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Biophys J. Feb 2001; 80(2): 626–634.
PMCID: PMC1301262

Control of glycolytic dynamics by hexose transport in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.


It is becoming accepted that steady-state fluxes are not necessarily controlled by single rate-limiting steps. This leaves open the issue whether cellular dynamics are controlled by single pacemaker enzymes, as has often been proposed. This paper shows that yeast sugar transport has substantial but not complete control of the frequency of glycolytic oscillations. Addition of maltose, a competitive inhibitor of glucose transport, reduced both average glucose consumption flux and frequency of glycolytic oscillations. Assuming a single kinetic component and a symmetrical carrier, a frequency control coefficient of between 0.4 and 0.6 and an average-flux control coefficient of between 0.6 and 0.9 were calculated for hexose transport activity. In a second approach, mannose was used as the carbon and free-energy source, and the dependencies on the extracellular mannose concentration of the transport activity, of the frequency of oscillations, and of the average flux were compared. In this case the frequency control coefficient and the average-flux control coefficient of hexose transport activity amounted to 0.7 and 0.9, respectively. From these results, we conclude that 1) transport is highly important for the dynamics of glycolysis, 2) most but not all control resides in glucose transport, and 3) there should at least be one step other than transport with substantial control.

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Selected References

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