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Logo of mlabJournal informationSubscribeSubmissions on the Publisher web siteCurrent issue of BMLA in PMCAlso see JMLA journal in PMC
Bull Med Libr Assoc. Jan 2000; 88(1): 97–132.
PMCID: PMC122099

Proceedings, Ninety-ninth Annual Meeting Medical Library Association, Inc. Chicago, Illinois May 14–19, 1999

Steven J. Squires, Proceedings Editor1

The Medical Library Association, Inc. (MLA), held its Ninety-ninth Annual Meeting in Chicago, Illinois, May 14–19, 1999, at the Hyatt Regency Chicago. The daily newsletter, Perfection, provided highlights of daily activities and reports of activities of the previous day; four conference issues were published, Saturday, May 15–Tuesday, May 18. Total MLA meeting attendance was 2,479.


The Executive Committee met in the morning and early afternoon on Thursday, May 13. The Board of Directors held a preconference business and planning meeting beginning Thursday afternoon, May 13, and continuing through the next day, Friday, May 14. Also on Friday, a conference institute, “Prepared for Now … Primed for Tomorrow,” was held throughout the day.

On Saturday, May 15, the following national committees met: the Books Panel; Credentialing Committee; the 1999, 2000, and 2001 National Program Committees; and the Nominating Committee. In addition, the Chapter Council and Section Council held meetings. A Hospitality Center staffed by the Local Assistance Committee (LAC) was open for a total of fifty-eight hours, starting Thursday, May 13, to aid conference attendees with information about Chicago restaurants, shopping, transportation, and tourist attractions. The Placement Service was open for a total of thirty hours, beginning Sunday, May 16.

Late Saturday afternoon, May 15, an orientation session and tea were held for new MLA leaders; orientation sessions were also held for chapter chairs, committee chairs, section chairs, and new Section Council members.

That evening saw the opening of the Hall of Exhibits with a Welcome Reception for all attendees. Exhibits were open through Tuesday afternoon, May 18.


The 1998/99 Continuing Education Committee offered the following courses on May 14, 15, and 19: CE 111, The Joint Commission Standards: Management of Information and Beyond; CE 132, Copyright in the Age of Technology; CE 230, The Business Case: Your Key to Buy-in, Funding, Overcoming Resistance, and Initiating Change; CE 231, Creating Your Own Future: Strategic Planning and Strategic Action; CE 300, Consumer Health Information Services; CE 301, Making the Transition: Converting to PubMed & IGM to Search NLM's Databases; CE 332, Information Resources in Nursing; CE 333, Online Resources in Alternative Medicine; CE 334, Essentials of Database Searching; CE 345, Cancer Concepts and Resources; CE 346, Toxicology Web Resources at the NLM and Beyond; CE 357, Consumer Health Information on the Internet; CE 368, Developing a Consumer Health Information Service for the Web; CE 440, Searching NLM's Online Public Access Catalog via the Web; CE 451, Acquisitions; CE 500, Enhancing the Medical Intranet Knowledge Center; CE 531, Multimedia Basics; CE 562, Introduction to Telemedicine; CE 563, Planning for Institution-wide Information Integration: The IAIMS Model; CE 600 and 636, Critically Appraising the Gold: Evaluating Clinical Studies; CE 601, Evidence-based Medicine for Librarians: Panning for Gold; CE 602, The Care & Feeding of an Internet Training Program; CE 623, Continuing Medical Education and Health Sciences Libraries: Partnership Opportunities; CE 624, Creating Web-based Presentations; CE 635, Evidence-based Medicine: A Practicum; CE 637, Teaching the Adult Learner in the Library Setting; CE 700, Research Methods for the Health Sciences Librarian; CE 711, Granted! NLM Grants Demystified; CE 753, Evidence-based Librarianship; CE 764, Understanding Meta Analysis.

A day-long institute, “Prepared for Now … Primed for Tomorrow,” sponsored by MLA's Hospital Libraries Section, was held Friday, May 14.

The 27 preconference courses, 4 postconference courses, and institute had a total registration of 757.


Early Sunday, May 16, the Section Program Planners and the Veterinary Medical Libraries Section Executive Committee met. The following sections and SIGs held business meetings: Cancer Librarians, Chiropractic Libraries, Complimentary Medicine SIG, Consumer and Patient Health Information, Department of the Army Medical Command Libraries SIG, International Cooperation, Internet SIG, Lesbian/Gay/Bisexual Health Sciences Librarians SIG, Medical Library Education, Medical School Libraries, Mental Health Librarians, and Osteopathic Libraries SIG. The following other groups also held meetings: Evidence-based Medicine Librarians Working Group, the Friends of LIS, the Voyager Health Sciences Libraries, and Health Web.

