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Ann Surg. May 1980; 191(5): 593–598.
PMCID: PMC1344744

Primary lymphoma of the gastrointestinal tract.


Primary gastrointestinal lymphoma represents approximately 1% of all gastrointestinal neoplasms. Gastric involvement is more common than small or large intestine and carries a better prognosis. Abdominal pain and weight loss may be the only manifestations and may be present for months or years before the diagnosis is made. Perforation and obstruction occur infrequently. Multiple tumors constitute 8% of cases. Although barium studies and endoscopy reveal the lesion in a high percentage of cases, exploratory celiotomy is not infrequently required for diagnosis. Only one-third of lymphomas are confined to the bowel at laparotomy. Histologically one-third are reticulum cell sarcomas and the remainder lymphosarcoma or lymphocytic lymphoma. Five year survival overall was 38%. Curative resections yielded a survival of 60% regardless of site while palliative resections offered only a 17% chance of cure. As expected, survival was inversely proportional to extent of nodal spread. Postoperative radiotherapy is recommended for residual disease.

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Selected References

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