621–628. [PubMed]
  • Holton TA, Cornish EC. Genetics and Biochemistry of Anthocyanin Biosynthesis. Plant Cell. 1995 Jul;7(7):1071–1083. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Houtman CJ, Atalla RH. Cellulose-Lignin Interactions (A Computational Study). Plant Physiol. 1995 Mar;107(3):977–984. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Hrazdina G, Wagner GJ. Metabolic pathways as enzyme complexes: evidence for the synthesis of phenylpropanoids and flavonoids on membrane associated enzyme complexes. Arch Biochem Biophys. 1985 Feb 15;237(1):88–100. [PubMed]
  • Jorrin J, Dixon RA. Stress Responses in Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.): II. Purification, Characterization, and Induction of Phenylalanine Ammonia-Lyase Isoforms from Elicitor-Treated Cell Suspension Cultures. Plant Physiol. 1990 Feb;92(2):447–455. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Kacser H, Burns JA. The control of flux. Symp Soc Exp Biol. 1973;27:65–104. [PubMed]
  • Kamachi K, Yamaya T, Hayakawa T, Mae T, Ojima K. Vascular bundle-specific localization of cytosolic glutamine synthetase in rice leaves. Plant Physiol. 1992 Aug;99(4):1481–1486. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Knobloch KH, Hahlbrock K. 4-Coumarate:CoA ligase from cell suspension cultures of Petroselinum hortense Hoffm. Partial purification, substrate specificity, and further properties. Arch Biochem Biophys. 1977 Nov;184(1):237–248. [PubMed]
  • Kojima M, Takeuchi W. Detection and characterization of p-coumaric acid hydroxylase in mung bean, Vigna mungo, seedlings. J Biochem. 1989 Feb;105(2):265–270. [PubMed]
  • Lam HM, Coschigano K, Schultz C, Melo-Oliveira R, Tjaden G, Oliveira I, Ngai N, Hsieh MH, Coruzzi G. Use of Arabidopsis mutants and genes to study amide amino acid biosynthesis. Plant Cell. 1995 Jul;7(7):887–898. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Leinhos V, Udagama-Randeniya PV, Savidge RA. Purification of an acidic coniferin-hydrolysing beta-glucosidase from developing xylem of Pinus banksiana. Phytochemistry. 1994 Sep;37(2):311–315. [PubMed]
  • Lewis NG, Yamamoto E, Wooten JB, Just G, Ohashi H, Towers GH. Monitoring biosynthesis of wheat cell-wall phenylpropanoids in situ. Science. 1987 Sep 11;237(4820):1344–1346. [PubMed]
  • Leyva A, Liang X, Pintor-Toro JA, Dixon RA, Lamb CJ. cis-element combinations determine phenylalanine ammonia-lyase gene tissue-specific expression patterns. Plant Cell. 1992 Mar;4(3):263–271. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Lois R, Hahlbrock K. Differential wound activation of members of the phenylalanine ammonia-lyase and 4-coumarate:CoA ligase gene families in various organs of parsley plants. Z Naturforsch C. 1992 Jan-Feb;47(1-2):90–94. [PubMed]
  • Lozoya E, Hoffmann H, Douglas C, Schulz W, Scheel D, Hahlbrock K. Primary structures and catalytic properties of isoenzymes encoded by the two 4-coumarate: CoA ligase genes in parsley. Eur J Biochem. 1988 Oct 1;176(3):661–667. [PubMed]
  • Lüderitz T, Schatz G, Grisebach H. Enzymic synthesis of lignin precursors. Purification and properties of 4-coumarate:CoA ligase from cambial sap of spruce (Picea abies L.). Eur J Biochem. 1982 Apr;123(3):583–586. [PubMed]
  • Mizutani M, Ward E, DiMaio J, Ohta D, Ryals J, Sato R. Molecular cloning and sequencing of a cDNA encoding mung bean cytochrome P450 (P450C4H) possessing cinnamate 4-hydroxylase activity. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1993 Feb 15;190(3):875–880. [PubMed]
  • Ohl S, Hedrick SA, Chory J, Lamb CJ. Functional properties of a phenylalanine ammonia-lyase promoter from Arabidopsis. Plant Cell. 1990 Sep;2(9):837–848. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • O'malley DM, Porter S, Sederoff RR. Purification, Characterization, and Cloning of Cinnamyl Alcohol Dehydrogenase in Loblolly Pine (Pinus taeda L.). Plant Physiol. 1992 Apr;98(4):1364–1371. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Pierrel MA, Batard Y, Kazmaier M, Mignotte-Vieux C, Durst F, Werck-Reichhart D. Catalytic properties of the plant cytochrome P450 CYP73 expressed in yeast. Substrate specificity of a cinnamate hydroxylase. Eur J Biochem. 1994 Sep 15;224(3):835–844. [PubMed]
