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Genetics. Jan 1999; 151(1): 87–95.
PMCID: PMC1460472

Propagation of a novel cytoplasmic, infectious and deleterious determinant is controlled by translational accuracy in Podospora anserina.

Abstract

Some mutant strains of the filamentous fungus Podospora anserina spontaneously present a growth impairment, which has been called Crippled Growth (CG). CG is caused by a cytoplasmic and infectious factor, C. C is efficiently transmitted during mitosis but is not transmitted to the progeny after sexual crosses. C is induced by stationary phase and cured by various means, most of which stress the cells. Translational accuracy is shown to tightly regulate the propagation of C during the active growth period, because its propagation in dividing hyphae is restricted to cells that display an increased translational accuracy. However, induction of C in stationary phase proceeds independently from the translational accuracy status of the strain. CG does not seem to be accompanied by mitochondrial DNA modifications, although C activates the action of the Determinant of Senescence, another cytoplasmic and infectious element, which causes a disorganization of the mitochondrial genome. In addition, presence of C drastically modifies the spectrum of the mitochondrial DNA rearrangements in AS6-5 mat- cultures during Senescence. C seems to belong to the growing list of unconventional genetic elements. The biological significance of such elements is discussed.

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Selected References

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