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Ann Surg. Sep 1987; 206(3): 335–339.
PMCID: PMC1493166

Blood flow in colonic anastomoses. Effect of stapling and suturing.

Abstract

Sutureline blood flow was measured with laser Doppler velocimetry in colonic anastomoses created with the stapler, manual suturing, or a combination. Blood flow was always reduced in the sutureline compared with normal mucosa. Of all the anastomoses studied, tight stapling reduced sutureline blood flow the most, whereas the two-layered manual anastomosis or stapling reinforced with sutures were somewhat less ischemic. Stapling adjusted to bowel wall thickness impaired flow only moderately. It was possible with practice to outperform the stapler by single-layered manual anastomosis using fine sutures. In humans, stapled ileocolostomy had a higher sutureline blood flow than the two-layered manual anastomosis. In view of the existing clinical experience of safe stapling without adjustment for bowel wall thickness, a low sutureline blood flow is probably tolerated to a considerable degree in humans. However, this study clearly shows that tight stapling can reduce sutureline blood flow unduly, whereas superior blood supply can be attained by attention to staple closure height relative to bowel wall thickness.

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Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
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