• We are sorry, but NCBI web applications do not support your browser and may not function properly. More information
Logo of jeabehavJournal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior Web SiteSubscriber LoginJournal of Applied Behavior Analysis Web SiteSubscription InformationInformation for AuthorsJournal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior Web Site
J Exp Anal Behav. Jan 1963; 6(1): 1–27.
PMCID: PMC1404228

Discrimination learning with and without “errors”1

Abstract

Responses to S− (“errors”) are not a necessary condition for the formation of an operant discrimination of color. Errors do not occur if discrimination training begins early in conditioning and if S+ and S− initially differ with respect to brightness, duration and wavelength. After training starts, S−'s duration and brightness is progressively increased until S+ and S− differ only with respect to wavelength. Errors do occur if training starts after much conditioning in the presence of S+ has occurred or if S+ and S− differ only with respect to wavelength throughout training. Performance following discrimination learning without errors lacks three characteristics that are found following learning with errors. Only those birds that learned the discrimination with errors showed (1) “emotional” responses in the presence of S−, (2) an increase in the rate (or a decrease in the latency) of its response to S+, and (3) occasional bursts of responses to S−.

Full text

Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. Get a printable copy (PDF file) of the complete article (3.3M), or click on a page image below to browse page by page. Links to PubMed are also available for Selected References.

Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • BLOUGH DS. Generalization and preference on a stimulus-intensity continuum. J Exp Anal Behav. 1959 Oct;2:307–317. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • FERSTER CB. Withdrawal of positive reinforcement as punishment. Science. 1957 Sep 13;126(3272):509–509. [PubMed]
  • GUTTMAN N, KALISH HI. Discriminability and stimulus generalization. J Exp Psychol. 1956 Jan;51(1):79–88. [PubMed]
  • HANSON HM. Effects of discrimination training on stimulus generalization. J Exp Psychol. 1959 Nov;58:321–334. [PubMed]
  • HULL CL. Simple qualitative discrimination learning. Psychol Rev. 1950 Sep;57(5):303–313. [PubMed]
  • JENKINS HM, HARRISON RH. Effect of discrimination training on auditory generalization. J Exp Psychol. 1960 Apr;59:246–253. [PubMed]
  • JENKINS HM. The effect of discrimination training on extinction. J Exp Psychol. 1961 Feb;61:111–121. [PubMed]
  • LAWRENCE DH. The transfer of a discrimination along a continuum. J Comp Physiol Psychol. 1952 Dec;45(6):511–516. [PubMed]
  • MARGOLIUS G. Stimulus generalization of an instrumental response as a function of the number of reinforced trials. J Exp Psychol. 1955 Feb;49(2):105–111. [PubMed]
  • PIERREL R, SHERMAN JG. Generalization and discrimination as a function of the S-D-S delta intensity difference. J Exp Anal Behav. 1962 Jan;5:67–71. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • REID RL. Discrimination-reversal learning in pigeons. J Comp Physiol Psychol. 1958 Dec;51(6):716–720. [PubMed]
  • REYNOLDS GS. Behavioral contrast. J Exp Anal Behav. 1961 Jan;4:57–71. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • SPIKER CC. Effects of stimulus similarity on discrimination learning. J Exp Psychol. 1956 Jun;51(6):393–395. [PubMed]

Articles from Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior are provided here courtesy of Society for the Experimental Analysis of Behavior

Formats:

Related citations in PubMed

See reviews...See all...

Cited by other articles in PMC

See all...

Links

  • PubMed
    PubMed
    PubMed citations for these articles

Recent Activity

Your browsing activity is empty.

Activity recording is turned off.

Turn recording back on

See more...