  • Reiter WD, Chapple CC, Somerville CR. Altered growth and cell walls in a fucose-deficient mutant of Arabidopsis. Science. 1993 Aug 20;261(5124):1032–1035. [PubMed]
  • Sarni F, Grand C, Boudet AM. Purification and properties of cinnamoyl-CoA reductase and cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase from poplar stems (Populus X euramericana). Eur J Biochem. 1984 Mar 1;139(2):259–265. [PubMed]
  • Schmitt D, Pakusch AE, Matern U. Molecular cloning, induction and taxonomic distribution of caffeoyl-CoA 3-O-methyltransferase, an enzyme involved in disease resistance. J Biol Chem. 1991 Sep 15;266(26):17416–17423. [PubMed]
  • Schulz W, Eiben HG, Hahlbrock K. Expression in Escherichia coli of catalytically active phenylalanine ammonia-lyase from parsley. FEBS Lett. 1989 Dec 4;258(2):335–338. [PubMed]
  • Shufflebottom D, Edwards K, Schuch W, Bevan M. Transcription of two members of a gene family encoding phenylalanine ammonia-lyase leads to remarkably different cell specificities and induction patterns. Plant J. 1993 Jun;3(6):835–845. [PubMed]
  • Srere PA. Complexes of sequential metabolic enzymes. Annu Rev Biochem. 1987;56:89–124. [PubMed]
  • Vaughan PF, Butt VS. The hydroxylation of p-coumaric acid by an enzyme from leaves of spinach beet (Beta vulgaris L.). Biochem J. 1969 Jun;113(1):109–115. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Vignols F, Rigau J, Torres MA, Capellades M, Puigdomènech P. The brown midrib3 (bm3) mutation in maize occurs in the gene encoding caffeic acid O-methyltransferase. Plant Cell. 1995 Apr;7(4):407–416. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Voo KS, Whetten RW, O'Malley DM, Sederoff RR. 4-coumarate:coenzyme a ligase from loblolly pine xylem. Isolation, characterization, and complementary DNA cloning. Plant Physiol. 1995 May;108(1):85–97. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Walter MH, Grima-Pettenati J, Grand C, Boudet AM, Lamb CJ. Cinnamyl-alcohol dehydrogenase, a molecular marker specific for lignin synthesis: cDNA cloning and mRNA induction by fungal elicitor. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1988 Aug;85(15):5546–5550. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Wanner LA, Li G, Ware D, Somssich IE, Davis KR. The phenylalanine ammonia-lyase gene family in Arabidopsis thaliana. Plant Mol Biol. 1995 Jan;27(2):327–338. [PubMed]
  • Wengenmayer H, Ebel J, Grisebach H. Enzymic synthesis of lignin precursors. Purification and properties of a cinnamoyl-CoA: NADPH reductase from cell suspension cultures of soybean (Glycinemax). Eur J Biochem. 1976 Jun 1;65(2):529–536. [PubMed]
  • Whetten RW, Sederoff RR. Phenylalanine ammonia-lyase from loblolly pine : purification of the enzyme and isolation of complementary DNA clones. Plant Physiol. 1992 Jan;98(1):380–386. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Wyrambik D, Grisebach H. Purification and properties of isoenzymes of cinnamyl-alcohol dehydrogenase from soybean-cell-suspension cultures. Eur J Biochem. 1975 Nov 1;59(1):9–15. [PubMed]
  • Ye ZH, Kneusel RE, Matern U, Varner JE. An alternative methylation pathway in lignin biosynthesis in Zinnia. Plant Cell. 1994 Oct;6(10):1427–1439. [PMC free article] [PubMed]

Articles from The Plant Cell are provided here courtesy of American Society of Plant Biologists

Formats:

Related citations in PubMed

See reviews...See all...

Cited by other articles in PMC

See all...

Links

  • Pathways + GO
    Pathways + GO
    Pathways, annotations and biological systems (BioSystems) that cite the current article.
  • PubMed
    PubMed
    PubMed citations for these articles

Recent Activity

Your browsing activity is empty.

Activity recording is turned off.

Turn recording back on

See more...