• We are sorry, but NCBI web applications do not support your browser and may not function properly. More information
Logo of cmajCMAJ Information for AuthorsCMAJ Home Page
CMAJ. Jun 15, 1992; 146(12): 2153–2158.
PMCID: PMC1492299

Quality of care: 1. What is quality and how can it be measured? Health Services Research Group.

Full text

Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. Get a printable copy (PDF file) of the complete article (1.7M), or click on a page image below to browse page by page. Links to PubMed are also available for Selected References.

Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Hulka BS, Romm FJ, Parkerson GR, Jr, Russell IT, Clapp NE, Johnson FS. Peer review in ambulatory care: use of explicit criteria and implicit judgments. Med Care. 1979 Mar;17(3 Suppl):i–73. [PubMed]
  • McAuley RG, Paul WM, Morrison GH, Beckett RF, Goldsmith CH. Five-year results of the peer assessment program of the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Ontario. CMAJ. 1990 Dec 1;143(11):1193–1199. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Davis DA, Norman GR, Painvin A, Lindsay E, Ragbeer MS, Rath D. Attempting to ensure physician competence. JAMA. 1990 Apr 18;263(15):2041–2042. [PubMed]
  • Fooks C, Rachlis M, Kushner C. Concepts of quality of care: national survey of five self-regulating health professions in Canada. Qual Assur Health Care. 1990;2(1):89–109. [PubMed]
  • Barrable B. A survey of medical quality assurance programs in Ontario hospitals. CMAJ. 1992 Jan 15;146(2):153–160. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Steffen GE. Quality medical care. A definition. JAMA. 1988 Jul 1;260(1):56–61. [PubMed]
  • Berwick DM, Enthoven A, Bunker JP. Quality management in the NHS: the doctor's role--I. BMJ. 1992 Jan 25;304(6821):235–239. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Bowen OR. Shattuck lecture--what is quality care? N Engl J Med. 1987 Jun 18;316(25):1578–1580. [PubMed]
  • Donabedian A. The quality of medical care: a concept in search of a definition. J Fam Pract. 1979 Aug;9(2):277–284. [PubMed]
  • Caper P. Defining quality in medical care. Health Aff (Millwood) 1988 Spring;7(1):49–61. [PubMed]
  • Donabedian A. The quality of care. How can it be assessed? JAMA. 1988 Sep 23;260(12):1743–1748. [PubMed]
  • Roper WL, Winkenwerder W, Hackbarth GM, Krakauer H. Effectiveness in health care. An initiative to evaluate and improve medical practice. N Engl J Med. 1988 Nov 3;319(18):1197–1202. [PubMed]
  • Berwick DM. Continuous improvement as an ideal in health care. N Engl J Med. 1989 Jan 5;320(1):53–56. [PubMed]
  • Kritchevsky SB, Simmons BP. Continuous quality improvement. Concepts and applications for physician care. JAMA. 1991 Oct 2;266(13):1817–1823. [PubMed]
  • Kuhn EM, Hartz AJ, Gottlieb MS, Rimm AA. The relationship of hospital characteristics and the results of peer review in six large states. Med Care. 1991 Oct;29(10):1028–1038. [PubMed]
  • Brennan TA, Leape LL, Laird NM, Hebert L, Localio AR, Lawthers AG, Newhouse JP, Weiler PC, Hiatt HH. Incidence of adverse events and negligence in hospitalized patients. Results of the Harvard Medical Practice Study I. N Engl J Med. 1991 Feb 7;324(6):370–376. [PubMed]
  • Cleary PD, Greenfield S, Mulley AG, Pauker SG, Schroeder SA, Wexler L, McNeil BJ. Variations in length of stay and outcomes for six medical and surgical conditions in Massachusetts and California. JAMA. 1991 Jul 3;266(1):73–79. [PubMed]
  • Fink A, Yano EM, Brook RH. The condition of the literature on differences in hospital mortality. Med Care. 1989 Apr;27(4):315–336. [PubMed]
  • Dubois RW, Rogers WH, Moxley JH, 3rd, Draper D, Brook RH. Hospital inpatient mortality. Is it a predictor of quality? N Engl J Med. 1987 Dec 24;317(26):1674–1680. [PubMed]
  • Jencks SF, Daley J, Draper D, Thomas N, Lenhart G, Walker J. Interpreting hospital mortality data. The role of clinical risk adjustment. JAMA. 1988 Dec 23;260(24):3611–3616. [PubMed]
  • Hiatt HH, Barnes BA, Brennan TA, Laird NM, Lawthers AG, Leape LL, Localio AR, Newhouse JP, Peterson LM, Thorpe KE, et al. A study of medical injury and medical malpractice. N Engl J Med. 1989 Aug 17;321(7):480–484. [PubMed]

Articles from CMAJ : Canadian Medical Association Journal are provided here courtesy of Canadian Medical Association


Related citations in PubMed

See reviews...See all...

Cited by other articles in PMC

See all...


  • PubMed
    PubMed citations for these articles

Recent Activity

Your browsing activity is empty.

Activity recording is turned off.

Turn recording back on

See more...