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Plant Cell. May 1995; 7(5): 589–598.
PMCID: PMC160806

The Activation of the Potato PR-10a Gene Requires the Phosphorylation of the Nuclear Factor PBF-1.

Abstract

The pathogenesis-related gene PR-10a (formerly STH[middot]2) is induced in various organs of potato after wounding, elicitor treatment, or infection by Phytophthora infestans. Deletion analysis of the promoter of the PR-10a gene enabled us to identify a 50-bp region, located between positions -155 and -105, necessary for the elicitor responsiveness of the [beta]-glucuronidase reporter gene in transgenic potato plants. Within this region, a 30-bp sequence, located between positions -135 and -105, was necessary for the activation of the promoter by the elicitor. However, strong promoter activity after elicitor treatment required the presence of a 20-bp sequence located between positions -155 and -135. The region between -135 and -105 was specifically recognized by two nuclear factors, PBF-1 (PR-10a Binding Factor 1) and PBF-2, and binding of PBF-1 was coordinated with the accumulation of the PR-10a mRNA. Gel shift assays using nuclear extracts pretreated with sodium deoxycholate or alkaline phosphatase suggested that PBF-1 is a multimeric factor in which at least one of the constituent proteins can be phosphorylated. Treatment with alkaline phosphatase also indicated that binding of PBF-1 is positively regulated by phosphorylation and that it is phosphorylated only in tissues in which PR-10a is expressed. The use of protein phosphatase and kinase inhibitors in vivo provided additional evidence that wounding and elicitor treatment induce the phosphorylation of PBF-1 and that this phosphorylation is associated with gene activation.

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Selected References

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