Conference welcome

The opening session was convened by MLA President Jacqueline Donaldson Doyle, who welcomed members to the conference. Ms. Doyle recognized Sandra I. Martin, chair of the Midwest Chapter, who welcomed the MLA on behalf of the chapter. President Doyle also recognized Gaynor Davies, from the European Association of Health Information and Libraries (EAHIL) who made brief remarks. President Doyle then recognized Mark Funk, chair of the 1999 National Program Committee (NPC), and Robert Pisciotta, associate chair of the 1999 NPC, who thanked all those participating in the program and in program planning, other members of the NPC, and the MLA headquarters staff. Mr. Funk introduced Logan Ludwig, chair of the 1999 Local Assistance Committee (LAC). Dr. Ludwig welcomed the conference attendees to Chicago and recognized members of the LAC. President Doyle then recognized the many organizations that provided financial and in-kind contributions to the meeting.

Mark Funk then formally introduced MLA President Jacqueline Doyle, who gave the following presidential address.

Presidential address

Jacqueline Doyle: Good Morning!

About a year ago, I stood up here and thanked you for electing me as MLA president. At the risk of repetition, I stand before you … again … to thank you for a wonderful year. I'm sure every single MLA leader, presidents and board members alike, is full of a wide range of very mixed feelings at the end of a term. They include feelings of excitement, satisfaction, pleasure, and exhaustion. What an incredible year it has been for me!

I've traveled far and wide, and met many new colleagues and made new friends. I've had my brain stuffed with new ideas and facts that make my to-do lists get longer and longer with each trip. I've enjoyed the flora and fauna, food and drink, and traditions and customs of parts of this country I might never have visited were it not for MLA. Thank you for that.

After attending the meetings of six chapters and one state association, I was struck by what is to me an intriguing commonality … the recognition that our profession does indeed make a difference! I heard it in the formal presentations; I saw it at the meetings and poster sessions, at coffee and cocktails, and in poster sessions. What was and continues to be unique across these groups is the way we all work to make this contribution, as well as how we promote and communicate that contribution. We make a difference in the lives of our patrons; in the lives of their patients, students, and customers; and in the “life” of our organization. And, this profession makes a difference in our own lives. And, for making a difference in my life this past year, I do thank you. It was an honor and a great pleasure.

I also want to thank again the hardworking members of the NPC for this magical program. The week ahead of us is intriguing (as I knew it would be) and challenging. Thanks to all of you!

Your Board of Directors for 1998/1999 was truly a unique group of individuals. I recommend that you get to know them if you haven't already. I am honored to be a part of them. They truly represent the best qualities of our profession. They are highly intelligent, enthusiastic, dedicated, creative, and … quite funny! This past year we laughed a lot. We even got teary every once in a while. We interrupted each other in our enthusiasm and passion for the association and for our professional mission. We confirmed the value of what we do, and how important each and every one of us is to each other. We didn't always agree—with each other—or with you, our members. We didn't always agree with our staff. I've concluded that these differences promoted creativity. These differences enabled us to see things through others' eyes and walk in each others' moccasins. And I thank my fellow board members for making this past year so productive, dynamic, and satisfying, and for everything you did this year.

In addition to thanking you today, I wish to reacquaint you with our wonderful association. We are an association that represents and reflects an exciting, dynamic, challenging, and unpredictable-in-every-way profession—health sciences librarianship.

Part of our association work requires the existence of a common definition of an association—so let me begin with that. I'll begin with a sort of formal definition: a group of people with common interests, goals, needs, desires, who voluntarily come together to accomplish something that they feel is important, either to them as individuals, or to society, the world, the universe.

The energy that propels any association comes from two fronts. It comes from volunteer efforts—your efforts—and staff efforts, for which we volunteers are very grateful.

First, let's address what MLA is not:

It is not me, the president, or those officers and chairpeople, and it is not those people who work at headquarters. What MLA is, is all of those people. MLA is all the officers and chairpeople. MLA is the members of committees and task forces, and the people who are employed at headquarters. MLA is you. MLA is me. MLA is, truly, all of us. And what we accomplish and don't accomplish each year is the result of our work.

