• We are sorry, but NCBI web applications do not support your browser and may not function properly. More information
Logo of amjphAmerican Journal of Public Health Web SiteAmerican Public Health Association Web SiteSubmissionsSubscriptionsAbout Us
Am J Public Health. 1991 November; 81(11): 1423–1428.
PMCID: PMC1405692

Cardiovascular risk factors among Asian Americans living in northern California.

Abstract

BACKGROUND. Recent substantial immigration has created large population subsets of Asian Americans in the United States. Available data about cardiovascular risk factors in these persons are sparse. METHODS. This study examined data among 13,031 persons self-classified as 5951 Chinese, 4211 Filipinos, 1703 Japanese, and 1166 other Asians. Covariates in regression analyses were age, smoking, alcohol, education, and marital status. RESULTS. Chinese men and women had the lowest adjusted mean body mass index. Filipino men and women had the highest prevalence of hypertension. There were no major differences in blood glucose levels. Total cholesterol levels were highest in Japanese men and women. Comparisons of US-born persons and those born in respective countries of origin showed no major cholesterol or glucose differences; more hypertension only in Chinese and other Asian men; higher body mass index in men, but not in women of most ethnicities; and a lower smoking prevalence in men, but a substantially higher one in women. CONCLUSIONS. These data show important ethnic differences in risk factors among Asian Americans and indicate groups that should be targeted for public health efforts concerned with obesity (Asian-American men), hypertension (Filipino-American men and women), hypercholesteremia (all Asian Americans), and smoking cessation (Asian-American women).

Full text

Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. Get a printable copy (PDF file) of the complete article (4.7M), or click on a page image below to browse page by page. Links to PubMed are also available for Selected References.

Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Lin-Fu JS. Population characteristics and health care needs of Asian Pacific Americans. Public Health Rep. 1988 Jan-Feb;103(1):18–27. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Robertson TL, Kato H, Rhoads GG, Kagan A, Marmot M, Syme SL, Gordon T, Worth RM, Belsky JL, Dock DS, et al. Epidemiologic studies of coronary heart disease and stroke in Japanese men living in Japan, Hawaii and California. Incidence of myocardial infarction and death from coronary heart disease. Am J Cardiol. 1977 Feb;39(2):239–243. [PubMed]
  • Robertson TL, Kato H, Gordon T, Kagan A, Rhoads GG, Land CE, Worth RM, Belsky JL, Dock DS, Miyanishi M, et al. Epidemiologic studies of coronary heart disease and stroke in Japanese men living in Japan, Hawaii and California. Coronary heart disease risk factors in Japan and Hawaii. Am J Cardiol. 1977 Feb;39(2):244–249. [PubMed]
  • GORDON T. Mortality experience among the Japanese in the United States, Hawaii, and Japan. Public Health Rep. 1957 Jun;72(6):543–553. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Winkelstein W, Jr, Kagan A, Kato H, Sacks ST. Epidemiologic studies of coronary heart disease and stroke in Japanese men living in Japan, Hawaii and California: blood pressure distributions. Am J Epidemiol. 1975 Dec;102(6):502–513. [PubMed]
  • Yano K, MacLean CJ, Reed DM, Shimizu Y, Sasaki H, Kodama K, Kato H, Kagan A. A comparison of the 12-year mortality and predictive factors of coronary heart disease among Japanese men in Japan and Hawaii. Am J Epidemiol. 1988 Mar;127(3):476–487. [PubMed]
  • Choi ES, McGandy RB, Dallal GE, Russell RM, Jacob RA, Schaefer EJ, Sadowski JA. The prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors among elderly Chinese Americans. Arch Intern Med. 1990 Feb;150(2):413–418. [PubMed]
  • Wu YK. Epidemiology and community control of hypertension, stroke and coronary heart disease in China. Chin Med J (Engl) 1979 Oct;92(10):665–670. [PubMed]
  • Stavig GR, Igra A, Leonard AR. Hypertension among Asians and Pacific islanders in California. Am J Epidemiol. 1984 May;119(5):677–691. [PubMed]
  • Angel A, Armstrong MA, Klatsky AL. Blood pressure among Asian-Americans living in northern California. Am J Cardiol. 1989 Jul 15;64(3):237–240. [PubMed]
  • Klatsky AL, Siegelaub AB, Landy C, Friedman GD. Racial patterns of alcoholic beverage use. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 1983 Fall;7(4):372–377. [PubMed]
  • Kagan A, Harris BR, Winkelstein W, Jr, Johnson KG, Kato H, Syme SL, Rhoads GG, Gay ML, Nichaman MZ, Hamilton HB, et al. Epidemiologic studies of coronary heart disease and stroke in Japanese men living in Japan, Hawaii and California: demographic, physical, dietary and biochemical characteristics. J Chronic Dis. 1974 Sep;27(7-8):345–364. [PubMed]
  • Koong SL, Malison MD, Nakashima AK. A prevalence survey of behavioural risk factors in Taipei City, Taiwan. Int J Epidemiol. 1990 Mar;19(1):154–159. [PubMed]
  • Rosenberg L, Miller DR, Kaufman DW, Helmrich SP, Van de Carr S, Stolley PD, Shapiro S. Myocardial infarction in women under 50 years of age. JAMA. 1983 Nov 25;250(20):2801–2806. [PubMed]
  • Szatrowski TP, Peterson AV, Jr, Shimizu Y, Prentice RL, Mason MW, Fukunaga Y, Kato H. Serum cholesterol, other risk factors, and cardiovascular disease in a Japanese cohort. J Chronic Dis. 1984;37(7):569–584. [PubMed]
  • Kesteloot H, Huang DX, Yang XS, Claes J, Rosseneu M, Geboers J, Joossens JV. Serum lipids in the People's Republic of China. Comparison of Western and Eastern populations. Arteriosclerosis. 1985 Sep-Oct;5(5):427–433. [PubMed]
  • Tung CL, Chen WC, Liang SP, Pan SR, Xue W. A reappraisal of the changing proportion of the various types of heart diseases in Shanghai and its relationship to serum cholesterol levels. Chin Med J (Engl) 1984 Mar;97(3):171–174. [PubMed]
  • Yao CH, Wu ZS, Hong ZG, Xu XM, Zhang M, Wu YY, Yu SE, Wu YK. Risk factors of cardiovascular diseases in Beijing. Chin Med J (Engl) 1988 Dec;101(12):901–905. [PubMed]
  • Shieh SM, Shen M, Fuh MM, Chen YD, Reaven GM. Plasma lipid and lipoprotein concentrations in Chinese males with coronary artery disease, with and without hypertension. Atherosclerosis. 1987 Sep;67(1):49–55. [PubMed]
  • Nichaman MZ, Hamilton HB, Kagan A, Grier T, Sacks T, Syme SL. Epidemiologic studies of coronary heart disease and stroke in Japanese men living in Japan, Hawaii and California: distribution of biochemical risk factors. Am J Epidemiol. 1975 Dec;102(6):491–501. [PubMed]
  • Hughes K, Yeo PP, Lun KC, Sothy SP, Thai AC, Wang KW, Cheah JS. Ischaemic heart disease and its risk factors in Singapore in comparison with other countries. Ann Acad Med Singapore. 1989 May;18(3):245–249. [PubMed]
  • Chew WL, Mah PK, Tan YT, Cheong CK. A comparison of the levels of total serum cholesterol (1974-1984) and its relations to ischaemic heart disease in Singapore and the United States of America. Singapore Med J. 1988 Feb;29(1):6–10. [PubMed]

Articles from American Journal of Public Health are provided here courtesy of American Public Health Association

Formats:

Related citations in PubMed

See reviews...See all...

Cited by other articles in PMC

See all...

Links

  • Cited in Books
    Cited in Books
    PubMed Central articles cited in books
  • Compound
    Compound
    PubChem Compound links
  • PubMed
    PubMed
    PubMed citations for these articles
  • Substance
    Substance
    PubChem Substance links

Recent Activity

Your browsing activity is empty.

Activity recording is turned off.

Turn recording back on

See more...