Logo of plntcellLink to Publisher's site
Plant Cell. Jul 1995; 7(7): 845–857.
PMCID: PMC160875

Regulation of Protein Degradation.

Full Text

The Full Text of this article is available as a PDF (1.2M).

Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Arrigo AP, Simon M, Darlix JL, Spahr PF. A 20S particle ubiquitous from yeast to human. J Mol Evol. 1987;25(2):141–150. [PubMed]
  • Bartling D, Rehling P, Weiler EW. Functional expression and molecular characterization of AtUBC2-1, a novel ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme (E2) from Arabidopsis thaliana. Plant Mol Biol. 1993 Oct;23(2):387–396. [PubMed]
  • Belozersky MA, Dunaevsky YE, Voskoboynikova NE. Isolation and properties of a metalloproteinase from buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum) seeds. Biochem J. 1990 Dec 15;272(3):677–682. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Boller T, Kende H. Hydrolytic enzymes in the central vacuole of plant cells. Plant Physiol. 1979 Jun;63(6):1123–1132. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Cervantes E, Rodríguez A, Nicolás G. Ethylene regulates the expression of a cysteine proteinase gene during germination of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Plant Mol Biol. 1994 May;25(2):207–215. [PubMed]
  • Chen P, Johnson P, Sommer T, Jentsch S, Hochstrasser M. Multiple ubiquitin-conjugating enzymes participate in the in vivo degradation of the yeast MAT alpha 2 repressor. Cell. 1993 Jul 30;74(2):357–369. [PubMed]
  • Christensen AH, Sharrock RA, Quail PH. Maize polyubiquitin genes: structure, thermal perturbation of expression and transcript splicing, and promoter activity following transfer to protoplasts by electroporation. Plant Mol Biol. 1992 Feb;18(4):675–689. [PubMed]
  • Ciechanover A, Schwartz AL. The ubiquitin-mediated proteolytic pathway: mechanisms of recognition of the proteolytic substrate and involvement in the degradation of native cellular proteins. FASEB J. 1994 Feb;8(2):182–191. [PubMed]
  • Crawford NM. Nitrate: nutrient and signal for plant growth. Plant Cell. 1995 Jul;7(7):859–868. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • de Barros EG, Larkins BA. Purification and characterization of zein-degrading proteases from endosperm of germinating maize seeds. Plant Physiol. 1990 Sep;94(1):297–303. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • DeMartino GN, Slaughter CA. Regulatory proteins of the proteasome. Enzyme Protein. 1993;47(4-6):314–324. [PubMed]
  • Driscoll J. The role of the proteasome in cellular protein degradation. Histol Histopathol. 1994 Jan;9(1):197–202. [PubMed]
  • Egner R, Thumm M, Straub M, Simeon A, Schüller HJ, Wolf DH. Tracing intracellular proteolytic pathways. Proteolysis of fatty acid synthase and other cytoplasmic proteins in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. J Biol Chem. 1993 Dec 25;268(36):27269–27276. [PubMed]
  • Fujinami K, Tanahashi N, Tanaka K, Ichihara A, Cejka Z, Baumeister W, Miyawaki M, Sato T, Nakagawa H. Purification and characterization of the 26 S proteasome from spinach leaves. J Biol Chem. 1994 Oct 14;269(41):25905–25910. [PubMed]
  • Ganoth D, Leshinsky E, Eytan E, Hershko A. A multicomponent system that degrades proteins conjugated to ubiquitin. Resolution of factors and evidence for ATP-dependent complex formation. J Biol Chem. 1988 Sep 5;263(25):12412–12419. [PubMed]
  • Garbarino JE, Rockhold DR, Belknap WR. Expression of stress-responsive ubiquitin genes in potato tubers. Plant Mol Biol. 1992 Oct;20(2):235–244. [PubMed]
  • Genschik P, Parmentier Y, Durr A, Marbach J, Criqui MC, Jamet E, Fleck J. Ubiquitin genes are differentially regulated in protoplast-derived cultures of Nicotiana sylvestris and in response to various stresses. Plant Mol Biol. 1992 Dec;20(5):897–910. [PubMed]
  • Girod PA, Carpenter TB, van Nocker S, Sullivan ML, Vierstra RD. Homologs of the essential ubiquitin conjugating enzymes UBC1, 4, and 5 in yeast are encoded by a multigene family in Arabidopsis thaliana. Plant J. 1993 Apr;3(4):545–552. [PubMed]
  • Glotzer M, Murray AW, Kirschner MW. Cyclin is degraded by the ubiquitin pathway. Nature. 1991 Jan 10;349(6305):132–138. [PubMed]
