Logo of janatLink to Publisher's site
J Anat. 1998 Nov; 193(Pt 4): 611–616.
PMCID: PMC1467886

Embryonal feather growth in the chicken


Prenatal feather growth development in the chicken was studied in 7 body regions in HH stages 27–45, using direct measurements, specific histological and immunohistochemical methods, and scanning electron microscopy. The results from measurements of absolute length values, and, particularly, growth rate development in each HH stage revealed a distinct phase of most intensive growth in HH stage 40–41, which was preceded by feather follicle insertion and accompanied by the occurrence of α-keratins in barbule cells. Specific regional evaluation demonstrated that growth in the feather follicles of abdominal skin generally showed the slowest progression from absolute values and that in the feather filaments of the developing wings the most rapid progression occurred during HH stage 40–41 from growth rate values.

Keywords: Feather growth, embryo, chicken

Full Text

The Full Text of this article is available as a PDF (1.2M).

Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • BELL E, THATHACHARI YT. Development of feather keratin during embryogenesis of the chick. J Cell Biol. 1963 Feb;16:215–223. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Derr LB, Chiquet-Ehrismann R, Gandour-Edwards R, Spence J, Tucker RP. The expression of tenascin-C with the AD1 variable repeat in embryonic tissues, cell lines and tumors in various vertebrate species. Differentiation. 1997 Nov;62(2):71–82. [PubMed]
  • Ede DA, Hinchliffe JR, Mees HC. Feather morphogenesis and feather pattern in normal and talpid mutant chick embryos. J Embryol Exp Morphol. 1971 Feb;25(1):65–83. [PubMed]
  • Gerrits PO, Smid L. A new, less toxic polymerization system for the embedding of soft tissues in glycol methacrylate and subsequent preparing of serial sections. J Microsc. 1983 Oct;132(Pt 1):81–85. [PubMed]
  • Haake AR, König G, Sawyer RH. Avian feather development: relationships between morphogenesis and keratinization. Dev Biol. 1984 Dec;106(2):406–413. [PubMed]
  • Hanstede JG, Gerrits PO. The effects of embedding in water-soluble plastics on the final dimensions of liver sections. J Microsc. 1983 Jul;131(Pt 1):79–86. [PubMed]
  • JONES DB. Nephrotic glomerulonephritis. Am J Pathol. 1957 Mar-Apr;33(2):313–329. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • KISCHER CW. [Fine structure of the developing down feather]. J Ultrastruct Res. 1963 Apr;8:305–321. [PubMed]
  • KONING AL, HAMILTON HL. Localization of enzyme systems, nucleic acids, and polysaccharides during morphogenesis in the down feather of the chick. Am J Anat. 1954 Jul;95(1):75–108. [PubMed]
  • Mayerson PL, Fallon JF. The spatial pattern and temporal sequence in which feather germs arise in the white Leghorn chick embryo. Dev Biol. 1985 Jun;109(2):259–267. [PubMed]
  • Meyer W, Görgen S. Development of hair coat and skin glands in fetal porcine integument. J Anat. 1986 Feb;144:201–220. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Moll R, Franke WW, Schiller DL, Geiger B, Krepler R. The catalog of human cytokeratins: patterns of expression in normal epithelia, tumors and cultured cells. Cell. 1982 Nov;31(1):11–24. [PubMed]
  • Morgenstern E. Vergleichende lichtoptische Untersuchungen im Rahmen elektronenmikroskopischer Arbeiten an ultradünnen Schnitten. II. Färbemethoden. Mikroskopie. 1969;25:250–260. [PubMed]
  • Noveen A, Jiang TX, Ting-Berreth SA, Chuong CM. Homeobox genes Msx-1 and Msx-2 are associated with induction and growth of skin appendages. J Invest Dermatol. 1995 May;104(5):711–719. [PubMed]
  • Yamada K, Shimizu S. The histochemistry of galactose residues of complex carbohydrates as studied by peroxidase-labeled Ricinus communis agglutinin. Histochemistry. 1977 Aug 1;53(2):143–156. [PubMed]

Articles from Journal of Anatomy are provided here courtesy of Anatomical Society of Great Britain and Ireland


Related citations in PubMed

See reviews...See all...

Cited by other articles in PMC

See all...


  • PubMed
    PubMed citations for these articles
  • Substance
    PubChem Substance links

Recent Activity

Your browsing activity is empty.

Activity recording is turned off.

Turn recording back on

See more...