• We are sorry, but NCBI web applications do not support your browser and may not function properly. More information
Logo of brjgenpracRCGP homepageJ R Coll Gen Pract at PubMed CentralBJGP at RCGPBJGP at RCGP
Br J Gen Pract. Oct 2002; 52(483): 799–804.
PMCID: PMC1316081

Using local authority data for action on health inequalities: the Caerphilly Health and Social Needs Study.


BACKGROUND: Primary care organisations in the United Kingdom have been given new and challenging population health responsibilities to improve health and address health inequality in local communities through partnership working with local authorities. This requires robust health and social needs assessment data for effective local planning. AIM: To assess the use and value of local authority data shared through partnership working between Caerphilly Local Health Group and Caerphilly County Borough Council. DESIGN OF STUDY: Cross-sectional analysis of aggregate electoral division data. SETTING: Caephilly County Borough, south-east Wales. METHOD: Local authority datasets identified were categorised into one of six domains: income, unemployment, housing, health, education, and social services. Data were presented at electoral division level as rates in thematic maps and correlations between the variables within and between each domain were explored using Spearman's rank correlation coefficient, with particular focus on children in families. Local planning documents were scrutinised to ascertain the use and value of the data. RESULTS: A broad range of data described a comprehensive picture of health and social inequalities within the borough. Multiple deprivation tended to cluster in electoral divisions, particularly for data relating to children, painting an overwhelming picture of inequality in life chances. The data were used in a wide range of local partnership planning initiatives, including the Health Improvement Programme, Children's Services Plan, and a successful Healthy Living Centre bid. CONCLUSION: Local authority data can help primary care organisations in a population approach to needs assessment for use in local partnership planning targeted at reducing health inequalities.

Full Text

The Full Text of this article is available as a PDF (130K).

Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Murie J, Hanlon P, McEwen J, Russell E, Moir D, Gregan J. Needs assessment in primary care: general practitioners' perceptions and implications for the future. Br J Gen Pract. 2000 Jan;50(450):17–20. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Smeeth L, Heath I. Why inequalities in health matter to primary care. Br J Gen Pract. 2001 Jun;51(467):436–437. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Beale N. Unequal to the task: deprivation, health and UK general practice at the millennium. Br J Gen Pract. 2001 Jun;51(467):478–485. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Saunders P, Mathers J, Parry J, Stevens A. Identifying 'non-medical' datasets to monitor community health and well-being. J Public Health Med. 2001 Jun;23(2):103–108. [PubMed]

Articles from The British Journal of General Practice are provided here courtesy of Royal College of General Practitioners


Related citations in PubMed

See reviews...See all...

Cited by other articles in PMC

See all...


  • PubMed
    PubMed citations for these articles

Recent Activity

Your browsing activity is empty.

Activity recording is turned off.

Turn recording back on

See more...