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Plant Cell. Mar 1992; 4(3): 253–262.
PMCID: PMC160126

Antisense inhibition of flavonoid biosynthesis in petunia anthers results in male sterility.

Abstract

Inhibition of flower pigmentation in transgenic petunia plants was previously accomplished by expressing an antisense chalcone synthase (chs) gene under the control of the cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV) 35S promoter. This chimeric gene was not effective in inhibiting pigmentation in anthers, presumably because the viral CaMV 35S promoter was insufficiently expressed in cell types of this organ in which the pigments are produced. Insertion of the anther box, a homologous sequence found in other genes expressed in anthers, resulted in a modified expression pattern driven by this promoter, as monitored by the beta-glucuronidase (gus) gene. In addition to the basic CaMV 35S expression pattern in anthers, GUS activity was observed in tapetum cells when the modified promoter was fused to the gus gene. This promoter construct was subsequently used to drive an antisense chs gene in transgenic petunia, which led to the inhibition of pigment synthesis in anthers of five of 35 transformants. Transgenic plants with white anthers were male sterile due to an arrest in male gametophyte development. This finding indicated that flavonoids play an essential role in male gametophyte development.

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Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
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Articles from The Plant Cell are provided here courtesy of American Society of Plant Biologists

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