• We are sorry, but NCBI web applications do not support your browser and may not function properly. More information
Logo of amjphAmerican Journal of Public Health Web SiteAmerican Public Health Association Web SiteSubmissionsSubscriptionsAbout Us
Am J Public Health. 1998 December; 88(12): 1840–1843.
PMCID: PMC1509043

Children's exposure to traffic and pedestrian injuries.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to estimate children's exposure to traffic (number of streets crossed) and to determine the role of exposure in pedestrian injury. METHODS: Questionnaires were distributed to a random sample of 4080 first- and fourth-grade children in 43 Montreal schools. RESULTS: When analyzed by police district, injury and exposure rates were positively correlated (r2 = 0.53). Crossings were similar by sex but increased with age and were inversely related to socioeconomic status. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that although children's exposure to traffic could be reduced by transporting them to school, a more reasonable prevention strategy involves environmental changes.

Full text

Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. Get a printable copy (PDF file) of the complete article (1.4M), or click on a page image below to browse page by page. Links to PubMed are also available for Selected References.

Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Dougherty G, Pless IB, Wilkins R. Social class and the occurrence of traffic injuries and deaths in urban children. Can J Public Health. 1990 May-Jun;81(3):204–209. [PubMed]
  • Pless IB, Verreault R, Tenina S. A case-control study of pedestrian and bicyclist injuries in childhood. Am J Public Health. 1989 Aug;79(8):995–998. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Routledge DA, Repetto-Wright R, Howarth CI. The exposure of young children to accident risk as pedestrians. Ergonomics. 1974 Jul;17(4):457–480. [PubMed]
  • Tanz RR, Christoffel KK. Pedestrian injury. The next motor vehicle injury challenge. Am J Dis Child. 1985 Dec;139(12):1187–1190. [PubMed]
  • Pless IB, Verreault R, Arsenault L, Frappier JY, Stulginskas J. The epidemiology of road accidents in childhood. Am J Public Health. 1987 Mar;77(3):358–360. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Towner EM, Jarvis SN, Walsh SS, Aynsley-Green A. Measuring exposure to injury risk in schoolchildren aged 11-14. BMJ. 1994 Feb 12;308(6926):449–452. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Joly MF, Foggin PM, Pless IB. Geographical and socio-ecological variations of traffic accidents among children. Soc Sci Med. 1991;33(7):765–769. [PubMed]
  • Routledge DA, Repetto-Wright R, Howarth CI. A comparison of interviews and observation to obtain measures of children's exposure to risk as pedestrians. Ergonomics. 1974 Sep;17(5):623–638. [PubMed]
  • Stevenson MR. The validity of children's self-reported exposure to traffic. Accid Anal Prev. 1996 Sep;28(5):599–605. [PubMed]
  • Roberts I. Why have child pedestrian death rates fallen? BMJ. 1993 Jun 26;306(6894):1737–1739. [PMC free article] [PubMed]

Articles from American Journal of Public Health are provided here courtesy of American Public Health Association

Formats:

Related citations in PubMed

See reviews...See all...

Cited by other articles in PMC

See all...

Links

  • PubMed
    PubMed
    PubMed citations for these articles

Recent Activity

Your browsing activity is empty.

Activity recording is turned off.

Turn recording back on

See more...