Every year you hear about our strategic plan, its priorities for the year, and how much we did and didn't accomplish. You can learn about the results of our deliberations and their outcomes in several ways. They're always noted in the MLA News. You can read the annual report produced this year in electronic form on MLANET, and available on request from headquarters. You can read the Year in Review, produced by our energetic headquarters staff. You can question us throughout the entire week. You can challenge section, committee, and chapter leaders, and we and you can participate in the business meetings and open forums scheduled for the week.

In addition to learning about our profession here this week, I hope you also take time to investigate your association. By Wednesday, I hope you will have learned something new about MLA. Probe, explore, and question everything! We've worked hard on your behalf—all of your leaders. But—remember—MLA is you. MLA is us! MLA is not the board or staff or chairpeople. It's everyone, all of us. The tangible and intangible results of our year's work belong to every member and every staffer.

Let's take a quick look at the benefits of membership in MLA. This is something we all need to do regularly, and your board does so with great frequency. Examining these benefits, including both products and services, is part of our annual goal setting and budget process. Annually, we need to determine if what we're doing is truly relevant and desirable.

I view MLA benefits as being both tangible and intangible. Tangibles include our conferences—this annual meeting—as well as your chapter and regional gatherings. Publications are another form of tangible benefits, including our brand-new Communications Toolkit found in your registration portfolio, our Deciphering Medspeak consumer-oriented brochure, and our Platform for Change, which continues to provide guidance in many ways. And, of course, our monographs, kits, journal, and the News are benefits of membership in MLA.

The intangibles, sometimes my favorites, include our network, the collegiality we have from working together both in person and electronically. Our association has a great and unique spirit, and with that spirit we celebrate and have fun. Lucretia has reminded us of our advocacy activities over the years, valuable to all. MLA has many useful partnerships, including those with NLM, JCAHO, AMIA, our vendors, and more. MLA provides people (volunteers and staff) to work for you, our members. And through MLA, we have formal and informal mentors and can gain experience and knowledge.

We have the distinction and privilege of doing something every day that changes peoples' lives. That aspect of our work is what makes us a profession. We can, if we choose, accept a mission that gives our users knowledge, skills, and data they need. What we give them can make them better at what they do, which strengthens whatever organization they serve. Those of us who serve health care consumers also affect people's lives and health. We can indeed, should we choose to, change lives.

I said earlier that our time together this week is for examination of both our profession and our association. Let's get back now to the nitty gritty of our organization. Those of you who attended regional and chapter meetings this year saw a list of objectives and projects. It's the project list your board generated in order to make a difference. We asked for your input about the value of these things, and, generally, you told us that we should charge ahead. There was some variation in response, but overall you told us these were important.

This week we also have the opportunity to work with some very sticky wickets. They can be classified in three broad areas. The first are Bylaws changes to consider and deliberate upon. If we vote to approve them here, they will go to the membership at large for a mail vote. We have the possibility of an association name change to consider and of a dues increase. All three are important to our future. I encourage you to participate in these discussions so that you can become informed decision makers.

I began by asking you to consider whether we have made a difference this year. I hope you will use that question throughout the week as a sort of guidepost. Consider whether your work at home makes a difference to your organization. Does our association work make a difference to the profession? Let us all agree that our profession does indeed make a difference and does indeed provide valued services to society. What we must work on this week is how we continue to do so, how we communicate what we do, and how to ensure that our association serves the profession.

I thank you for your kind attention, for your attendance at this meeting, and your willingness to examine our work together. Enjoy the week. I look forward to every minute of it … and hope you do as well.

And, thanks, once again, for the memories of the past year, and those we will create together this week!

Plenary Session I: The John P. McGovern Lecture: Future View: Toast of the Town or Just Plain Toast?

Introduction: Robert A. Pisciotta, associate chair, 1999 National Program Committee; Library Operations, Archie Dykes Library, University of Kansas City Medical Center, Kansas City, Missouri.

Speaker: Daniel Burrus, chief executive officer, Burrus Research Associates, Inc., Milwaukee, Wisconsin.

After the first Plenary Session, Chapter Council sponsored roundtable discussions for chapter members to informally share experiences and expertise over lunch. Discussion groups concentrated on the following topics: annual meeting planning, archives, bylaws, chairs/incoming chairs, communications/newsletters, continuing education, finance and chapter treasurers, governmental relations, Internet in libraries, Internet and security, intranets and libraries, leadership development, membership and recruiting, networking and collaboration, professional growth and development, research, and Web managers.

