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Plant Physiol. Jul 1996; 111(3): 789–796.
PMCID: PMC157896

Oxidative Stress Induces Partial Degradation of the Large Subunit of Ribulose-1,5-Bisphosphate Carboxylase/Oxygenase in Isolated Chloroplasts of Barley.

Abstract

The effects of oxidative stress on the degradation of ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (Rubisco; EC 4.1.1.39) were studied in isolated chloroplasts from barley (Hordeum vulgare L. cv Angora). Active oxygen (AO) was generated by varying the light intensity, the oxygen concentration, or the addition of herbicides or ADP-FeCl3-ascorbate to the medium. Oxidative treatments stimulated association of Rubisco with the insoluble fraction of chloroplasts and partial proteolysis of the large subunit (LSU). The most prominent degradation product of the LSU of Rubisco showed an apparent molecular mass of 36 kD. The data suggest that an increase in the amount of AO photogenerated by O2 reduction at photosystem I triggers Rubisco degradation. A possible relationship between AO-mediated denaturation of Rubisco and proteolysis of the LSU is discussed.

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Selected References

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