Logo of aemPermissionsJournals.ASM.orgJournalAEM ArticleJournal InfoAuthorsReviewers
Appl Environ Microbiol. Jun 1996; 62(6): 1922–1927.
PMCID: PMC1388869

Carbohydrate Utilization in Lactobacillus sake

Abstract

The ability of Lactobacillus sake to use various carbon sources was investigated. For this purpose we developed a chemically defined medium allowing growth of L. sake and some related lactobacilli. This medium was used to determine growth rates on various carbohydrates and some nutritional requirements of L. sake. Mutants resistant to 2-deoxy-d-glucose (a nonmetabolizable glucose analog) were isolated. One mutant unable to grow on mannose and one mutant deficient in growth on mannose, fructose, and sucrose were studied by determining growth characteristics and carbohydrate uptake and phosphorylation rates. We show here that sucrose, fructose, mannose, N-acetylglucosamine, and glucose are transported and phosphorylated by the phosphoenolpyruvate:carbohydrate phosphotransferase system (PTS). The PTS permease specific for mannose, enzyme II(supMan), was shown to be responsible for mannose, glucose, and N-acetylglucosamine transport. A second, non-PTS system, which was responsible for glucose transport, was demonstrated. Subsequent glucose metabolism involved an ATP-dependent phosphorylation. Ribose and gluconate were transported by PTS-independent permeases.

Full Text

The Full Text of this article is available as a PDF (283K).

Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Abe K, Uchida K. Non-PTS uptake and subsequent metabolism of glucose in Pediococcus halophilus as demonstrated with a double mutant defective in phosphoenolpyruvate:mannose phosphotransferase system and in phosphofructokinase. Arch Microbiol. 1990;153(6):537–540. [PubMed]
  • Stintzi A, Cornelis P, Hohnadel D, Meyer JM, Dean C, Poole K, Kourambas S, Krishnapillai V. Novel pyoverdine biosynthesis gene(s) of Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO. Microbiology. 1996 May;142(Pt 5):1181–1190. [PubMed]
  • Champomier MC, Montel MC, Grimont F, Grimont PA. Genomic identification of meat Lactobacilli as Lactobacillus sake. Ann Inst Pasteur Microbiol. 1987 Nov-Dec;138(6):751–758. [PubMed]
  • Chassy BM, Alpert CA. Molecular characterization of the plasmid-encoded lactose-PTS of Lactobacillus casei. FEMS Microbiol Rev. 1989 Jun;5(1-2):157–165. [PubMed]
  • Deutscher J, Reizer J, Fischer C, Galinier A, Saier MH, Jr, Steinmetz M. Loss of protein kinase-catalyzed phosphorylation of HPr, a phosphocarrier protein of the phosphotransferase system, by mutation of the ptsH gene confers catabolite repression resistance to several catabolic genes of Bacillus subtilis. J Bacteriol. 1994 Jun;176(11):3336–3344. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • de Vos WM, Boerrigter I, van Rooyen RJ, Reiche B, Hengstenberg W. Characterization of the lactose-specific enzymes of the phosphotransferase system in Lactococcus lactis. J Biol Chem. 1990 Dec 25;265(36):22554–22560. [PubMed]
  • Erni B, Zanolari B. The mannose-permease of the bacterial phosphotransferase system. Gene cloning and purification of the enzyme IIMan/IIIMan complex of Escherichia coli. J Biol Chem. 1985 Dec 15;260(29):15495–15503. [PubMed]
  • Gauthier L, Thomas S, Gagnon G, Frenette M, Trahan L, Vadeboncoeur C. Positive selection for resistance to 2-deoxyglucose gives rise, in Streptococcus salivarius, to seven classes of pleiotropic mutants, including ptsH and ptsI missense mutants. Mol Microbiol. 1994 Sep;13(6):1101–1109. [PubMed]
  • Grant IR, Patterson MF. A numerical taxonomic study of lactic acid bacteria isolated from irradiated pork and chicken packaged under various gas atmospheres. J Appl Bacteriol. 1991 Apr;70(4):302–307. [PubMed]
  • Hueck CJ, Hillen W. Catabolite repression in Bacillus subtilis: a global regulatory mechanism for the gram-positive bacteria? Mol Microbiol. 1995 Feb;15(3):395–401. [PubMed]
  • Hugas M, Garriga M, Aymerich T, Monfort JM. Biochemical characterization of lactobacilli from dry fermented sausages. Int J Food Microbiol. 1993 Apr;18(2):107–113. [PubMed]
  • Ledesma OV, De Ruiz Holgado AP, Oliver G, De Giori GS, Raibaud P, Galpin JV. A synthetic medium for comparative nutritional studies of lactobacilli. J Appl Bacteriol. 1977 Feb;42(1):123–133. [PubMed]
  • Liu ML, Kondo JK, Barnes MB, Bartholomew DT. Plasmid-linked maltose utilization in Lactobacillus ssp. Biochimie. 1988 Mar;70(3):351–355. [PubMed]
  • Montel MC, Champomier MC. Arginine catabolism in Lactobacillus sake isolated from meat. Appl Environ Microbiol. 1987 Nov;53(11):2683–2685. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Morishita T, Deguchi Y, Yajima M, Sakurai T, Yura T. Multiple nutritional requirements of lactobacilli: genetic lesions affecting amino acid biosynthetic pathways. J Bacteriol. 1981 Oct;148(1):64–71. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Fillmore M, Vogel-Sprott M. Expected effect of caffeine on motor performance predicts the type of response to placebo. Psychopharmacology (Berl) 1992;106(2):209–214. [PubMed]
  • Poolman B. Energy transduction in lactic acid bacteria. FEMS Microbiol Rev. 1993 Sep;12(1-3):125–147. [PubMed]
  • Postma PW. Galactose transport in Salmonella typhimurium. J Bacteriol. 1977 Feb;129(2):630–639. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Postma PW, Lengeler JW, Jacobson GR. Phosphoenolpyruvate:carbohydrate phosphotransferase systems of bacteria. Microbiol Rev. 1993 Sep;57(3):543–594. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Postma PW, Stock JB. Enzymes II of the phosphotransferase system do not catalyze sugar transport in the absence of phosphorylation. J Bacteriol. 1980 Feb;141(2):476–484. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Reizer J, Peterkofsky A, Romano AH. Evidence for the presence of heat-stable protein (HPr) and ATP-dependent HPr kinase in heterofermentative lactobacilli lacking phosphoenolpyruvate:glycose phosphotransferase activity. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1988 Apr;85(7):2041–2045. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Vadeboncoeur C, Gauthier L, Gagnon G, Leduc A, Brochu D, Lapointe R, Desjardins B, Frenette M. Properties of a Streptococcus salivarius spontaneous mutant in which the methionine at position 48 in the protein HPr has been replaced by a valine. J Bacteriol. 1994 Jan;176(2):524–527. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Veyrat A, Monedero V, Pérez-Martínez G. Glucose transport by the phosphoenolpyruvate:mannose phosphotransferase system in Lactobacillus casei ATCC 393 and its role in carbon catabolite repression. Microbiology. 1994 May;140(Pt 5):1141–1149. [PubMed]
  • Ye JJ, Neal JW, Cui X, Reizer J, Saier MH., Jr Regulation of the glucose:H+ symporter by metabolite-activated ATP-dependent phosphorylation of HPr in Lactobacillus brevis. J Bacteriol. 1994 Jun;176(12):3484–3492. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Ye JJ, Reizer J, Cui X, Saier MH., Jr Inhibition of the phosphoenolpyruvate:lactose phosphotransferase system and activation of a cytoplasmic sugar-phosphate phosphatase in Lactococcus lactis by ATP-dependent metabolite-activated phosphorylation of serine 46 in the phosphocarrier protein HPr. J Biol Chem. 1994 Apr 22;269(16):11837–11844. [PubMed]

Articles from Applied and Environmental Microbiology are provided here courtesy of American Society for Microbiology (ASM)

Formats:

Related citations in PubMed

See reviews...See all...

Cited by other articles in PMC

See all...

Links

Recent Activity

Your browsing activity is empty.

Activity recording is turned off.

Turn recording back on

See more...