Business session I

The first business session was convened by President Jacqueline Doyle. She introduced Carla Funk, executive director of MLA, who introduced the members of the 1998/99 Board of Directors, the parliamentarian, the sergeant-at-arms, and the following appointed officers: Michael Homan, editor of the Bulletin of the Medical Library Association; Jean Demas, editor of the MLA News; Beryl Glitz, managing editor of books; Scott Garrison, MLANET editor; and Gillian Goldsmith, MEDLIB-L coordinator. She asked chapter chairs, section chairs, and SIG convenors to stand to be recognized, then committee chairs and MLA representatives.

Ms. Doyle returned to the podium and read the names of association members who had died during the past year: Louise Darling, Mildred Grandbois, Bernice M. Hetzner, Robert L. Hill, Claire R. McDonnell, Dean A. Schmidt, Jo-Anne M. Searle, and Frances H. Verble. She called for a moment of silence in honor of their memory.

Ms. Doyle then recognized members new to the organization, announcing that 540 new members had joined since the 1998 Annual Meeting, with nearly 100 of them in attendance at the conference. She next recognized authors and editors of MLA publications.

After verifying with the sergeant-at-arms that a quorum was present at the meeting, she called on MLA Secretary Diane Schwartz to move adoption of the Rules of the Assembly.

Diane Schwartz: The Rules of the Assembly include information on addressing the chair, presenting motions, debating, and voting. These rules are printed on page 47 of the Official Program. At the direction of the Board of Directors, I move that the Rules of the Assembly as printed in the 1999 Official Program be adopted.

President Doyle, hearing no discussion, called the question, and the motion was passed.

Diane Schwartz: A printed copy of the Official Program as proposed by the Board of Directors is in the hands of each registrant for this meeting. The agenda for the 1999 business meetings is found on pages 30 and 37 of the Official Program. By direction of the Board of Directors, I move that the agenda for the 1999 business meetings of the Medical Library Association be adopted.

President Doyle, again hearing no discussion, called the question, and the motion was passed.

Jacqueline Doyle: In January 1999, ballots for MLA's election of 1999/2000 officers, Board of Directors, and Nominating Committee members were mailed to 4,417 voting members of the Medical Library Association. A total of 1,631 ballots were returned. The Ad Hoc Election Task Force, chaired by Ruth Holst, counted the ballots at MLA headquarters on January 18, 1999. The election results were announced in the April issue of the MLA News, and complete election results, including vote totals, are published in the Nominating Committee's report in the 1998/99 Annual Report available on MLANET. Following are the election results: J. Michael Homan, AHIP, was elected president-elect. Julie J. McGowan, AHIP; Jocelyn A. Rankin, AHIP; and Jean P. Shipman, AHIP, were elected for three-year terms to the Board of Directors. Nancy Henry was elected at the 1998 Annual Meeting to serve a three-year term as section council liaison to the Board of Directors and will assume her position in 1999. The following were elected to the Nominating Committee: Virginia M. Bowden, AHIP; Karen Butter, AHIP; Dottie Eakin, AHIP; Dixie Alford Jones, AHIP; Joanne G. Marshall, AHIP; Debra C. Rand, AHIP; Julia Sollenberger, AHIP; Kay Cimpl Wagner, AHIP; and Elizabeth H. Wood, AHIP.

Next, President Doyle proceeded to new business, which consisted of proposals for and voting on bylaws amendments.

Jacqueline Doyle: The next business in order is to consider amendments to the Bylaws. In 1992, then-president Jacqueline Bastille appointed a Board of Director's task force to review the governance of the association. This was the first of several Governance Task Forces whose activities provided the foundation for a series of recommendations offered in the 1997 Governance Task Force report. The Governance Task Force report is available on MLANET, and information about board actions taken on the recommendations contained in the report were published in the August 1997 and April 1998 issues of the MLA News.

In preparation for the report, many individuals and units of the association were consulted. Past presidents and former members of the Board of Directors were surveyed on the structure and role of the board. Current and past chairs of standing committees were asked to assess the roles and relevance of their units. Members of Section Council and Chapter Council were involved in the preparation of the reports from those units.