  • Goebl MG, Goetsch L, Byers B. The Ubc3 (Cdc34) ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme is ubiquitinated and phosphorylated in vivo. Mol Cell Biol. 1994 May;14(5):3022–3029. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Goldberg AL, Rock KL. Proteolysis, proteasomes and antigen presentation. Nature. 1992 Jun 4;357(6377):375–379. [PubMed]
  • Goodfellow VJ, Solomonson LP, Oaks A. Characterization of a maize root proteinase. Plant Physiol. 1993 Feb;101(2):415–419. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Gordon C, McGurk G, Dillon P, Rosen C, Hastie ND. Defective mitosis due to a mutation in the gene for a fission yeast 26S protease subunit. Nature. 1993 Nov 25;366(6453):355–357. [PubMed]
  • Guerrero FD, Jones JT, Mullet JE. Turgor-responsive gene transcription and RNA levels increase rapidly when pea shoots are wilted. Sequence and expression of three inducible genes. Plant Mol Biol. 1990 Jul;15(1):11–26. [PubMed]
  • Hammerton RW, Ho TH. Hormonal regulation of the development of protease and carboxypeptidase activities in barley aleurone layers. Plant Physiol. 1986 Mar;80(3):692–697. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Heinemeyer W, Tröndle N, Albrecht G, Wolf DH. PRE5 and PRE6, the last missing genes encoding 20S proteasome subunits from yeast? Indication for a set of 14 different subunits in the eukaryotic proteasome core. Biochemistry. 1994 Oct 11;33(40):12229–12237. [PubMed]
  • Hensel LL, Grbić V, Baumgarten DA, Bleecker AB. Developmental and age-related processes that influence the longevity and senescence of photosynthetic tissues in arabidopsis. Plant Cell. 1993 May;5(5):553–564. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Hershko A, Ganoth D, Sudakin V, Dahan A, Cohen LH, Luca FC, Ruderman JV, Eytan E. Components of a system that ligates cyclin to ubiquitin and their regulation by the protein kinase cdc2. J Biol Chem. 1994 Feb 18;269(7):4940–4946. [PubMed]
  • Hilt W, Heinemeyer W, Wolf DH. Studies on the yeast proteasome uncover its basic structural features and multiple in vivo functions. Enzyme Protein. 1993;47(4-6):189–201. [PubMed]
  • Hochstrasser M, Varshavsky A. In vivo degradation of a transcriptional regulator: the yeast alpha 2 repressor. Cell. 1990 May 18;61(4):697–708. [PubMed]
  • Holloway SL, Glotzer M, King RW, Murray AW. Anaphase is initiated by proteolysis rather than by the inactivation of maturation-promoting factor. Cell. 1993 Jul 2;73(7):1393–1402. [PubMed]
  • Jabben M, Shanklin J, Vierstra RD. Red light-induced accumulation of ubiquitin-phytochrome conjugates in both monocots and dicots. Plant Physiol. 1989 Jun;90(2):380–384. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Kaiser WM, Huber SC. Posttranslational Regulation of Nitrate Reductase in Higher Plants. Plant Physiol. 1994 Nov;106(3):817–821. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Kim WT, Yang SF. Turnover of 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic Acid synthase protein in wounded tomato fruit tissue. Plant Physiol. 1992 Nov;100(3):1126–1131. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Ko K, Doung C, Ko ZW. Nucleotide sequence of a Brassica napus Clp homolog. Plant Physiol. 1994 Mar;104(3):1087–1089. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Koehler S, Ho TH. Purification and characterization of gibberellic Acid-induced cysteine endoproteases in barley aleurone layers. Plant Physiol. 1988 May;87(1):95–103. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Koehler SM, Ho TH. Hormonal regulation, processing, and secretion of cysteine proteinases in barley aleurone layers. Plant Cell. 1990 Aug;2(8):769–783. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Koehler SM, Ho TH. A major gibberellic Acid-induced barley aleurone cysteine proteinase which digests hordein : purification and characterization. Plant Physiol. 1990 Sep;94(1):251–258. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Koizumi M, Yamaguchi-Shinozaki K, Tsuji H, Shinozaki K. Structure and expression of two genes that encode distinct drought-inducible cysteine proteinases in Arabidopsis thaliana. Gene. 1993 Jul 30;129(2):175–182. [PubMed]
