• We are sorry, but NCBI web applications do not support your browser and may not function properly. More information
Logo of amjphAmerican Journal of Public Health Web SiteAmerican Public Health Association Web SiteSubmissionsSubscriptionsAbout Us
Am J Public Health. 2001 June; 91(6): 976–979.
PMCID: PMC1446478

Patterns of cigarette smoking and alcohol use among lesbians and bisexual women enrolled in a large health maintenance organization.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: This study compared the prevalence of cigarette smoking and alcohol use among lesbians and bisexual women with that among heterosexual women. METHODS: Logistic regression models were created with data from an extensive member health survey at a large health maintenance organization. Sexual orientation was the primary predictor, and alcohol consumption and cigarette smoking were outcomes. RESULTS: Lesbians and bisexual women younger than 50 years were more likely than heterosexual women to smoke cigarettes and drink heavily. Lesbians and bisexual women aged 20 to 34 reported higher weekly alcohol consumption and less abstinence compared with heterosexual women and older lesbians and bisexual women. CONCLUSIONS: Lesbians and bisexual women aged 20 to 34 years are at risk for alcohol use and cigarette smoking.

Full Text

The Full Text of this article is available as a PDF (69K).

Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Skinner WF, Otis MD. Drug and alcohol use among lesbian and gay people in a southern U.S. sample: epidemiological, comparative, and methodological findings from the Trilogy Project. J Homosex. 1996;30(3):59–92. [PubMed]
  • Valanis BG, Bowen DJ, Bassford T, Whitlock E, Charney P, Carter RA. Sexual orientation and health: comparisons in the women's health initiative sample. Arch Fam Med. 2000 Sep-Oct;9(9):843–853. [PubMed]
  • Cochran SD, Mays VM. Relation between psychiatric syndromes and behaviorally defined sexual orientation in a sample of the US population. Am J Epidemiol. 2000 Mar 1;151(5):516–523. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Diamant AL, Wold C, Spritzer K, Gelberg L. Health behaviors, health status, and access to and use of health care: a population-based study of lesbian, bisexual, and heterosexual women. Arch Fam Med. 2000 Nov-Dec;9(10):1043–1051. [PubMed]
  • Nawyn SJ, Richman JA, Rospenda KM, Hughes TL. Sexual identity and alcohol-related outcomes: contributions of workplace harassment. J Subst Abuse. 2000;11(3):289–304. [PubMed]
  • Bradford J, Ryan C, Rothblum ED. National Lesbian Health Care Survey: implications for mental health care. J Consult Clin Psychol. 1994 Apr;62(2):228–242. [PubMed]
  • Bloomfield K. A comparison of alcohol consumption between lesbians and heterosexual women in an urban population. Drug Alcohol Depend. 1993 Oct;33(3):257–269. [PubMed]
  • Hughes TL, Wilsnack SC. Use of alcohol among lesbians: research and clinical implications. Am J Orthopsychiatry. 1997 Jan;67(1):20–36. [PubMed]
  • McKirnan DJ, Peterson PL. Alcohol and drug use among homosexual men and women: epidemiology and population characteristics. Addict Behav. 1989;14(5):545–553. [PubMed]
  • Roberts SJ, Sorensen L. Health related behaviors and cancer screening of lesbians: results from the Boston Lesbian Health Project. Women Health. 1999;28(4):1–12. [PubMed]
  • Rankow EJ, Tessaro I. Cervical cancer risk and Papanicolaou screening in a sample of lesbian and bisexual women. J Fam Pract. 1998 Aug;47(2):139–143. [PubMed]
  • Koh AS. Use of preventive health behaviors by lesbian, bisexual, and heterosexual women: questionnaire survey. West J Med. 2000 Jun;172(6):379–384. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Abbott LJ. The use of alcohol by lesbians: a review and research agenda. Subst Use Misuse. 1998 Nov;33(13):2647–2663. [PubMed]
  • Heffernan K. The nature and predictors of substance use among lesbians. Addict Behav. 1998 Jul-Aug;23(4):517–528. [PubMed]
  • Krieger N. Overcoming the absence of socioeconomic data in medical records: validation and application of a census-based methodology. Am J Public Health. 1992 May;82(5):703–710. [PMC free article] [PubMed]

Articles from American Journal of Public Health are provided here courtesy of American Public Health Association

Formats:

Related citations in PubMed

See reviews...See all...

Cited by other articles in PMC

See all...

Links

  • MedGen
    MedGen
    Related information in MedGen
  • PubMed
    PubMed
    PubMed citations for these articles