• We are sorry, but NCBI web applications do not support your browser and may not function properly. More information
Logo of narLink to Publisher's site
Nucleic Acids Res. Sep 1, 1999; 27(17): 3567–3576.
PMCID: PMC148602

Translation in Bacillus subtilis: roles and trends of initiation and termination, insights from a genome analysis.


We analysed the Bacillus subtilis protein coding sequences termini, and compared it to other genomes. The analysis focused on signals, com-positional biases of nucleotides, oligonucleotides, codons and amino acids and mRNA secondary structure. AUG is the preferred start codon in all genomes, independent of their G+C content, and seems to induce less stable mRNA structures. However, it is not conserved between homologous genes neither is it preferred in highly expressed genes. In B.subtilis the ribosome binding site is very strong. We found that downstream boxes do not seem to exist either in Escherichia coli or in B.subtilis. UAA stop codon usage is correlated with the G+C content and is strongly selected in highly expressed genes. We found less stable mRNA structures at both termini, which we related to mRNA-ribosome and mRNA-release-factor interactions. This pattern seems to impose a peculiar A-rich nucleotide and codon usage bias in these regions. Finally the analysis of all proteins from B.subtilis revealed a similar amino acid bias near both termini of proteins consisting of over-representation of hydrophilic residues. This bias near the stop codon is partially release-factor specific.

Full Text

The Full Text of this article is available as a PDF (688K).

Articles from Nucleic Acids Research are provided here courtesy of Oxford University Press


Related citations in PubMed

See reviews...See all...

Cited by other articles in PMC

See all...


Recent Activity

Your browsing activity is empty.

Activity recording is turned off.

Turn recording back on

See more...