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Genetics. Nov 2001; 159(3): 1319–1323.
PMCID: PMC1461858

Population admixture may appear to mask, change or reverse genetic effects of genes underlying complex traits.


Association studies using random population samples are increasingly being applied in the identification and inference of genetic effects of genes underlying complex traits. It is well recognized that population admixture may yield false-positive identification of genetic effects for complex traits. However, it is less well appreciated that population admixture can appear to mask, change, or reverse true genetic effects for genes underlying complex traits. By employing a simple population genetics model, we explore the effects and the conditions of population admixture in masking, changing, or even reversing true genetic effects of genes underlying complex traits.

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Selected References

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