At its preconference 1997 and winter 1998 meetings, the Board of Directors took action on the recommendations of the Governance Task Force report, some of which the members are asked to take action on today. In summary, the board:

  • [filled square] adopted recommendations to reduce the size of Section Council by eliminating the elected position of alternate and implementing a new structure based on the representative-elect model, and by approving procedures for appointing proxies for voting purposes;
  • [filled square] referred several recommendations to the Executive Committee for further study, including the issue of single-slate election for the office of president-elect. After further study, the board approved presenting for membership vote at the 1999 Annual Meeting the proposal to change the MLA Bylaws to a single-slate election for the office of president-elect;
  • [filled square] directed the Bylaws Committee to review the impact of the approved recommendations on the Bylaws of the association. The Bylaws Committee, in consultation with the professional parliamentarian, studied all of the board-approved recommendations and identified that the following motions will require amendments to the Bylaws:

  • [filled square] MOVED, that the size of the Section Council be reduced through the elimination of the elected position of alternate;
  • [filled square] MOVED, that the implementation of a new structure for Section Council based on the representative-elect model be approved;
  • [filled square] MOVED, that the Bylaws be changed to reflect the elimination of Section Council alternate and other changes as needed; and
  • [filled square] MOVED, that the MLA Board of Directors present for membership vote, at the MLA 1999 Annual Meeting, the proposal to change the MLA Bylaws to a single slate election for the office of president-elect.

Upon further direction of the board, the Bylaws Committee and professional parliamentarian recommended amendments to the Bylaws to be presented to the membership in the March 1999 issue of the MLA News.

Our first point in order is for discussion and amendment of the proposed amendments to the Bylaws.

Article XIV. Sections 1.B. and 2. of the Bylaws state:

Notice of proposed amendments recommended by the Board of Directors (or petitioned by a minimum of one hundred fifty voting members at least sixteen weeks before the start of the next Annual Meeting) shall be sent to each Voting Member at least nine weeks before the date of the meeting. The notice shall indicate the time and place of the next Annual Meeting where the proposed amendments will be considered. Opportunity shall be given at the Annual Meeting for debating and amending any properly proposed amendments to any part of the Bylaws.

Ms. Doyle asked the secretary, Diane Schwartz, if proper notice had been given. Ms. Schwartz confirmed that it was.

After Ms. Doyle reviewed the rules for motions and discussion, Elaine Johnston, chair of the Bylaws Committee, moved the following seven bylaws amendments. Each proposed amendment, along with its rationale and the ensuing discussion, follows in succession.

AMENDMENT #1: By direction of the Bylaws Committee, I move that this assembly recommend to the MLA membership by mail ballot that Article V. Section 3. be amended by striking out the words “two nominees” and inserting the words “one nominee” [for president-elect] and “two nominees” [for each director].

Rationale: In its report, the Governance Task Force noted that “Nominating committees in recent years have experienced some difficulty in finding candidates to run for president-elect of MLA. This has varied from year to year but still remains a concern. Concern has been expressed over the small pool of candidates. The goal of the Nominating Committee is to have the best slate possible. Once a candidate is defeated, there may be reluctance to stand for election again. This shrinks the pool even more.

In a survey of 1,596 associations published in ASAE's 1996 Policies and Procedures in Association Management, 53% of these associations nominated only one candidate for election; 47% nominated more than one candidate. In surveying other major national library associations—the American Library Association, the Special Libraries Association, and the American Association of Law Libraries—all have competitive elections. AAHSL has a single-slate election for their board and president.

Some advantages of single-slate elections include:

  • [filled square] it is easier to develop a slate of good candidates because the association retains a pool of strong candidates longer;
  • [filled square] the association does not waste good candidates who lose;
  • [filled square] single-slate elections promote a collegial atmosphere in the association;
  • [filled square] and single-slate elections may be slightly less costly.

Some disadvantages include:

  • [filled square] the association may lose energy generated by candidates' written statements of objectives;
  • [filled square] the association may be perceived as undemocratic, cliquish.

Some advantages of competitive elections include:

  • [filled square] they maintain the energy of the association by annually addressing concerns about the association;
  • [filled square] they create a perception of fairness and democratic organization.

Some disadvantages of a competitive election include:

  • [filled square] they reduce the pool of good candidates more quickly;
  • [filled square] the association sometimes loses unsuccessful candidates for other leadership positions;
  • [filled square] competitive elections occasionally create ill will among the membership;
  • [filled square] competitive elections are slightly more costly.

