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Clin Exp Immunol. Mar 1991; 83(3): 488–491.
PMCID: PMC1535311

Acute-phase protein synthesis in human hepatoma cells: differential regulation of serum amyloid A (SAA) and haptoglobin by interleukin-1 and interleukin-6.

Abstract

Interleukin-6 (IL-6, BSF-2 or IFN-beta 2) is thought to be the major regulator of the acute-phase protein response that follows tissue injury and inflammation, with interleukin-1 (IL-1), tumour necrosis factor and more recently, LIF or HSF III, slightly stimulatory on only certain acute phase proteins. The synthesis of the major acute-phase protein SAA, originally described as being synthesized in response to IL-1, has been claimed recently to be mainly under IL-6 regulation. Our results show that in the human hepatoma cell line HuH-7, IL-1 is the major stimulating cytokine increasing SAA synthesis by a factor in excess of 100-fold. We also show that under most conditions interleukin-6 and tumour necrosis factor stimulate additively in combination with IL-1. Isoelectric focusing has demonstrated that SAA1 and SAA2 alpha are expressed but not SAA2 beta. The HuH-7 cell line is IL-6 responsive since haptoglobin is stimulated mainly by IL-6.

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Selected References

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