  • Li XZ, Oaks A. Induction and Turnover of Nitrate Reductase in Zea mays (Influence of NO3-). Plant Physiol. 1993 Aug;102(4):1251–1257. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Li XZ, Oaks A. Induction and Turnover of Nitrate Reductase in Zea mays (Influence of Light). Plant Physiol. 1994 Nov;106(3):1145–1149. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Linthorst HJ, van der Does C, Brederode FT, Bol JF. Circadian expression and induction by wounding of tobacco genes for cysteine proteinase. Plant Mol Biol. 1993 Feb;21(4):685–694. [PubMed]
  • Löwe J, Stock D, Jap B, Zwickl P, Baumeister W, Huber R. Crystal structure of the 20S proteasome from the archaeon T. acidophilum at 3.4 A resolution. Science. 1995 Apr 28;268(5210):533–539. [PubMed]
  • Mackintosh C, Douglas P, Lillo C. Identification of a Protein That Inhibits the Phosphorylated Form of Nitrate Reductase from Spinach (Spinacia oleracea) Leaves. Plant Physiol. 1995 Feb;107(2):451–457. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Merchant S, Bogorad L. Rapid degradation of apoplastocyanin in Cu(II)-deficient cells of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. J Biol Chem. 1986 Dec 5;261(34):15850–15853. [PubMed]
  • Orlowski M. The multicatalytic proteinase complex, a major extralysosomal proteolytic system. Biochemistry. 1990 Nov 13;29(45):10289–10297. [PubMed]
  • Orlowski M, Cardozo C, Michaud C. Evidence for the presence of five distinct proteolytic components in the pituitary multicatalytic proteinase complex. Properties of two components cleaving bonds on the carboxyl side of branched chain and small neutral amino acids. Biochemistry. 1993 Feb 16;32(6):1563–1572. [PubMed]
  • Ozaki M, Fujinami K, Tanaka K, Amemiya Y, Sato T, Ogura N, Nakagawa H. Purification and initial characterization of the proteasome from the higher plant Spinacia oleracea. J Biol Chem. 1992 Oct 25;267(30):21678–21684. [PubMed]
  • Papastoitsis G, Wilson KA. Initiation of the degradation of the soybean kunitz and bowman-birk trypsin inhibitors by a cysteine protease. Plant Physiol. 1991 Aug;96(4):1086–1092. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Qi X, Wilson KA, Tan-Wilson AL. Characterization of the Major Protease Involved in the Soybean beta-Conglycinin Storage Protein Mobilization. Plant Physiol. 1992 Jun;99(2):725–733. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Qi X, Chen R, Wilson KA, Tan-Wilson AL. Characterization of a soybean beta-conglycinin-degrading protease cleavage site. Plant Physiol. 1994 Jan;104(1):127–133. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Quail PH. Phytochrome: a light-activated molecular switch that regulates plant gene expression. Annu Rev Genet. 1991;25:389–409. [PubMed]
  • Quail PH, Briggs WR. Irradiation-enhanced Phytochrome Pelletability: Requirement for Phosphorylative Energy in Vivo. Plant Physiol. 1978 Nov;62(5):773–778. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Rechsteiner M, Hoffman L, Dubiel W. The multicatalytic and 26 S proteases. J Biol Chem. 1993 Mar 25;268(9):6065–6068. [PubMed]
  • Reddy AS, Safadi F, Beyette JR, Mykles DL. Calcium-dependent proteinase activity in root cultures of Arabidopsis. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1994 Mar 30;199(3):1089–1095. [PubMed]
  • Rivett AJ. Proteasomes: multicatalytic proteinase complexes. Biochem J. 1993 Apr 1;291(Pt 1):1–10. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Satoh S, Yang SF. S-adenosylmethionine-dependent inactivation and radiolabeling of 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate synthase isolated from tomato fruits. Plant Physiol. 1988 Sep;88(1):109–114. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Schaffer MA, Fischer RL. Analysis of mRNAs that Accumulate in Response to Low Temperature Identifies a Thiol Protease Gene in Tomato. Plant Physiol. 1988 Jun;87(2):431–436. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Schmidt GW, Mishkind ML. Rapid degradation of unassembled ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase small subunits in chloroplasts. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1983 May;80(9):2632–2636. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Schwob E, Böhm T, Mendenhall MD, Nasmyth K. The B-type cyclin kinase inhibitor p40SIC1 controls the G1 to S transition in S. cerevisiae. Cell. 1994 Oct 21;79(2):233–244. [PubMed]
  • Seemüller E, Lupas A, Stock D, Löwe J, Huber R, Baumeister W. Proteasome from Thermoplasma acidophilum: a threonine protease. Science. 1995 Apr 28;268(5210):579–582. [PubMed]