The recommendations of the Governance Task Force related to single-slate elections are:

  • [filled square] that the association adopt a single-slate election for the office of president-elect while maintaining a competitive slate for board positions and for the Nominating Committee;
  • [filled square] that the Nominating Committee be charged with selecting the candidate for president-elect using written guidelines approved by the board; and
  • [filled square] that members, as is current practice, continue to be able to petition to put on the ballot for all elected positions; members may also continue to write in candidates of their choice.


Thomas Williams, University of South Alabama, Mobile: Anyone who is on any e-mail discussion list the past year probably knows my views in two minutes. It boils simply down to this: I think to change the Bylaws to reflect this would seriously affect our credibility as an association. Also, the reasons given that I have heard are that it's very difficult to get two members willing to run every year. What I think we need to look at is what it is about our association or our association membership's lack of commitment that prevents us from getting two candidates. We have been getting them for the last twenty or thirty years. And I think our pool in past elections that I am aware of have involved outstanding candidates. I really believe that this would adversely affect our credibility with other professional associations.

You can't really compare apples and oranges. You mentioned AAHSL, which has less than 200 people, where the others are a thousand strong, and we, with 5,000 members with over 4,000 individual members—I don't know if there is any professional association of that size that has single-slate. Certainly not the library associations that I am familiar with. I think this is a bad idea. It would not serve us well at all.

James Pat Craig, Louisiana State University, Shreveport: I wish to speak against this motion. The way it is presented as a single candidate, it is not a slate of candidates. You have one candidate. It is in effect a de facto appointment of a president by the people. I can think of no candidate who has lost an election for presidency in my years in MLA who has ceased to work for the association. I know personally many candidates who have run a second time. So, I don't think that is a good argument.

I would also like to know, and I would like for the board to publish, a list of the candidates who have been identified, if there is such a list, because we keep hearing about the pool of candidates. The whole organization is a pool of candidates to me, not just a group that has been identified.

T. Scott Plutchak, University of Alabama, Birmingham: In trying to come to terms with my own position on this issue, I have found it useful to try to look at the actual implications of this change on the process that we now use, and I found that many people don't actually understand what the process is. I want to take just two minutes to kind of review that process.

We go through a very elaborate mechanism to develop a nominating committee, which draws from the sections, which draws from the chapters, which draws from the membership at large to create a group, to try to come up with people who are willing to run. That group then develops a list of candidates who they feel best represent the pool of talents and the pool of abilities. The way the process then works, after that list has been developed, is that, one by one, members of the committee go to the people on that list and attempt to get people to run for office. If the first person on the list, for whatever reason, can't run, you go to the second person on the list, the third person, and so on until you have achieved a slate. The current motion does not change that process, so it's important to realize that going from the current dual slate to a single slate does not change that list of candidates.

What that means is that if we had been operating under the single slate for the last several years, the president of the association would be the person who was actually elected; or the person they ran against, if that person's name had been higher up on the original list; or someone who had been even higher on the original list but for whatever reason felt that they could not run in an election.

Now, if you look at who we have actually run, it seems to me that to argue for the continuance of dual slate, you have to believe that the association would be so much worse off if the other candidates had won, that it would be worth the trouble to continue the current process.

Jana Bradley, Indiana University, Indianapolis: From my viewpoint, the major reason for opposing this motion is the advantage of a double slate, and that in my view is an office choice. The members have two different people to choose from and maybe the same person will run again and they will have another slate. But the choice to me is an important part of who we are as MLA and who we are as Americans, I think. It sounds sappy, but I do believe it's true.

My second point is that in addition to its being an office choice, what is the problem? Do we really have a problem with a small pool? I think what we clearly do have is that sometimes the Nominating Committee has to go down a number of people—five, six, seven, even nine, or ten—before they get a second member to run. However, those ten people don't represent, in my view, a problem with a small pool. We have many, many qualified people in this association. It does mean that possibly in the first ten that this Nominating Committee thought of, there is not somebody who can manage to run at this time because of all sorts of reasons, not necessarily because they are afraid to be defeated.

I think we have to look at the past that we have had. Even though sometimes the Nominating Committee has had to spend extra time and maybe identify another round of ten people, there are plenty of good people in our association. Given the fact that choice is a good thing and that I don't think we have a pool problem, I don't know why we are doing this.

