• We are sorry, but NCBI web applications do not support your browser and may not function properly. More information
Logo of immunologyLink to Publisher's site
Immunology. Oct 1983; 50(2): 229–238.
PMCID: PMC1454347

The effect of maternal antigenic stimulation upon the active immune responsiveness of their offspring.


Pregnant mice were stimulated by sheep erythrocytes (SRBC) and the active immune responses of their offspring were investigated. The offspring whose mothers were stimulated with SRBC did not develop either IgM or IgG plaque-forming cell (PFC) target cells. From the dose response of pregnant mice for inducing suppression, enough doses (10(8)-10(10) cells of SRBC) for inducing primary anti-SRBC PFC could establish suppression in the young. Both intravenous and intraperitoneal administration of SRBC induced almost complete suppression of the specific PFC response (98.6-95.2%), but only partial suppression (57.8%) was induced by subcutaneous injection. For suppression to take place, female mice had to be injected with SRBC from 2 days before fertilization to day 16 of gestation. Suppression of the PFC response was not obtained when SRBC were given 3 days before fertilization or just 24 hr before delivery. This suppressive effect on the PFC response persisted until the 15th week after birth. In these newborn mice, detectable amounts of specific anti-SRBC antibodies were found. After exchanging mothers and newborns, the stimulated newborns fostered by normal mothers were still unresponsive following antigenic stimulation, even though a specific antibody from the mother was not detected. However, normal newborns nursed by stimulated mothers could respond to SRBC injection, no matter how the specific antibodies were transferred. Possible mechanisms of immunosuppression of the PFC response by antibody transmitted by the mother to her offspring are discussed.

Full text

Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. Get a printable copy (PDF file) of the complete article (803K), or click on a page image below to browse page by page. Links to PubMed are also available for Selected References.

Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Adler FL, Noelle RJ. Enduring antibody responses in "normal" rabbits to maternal immunoglobulin allotypes. J Immunol. 1975 Sep;115(3):620–625. [PubMed]
  • Alford CA., Jr Studies on antibody in congenital rubella infections. I. Physicochemical and immunologic investigations of rubella neutralizing antibody. Am J Dis Child. 1965 Oct;110(4):455–463. [PubMed]
  • Auerbach R, Clark S. Immunological tolerance: transmission from mother to offspring. Science. 1975 Sep 5;189(4205):811–813. [PubMed]
  • Davis BK, Gill TJ., 3rd Decreased antibody response in the offspring of immunized high responder rats. J Immunol. 1975 Oct;115(4):1166–1168. [PubMed]
  • Jerne NK, Nordin AA. Plaque Formation in Agar by Single Antibody-Producing Cells. Science. 1963 Apr 26;140(3565):405–405. [PubMed]
  • Kindred B, Roelants GE. Restricted clonal response to DNP in adult offspring of immunized mice: a maternal effect. J Immunol. 1974 Aug;113(2):445–448. [PubMed]
  • Lang DJ, Noren B. Cytomegaloviremia following congenital infection. J Pediatr. 1968 Dec;73(6):812–819. [PubMed]
  • Schlamowitz M. Membrane receptors in the specific transfer of immunoglobulins from mother to young. Immunol Commun. 1976;5(6):481–500. [PubMed]
  • Tokuhisa T, Gadus FT, Herzenberg LA, Herzenberg LA. Monoclonal antibody to an IgD allotype induces a new type of allotype suppression in the mouse. J Exp Med. 1981 Sep 1;154(3):921–934. [PMC free article] [PubMed]

Articles from Immunology are provided here courtesy of British Society for Immunology


Related citations in PubMed

See reviews...See all...

Cited by other articles in PMC

See all...


  • PubMed
    PubMed citations for these articles
  • Substance
    PubChem Substance links

Recent Activity

Your browsing activity is empty.

Activity recording is turned off.

Turn recording back on

See more...