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Am J Public Health. 1998 April; 88(4): 641–643.
PMCID: PMC1508420

Differences in the risk of homicide and other fatal injuries between postpartum women and other women of childbearing age: implications for prevention.


OBJECTIVES: This study compared injury deaths between postpartum women and other women aged 15 to 44. METHODS: Risk ratios and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were computed for injury fatality rates. RESULTS: Fifty percent (29/58) of postpartum injury deaths were homicides, compared with 26% (427/1648) of injury deaths among nonpregnant, nonpostpartum women. For females aged 15 to 19, the homicide rate was 2.6 times higher (95% CI = 1.17, 5.95) for postpartum females than for other females. The motor-vehicle fatality rate was lower for postpartum females than for nonpregnant, nonpostpartum females (risk ratio = 0.30, CI = 0.18, 0.48). CONCLUSIONS: Postpartum females aged 15 to 19 years were at higher risk of homicide. Postpartum women were at reduced risk of motor-vehicle fatalities.

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Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Dannenberg AL, Baker SP, Li G. Intentional and unintentional injuries in women. An overview. Ann Epidemiol. 1994 Mar;4(2):133–139. [PubMed]
  • Fildes J, Reed L, Jones N, Martin M, Barrett J. Trauma: the leading cause of maternal death. J Trauma. 1992 May;32(5):643–645. [PubMed]
  • Dannenberg AL, Carter DM, Lawson HW, Ashton DM, Dorfman SF, Graham EH. Homicide and other injuries as causes of maternal death in New York City, 1987 through 1991. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1995 May;172(5):1557–1564. [PubMed]

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