  • Seufert W, Jentsch S. Ubiquitin-conjugating enzymes UBC4 and UBC5 mediate selective degradation of short-lived and abnormal proteins. EMBO J. 1990 Feb;9(2):543–550. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Seufert W, Futcher B, Jentsch S. Role of a ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme in degradation of S- and M-phase cyclins. Nature. 1995 Jan 5;373(6509):78–81. [PubMed]
  • Shanklin J, Jabben M, Vierstra RD. Red light-induced formation of ubiquitin-phytochrome conjugates: Identification of possible intermediates of phytochrome degradation. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1987 Jan;84(2):359–363. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Shewry PR, Napier JA, Tatham AS. Seed storage proteins: structures and biosynthesis. Plant Cell. 1995 Jul;7(7):945–956. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Shirley BW, Goodman HM. An Arabidopsis gene homologous to mammalian and insect genes encoding the largest proteasome subunit. Mol Gen Genet. 1993 Dec;241(5-6):586–594. [PubMed]
  • Spanu P, Felix G, Boller T. Inactivation of stress induced 1-aminocyclopropane carboxylate synthase in vivo differs from substrate-dependent inactivation in vitro. Plant Physiol. 1990 Aug;93(4):1482–1485. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Spanu P, Grosskopf DG, Felix G, Boller T. The Apparent Turnover of 1-Aminocyclopropane-1-Carboxylate Synthase in Tomato Cells Is Regulated by Protein Phosphorylation and Dephosphorylation. Plant Physiol. 1994 Oct;106(2):529–535. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Stadtman ER. Covalent modification reactions are marking steps in protein turnover. Biochemistry. 1990 Jul 10;29(27):6323–6331. [PubMed]
  • Sullivan ML, Carpenter TB, Vierstra RD. Homologues of wheat ubiquitin-conjugating enzymes--TaUBC1 and TaUBC4 are encoded by small multigene families in Arabidopsis thaliana. Plant Mol Biol. 1994 Feb;24(4):651–661. [PubMed]
  • Takeshige K, Baba M, Tsuboi S, Noda T, Ohsumi Y. Autophagy in yeast demonstrated with proteinase-deficient mutants and conditions for its induction. J Cell Biol. 1992 Oct;119(2):301–311. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Wenzel T, Eckerskorn C, Lottspeich F, Baumeister W. Existence of a molecular ruler in proteasomes suggested by analysis of degradation products. FEBS Lett. 1994 Aug 1;349(2):205–209. [PubMed]
  • Wilson KA, Tan-Wilson AL. Characterization of the Proteinase that Initiates the Degradation of the Trypsin Inhibitor in Germinating Mung Beans (Vigna radiata). Plant Physiol. 1987 May;84(1):93–98. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Wilson KA, Papastoitsis G, Hartl P, Tan-Wilson AL. Survey of the Proteolytic Activities Degrading the Kunitz Trypsin Inhibitor and Glycinin in Germinating Soybeans (Glycine max). Plant Physiol. 1988 Oct;88(2):355–360. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Yaglom J, Linskens MH, Sadis S, Rubin DM, Futcher B, Finley D. p34Cdc28-mediated control of Cln3 cyclin degradation. Mol Cell Biol. 1995 Feb;15(2):731–741. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Ye ZH, Varner JE. Gene expression patterns associated with in vitro tracheary element formation in isolated single mesophyll cells of Zinnia elegans. Plant Physiol. 1993 Nov;103(3):805–813. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Yip WK, Dong JG, Kenny JW, Thompson GA, Yang SF. Characterization and sequencing of the active site of 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate synthase. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1990 Oct;87(20):7930–7934. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Zwickl P, Grziwa A, Pühler G, Dahlmann B, Lottspeich F, Baumeister W. Primary structure of the Thermoplasma proteasome and its implications for the structure, function, and evolution of the multicatalytic proteinase. Biochemistry. 1992 Feb 4;31(4):964–972. [PubMed]

Articles from The Plant Cell are provided here courtesy of American Society of Plant Biologists

Formats:

Related citations in PubMed

See reviews...See all...

Cited by other articles in PMC

See all...

Links

  • PubMed
    PubMed
    PubMed citations for these articles

Recent Activity

Your browsing activity is empty.

Activity recording is turned off.

Turn recording back on

See more...