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Plant Cell. Oct 1998; 10(10): 1637–1648.
PMCID: PMC143944

The plant U1 small nuclear ribonucleoprotein particle 70K protein interacts with two novel serine/arginine-rich proteins.

Abstract

The U1 small nuclear ribonucleoprotein particle (U1 snRNP) 70K protein (U1-70K), one of the three U1 snRNP-specific proteins, is implicated in basic and alternative splicing of nuclear pre-mRNAs. We have used the Arabidopsis U1-70K in the yeast two-hybrid system to isolate cDNAs encoding proteins that interact with it. This screening has resulted in the isolation of two novel plant serine/arginine-rich (SR) proteins, SRZ-22 and SRZ-21 (SRZ proteins). Neither the N-terminal region nor the arginine-rich C-terminal region of U1-70K alone interact with the SRZ proteins. The interaction of U1-70K with the SRZ proteins is confirmed further in vitro using a blot overlay assay. The plant SRZ proteins are highly similar to each other and contain conserved modular domains unique to different groups of splicing factors in the SR family of proteins. SRZ proteins are similar to human 9G8 splicing factor because they contain a zinc knuckle, precipitate with 65% ammonium sulfate, and cross-react with the 9G8 monoclonal antibody. However, unlike the 9G8 splicing factor, SRZ proteins contain a glycine hinge, a unique feature in other splicing factors (SC35 and ASF/SF2), located between the RNA binding domain and the zinc knuckle. SRZ-22 and SRZ-21 are encoded by two distinct genes and are expressed in all tissues tested with varied levels of expression. Our results suggest that the plant SRZ proteins represent a new group of SR proteins. The interaction of plant U1-70K with the SRZ proteins may account for some differences in pre-mRNA splicing between plants and animals.

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Selected References

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