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Ann Surg. Aug 1961; 154(2): 241–251.
PMCID: PMC1465870

Spontaneous Internal Biliary Fistulas *

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Selected References

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  • BYRNE JJ. Biliary fistulas. Am J Surg. 1953 Aug;86(2):181–187. [PubMed]
  • CARLSON E, GATES CY, NOVACOVICH G. Spontaneous fistulas between the gallbladder and gastrointestinal tract. Surg Gynecol Obstet. 1955 Sep;101(3):321–330. [PubMed]
  • COGBILL CL, ROTH HP. Choledochoduodenal fistula: report of two cases due to duodenal ulcer. Am Surg. 1953 May;19(5):480–488. [PubMed]
  • EPPERSON P. Spontaneous internal biliary fistulas. Proc Staff Meet Mayo Clin. 1953 Jul 1;28(13):353–360. [PubMed]
  • Foss HL, Summers JD. INTESTINAL OBSTRUCTION FROM GALLSTONES. Ann Surg. 1942 May;115(5):721.b2–721735. [PubMed]
  • GLENN F, MANNIX H., Jr Biliary enteric fistula. Surg Gynecol Obstet. 1957 Dec;105(6):693–705. [PubMed]
  • HUTCHINGS VZ, PUESTOW CB, WHELLER JR. Choledochoduodenal fistula complicating duodenal ulcer; a report of five cases and review of the literature. AMA Arch Surg. 1956 Oct;73(4):598–605. [PubMed]
  • JORDAN PH, Jr, STIRRETT LA. Treatment of spontaneous internal biliary fistula caused by duodenal ulcer. Am J Surg. 1956 Mar;91(3):307–313. [PubMed]
  • Judd ES, Burden VG. INTERNAL BILIARY FISTULA. Ann Surg. 1925 Jan;81(1):305–312. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • KYLE J. Choledochoduodenal fistula due to duodenal ulceration. Br J Surg. 1958 Sep;46(196):124–127. [PubMed]
  • MARSHALL SF, POLK RC. Spontaneous internal biliary fistulas. Surg Clin North Am. 1958 Jun;38(3):679–691. [PubMed]
  • Puestow CB. SPONTANEOUS INTERNAL BILIARY FISTULAE. Ann Surg. 1942 Jun;115(6):1043–1054. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • WALKER GL, LARGE AM. Choledochoduodenal fistula: its surgical management, including a report of three cases. Ann Surg. 1954 Apr;139(4):510–516. [PMC free article] [PubMed]

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