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Biochem J. Mar 1, 2001; 354(Pt 2): 249–257.
PMCID: PMC1221650

Characterization of KIAA1427 protein as an atypical synaptotagmin (Syt XIII).

Abstract

Synaptotagmin (Syt) belongs to a family of type-I membrane proteins and is a protein that consists of a short extracellular N-terminus, a single transmembrane domain, two C2 domains and a short C-terminus. Here, we cloned and characterized a mouse orthologue of human KIAA1427 protein as an atypical Syt (named Syt XIII). Subcellular fractionation and antibody-uptake experiments indicate that Syt XIII is indeed a type-I membrane protein, but, unlike other Syt isoforms, lacks an N-terminal extracellular domain. Syt XIII C2 domains show relatively little similarity to Syt I (less than 35% identity at the amino acid level), and lack key amino acids responsible for Ca2+ binding. Because of these substitutions, the Syt XIII C2 domains did not show Ca2+-dependent phospholipid-binding activity, and Syt XIII is thus classified as a Ca2+ -independent isoform. By contrast, the Syt XIII C-terminal domain is highly homologous with other Syt isoforms and can function as a common receptor for neurexin Ialpha in vitro. Since Syt XIII is expressed in various tissues outside the brain, Syt XIII may be involved in constitutive vesicle transport.

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Selected References

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