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Clin Exp Immunol. Apr 1980; 40(1): 127–135.
PMCID: PMC1536953

Impaired local immune response in vitamin A-deficient rats.


The functional integrity of the local immune system in vitamin A-deficient (A-) rats was investigated. Secretory IgA levels in the intestinal fluid of A- rats were significantly lower than in controls. This and the decrease in intensity of immunofluorescent staining for secretory component (SC) in the intestinal cells was related to the duration of vitamin A deprivation. IgG levels in the intestinal fluid, and serum IgA and IgG levels were unaffected in deficiency. Moreover, when the response of animals to DNP50-BGG was evaluated, the local anti-DNP response in the intestine was markedly depressed. These defects may result from impaired synthesis of SC by epithelial cells. On the other hand, the serum antibody response in deficient animals was not noticeably different from that of the controls; if any, htere was a slight reduction in the affinity of antibody.

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Selected References

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