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Plant Cell. May 1995; 7(5): 499–506.
PMCID: PMC160799

Molecular Responses to Abscisic Acid and Stress Are Conserved between Moss and Cereals.

Abstract

Promoter elements from the wheat Em gene have been characterized. These elements are inducible by abscisic acid (ABA) and by osmotic stress. In this study, we demonstrated that the same promoter elements function in a distantly related plant species, the moss Physcomitrella patens. Transient and stable expression of the [beta]-glucuronidase reporter gene was used to determine that the heterologous wheat promoter also responds to osmotic stress and ABA in moss. Mutational analysis of the promoter indicated that the mechanism of gene regulation is conserved in both species. Gel retardation and DNase I footprint analyses were conducted to characterize further the interaction of moss transcription factors with the Em promoter. In addition, the synthesis of stress-related polypeptides in moss was observed. The evolutionary significance of these data and the potential for studying the entire ABA perception-response pathway in moss are discussed.

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Selected References

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