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Appl Environ Microbiol. Jun 1997; 63(6): 2306–2310.
PMCID: PMC1389183

Enhanced Butanol Production by Clostridium beijerinckii BA101 Grown in Semidefined P2 Medium Containing 6 Percent Maltodextrin or Glucose

Abstract

Dramatically elevated levels of butanol and acetone resulted in higher butanol and total solvent yields for hyperamylolytic Clostridium beijerinckii BA101 relative to the NCIMB 8052 parent strain grown in semidefined P2 medium containing either 6% glucose or STAR-DRI 5 maltodextrin. C. beijerinckii BA101 consistently produced on the order of 19 g of butanol per liter in 20-liter batch fermentations. This represents a greater than 100% increase in butanol concentration by the BA101 strain compared to the parent NCIMB 8052 strain. The kinetics of butanol production over time also indicate a more rapid rate of butanol production by BA101 in semidefined P2 medium containing glucose or maltodextrin. The lower levels of butyric and acetic acids produced over the course of the fermentation carried out by BA101 are consistent with an enhanced capacity for uptake and recycling of these acids. C. beijerinckii BA101 appears to more completely utilize carbohydrate compared to the 8052 strain. Carbon balance following fermentation by C. beijerinckii 8052 and BA101 indicates that sufficient carbon is available for the twofold increase in butanol concentration observed during BA101 fermentations. C. beijerinckii BA101 also has superior solvent production capacity during continuous culture fermentation in P2 medium containing 6% glucose. Volumetric solvent yields of 0.78 and 1.74 g/liter/h for BA101 and 0.34 and 1.17 g/liter/h for NCIMB 8052 were obtained at dilution rates of 0.05 and 0.20 h(sup-1), respectively. No drift towards acid synthesis (strain degeneration) was observed for up to 200 h (d = 0.05 h(sup-1)) and 100 h (d = 0.20 h(sup-1)).

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Selected References

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