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Clin Exp Immunol. Jan 1994; 95(1): 166–172.
PMCID: PMC1534629

MHC class I, MHC class II and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) expression in inflammatory myopathies.


We investigated the relationship between the MHC-I, MHC-II and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) expression on myofibres and the presence of inflammatory cells in muscle specimens of 18 patients with inflammatory myopathies (nine polymyositis, seven dermatomyositis, two inclusion body myositis). We observed MHC-I expression in muscle fibres, infiltrating mononuclear cells and endothelial cells in every specimen. In seven patients, some muscle fibres were MHC-II-positive for the DR antigen, while the DP and DQ antigens were absent. ICAM-1 expression, detected in seven patients, was found in clusters of myofibres, associated with a marked MHC-I positivity and a widespread mononuclear infiltration. Most of the ICAM-1-positive fibres were regenerating fibres. Furthermore, some fibres expressed both ICAM-1 and DR antigens near infiltrating cells. This finding could support the hypothesis that myofibres may themselves be the site of autosensitization.

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