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Plant Physiol. Mar 1994; 104(3): 1033–1041.
PMCID: PMC160702

Recovery from Photoinhibition in Peas (Pisum sativum L.) Acclimated to Varying Growth Irradiances (Role of D1 Protein Turnover).

Abstract

D1 protein turnover and restoration of the photochemical efficiency of photosystem II (PSII) after photoinhibition of pea leaves (Pisum sativum L. cv Greenfeast) acclimated to different light intensities were investigated. All peas acclimated to different light intensities were able to recover from photoinhibition, at least partially, at light intensities far above their growth light irradiance. However, the capacity of pea leaves to recover from photoinhibition under increasing high irradiances was strictly dependent on the light acclimation of the leaves; i.e. the higher the irradiance during growth, the better the capacity of pea leaves to recover from photoinhibition at moderate and high light. In our experimental conditions, mainly D1 protein turnover-dependent recovery was monitored, since in the presence of an inhibitor of chloroplast-encoded protein synthesis, lincomycin, only negligible recovery took place. In darkness, neither the restoration of PSII photochemical efficiency nor any notable degradation of damaged D1 protein took place. In low light, however, good recovery of PSII occurred in all peas acclimated to different light intensities and was accompanied by fast degradation of the D1 protein. The rate of degradation of the D1 protein was estimated to be 3 to 4 times faster in photoinhibited leaves than in nonphotoinhibited leaves under the recovery conditions of 50 [mu]mol of photons m-2 s-1. In moderate light of 400 [mu]mol of photons m-2 s-1, the photoinhibited low-light peas were not able to increase further the rate of D1 protein degradation above that observed in nonphotoinhibited leaves, nor was the restoration of PSII function possible. On the other hand, photoinhibited high-light leaves were able to increase the rate of D1 protein degradation above that of nonphotoinhibited leaves even in moderate and high light, ensuring at least partial restoration of PSII function. We conclude that the capacity of photoinhibited leaves to restore PSII function at different irradiances was directly related to the capacity of the leaves to degrade damaged D1 protein under the recovery conditions.

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Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
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