W. D. Postell, Tulane University, New Orleans: The whole purpose of a nominating process and election is to choose the very best candidate. How we do that can be without a slate, but the fact is that a Nominating Committee brings to it a certain dynamic that is unique to that committee. To ask the committee to choose two candidates to run is asking the impossible, because neither of those two candidates will be perfectly alike and qualified and equal in all respects save perhaps for dress or personality. There is thus no choice and it is a sham. If you had a double nominating process, for instance, as the democrats and republicans do, that would have some substance to it. But again, if you can't get two candidates and you start going down the list, you eventually come to a situation where the candidates are not equal. In that case, the Nominating Committee has been malfeasant and should probably be thrown over.

The other reason I think that we should remember what we are involved with here is the fact that competition, of course, is necessary in life. We are all better for it, I suppose. However, we don't have to run our association on a Darwinian model, red fang and claw. Cohesion is very important in a society like ours, and I think the residue of bitterness by losing candidates diminishes our collegiality, For that reason, I support the amendment.

Dalia Kleinmuntz, Evanston Hospital, Illinois: Let me say for the sake of this discussion that I am in full agreement with all of the reasons that were given pro why one slate of officers will be acceptable. If that is what we are going to be doing, I would like to suggest a further step to help the organization, vis-´-vis costs and processes and so forth. Why hold elections at all? Just nominate the slate and let's be done with it. We are putting full faith in our Nominating Committee and the selection process and let's be done with it. Thank you.

Tom Fleming, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario: I want to speak against this amendment as well. It seems to me that the importance of the selection process that goes into an election should not be underestimated here. It seems to me that as long as we have an election process in which there are at least two candidates for the office of president, then it's the membership who actually make the final selection. When we have a selection process in which only a single candidate comes out of a very balanced and very reasonable and very careful nominating process, it's the Nominating Committee that makes that selection, significantly reducing the input in that selection.

In fact, what happens is it's only the Nominating Committee who actually gets to positively choose the candidate. All the rest of us get to say no if we don't want the one candidate who gets on the ballot, so it becomes a negative process rather than a positive one. It doesn't seem to me that it's any longer democratic. It's just, no, we don't want that candidate if we don't want that candidate. It seems to me that it changes the tenor of an election in this association. For those reasons, I will oppose this motion.

Wayne Peay, University of Utah, Salt Lake City: I would like to speak in favor of the amendment, as a member of the association who ran for president and was good at beating the process. I can't say that it resulted in any record on my part, although it did kind of have a funny emotional response. I think the fact is that to run for president, you have to be willing to make a huge commitment. I mean if you are going to do the job right, it's a hell of a lot of time. For me to run for president, I thought was impossible. I would be out of that library for a lot of time. Then I had the pleasure of going back and saying you get to see me more often than you thought. I think that this at best should be a collegial process. I don't know that competition is what we always need. I have served on the Nominating Committee twice and seen how hard it is; it is a hard job working your way through. In some instances, it's a sad process, because you identify quality candidates who then go back to their job and their boss who says, no, you can't run, you have to be here, we pay you to be here. In one instance, one of the most distinguished members of our profession did not serve as president of this association because it was not possible to leave the job. This is not a bowling club. This is an organization, an association of professionals whom we wish to recognize as our best. I have served on that Nominating Committee and that's a wonderful cross section of this association, elected by the association, who work in its best interest. I can't say that I would always agree with the process that is proposed here, but I would respect it and I think it would serve us well. So I would like to speak in favor of this and urge its passage. Thank you.

Ed Holtum, University of Iowa: I guess I may be naive and need some clarification. If a person has trouble receiving permission from his or her employer to run, how is it possible then that that person may have permission to actually serve in that capacity. It seems to me that part of the argument has to do with going back and saying, can I run, you won't see me in the office. On the other hand, if you are president of the association, it seems to me like once that happens, you have even more of a time obligation, so I don't quite understand that.

The other very small point I want to make is that we have the knowledge of one thing when we come to meetings every year and we see the person standing in front of us. And that is knowledge that the majority of the people who voted, voted for that person. The point was made earlier on the pro side about the residue of rank—that is perhaps an individual personality thing. But there is another residue of, not necessarily rank, but maybe just disenchantment to know and come to the meetings when someone is standing in front of you whom you did not elect, or even de facto elect. For that reason I want to express my concern for the con side.

Jim Shedlock, Northwestern University, Chicago: I would just make an observation in terms of looking at the tally of the votes that are counted and speak to the issue of commitment and choice. It was noticeable to me, looking at the vote counts of past elections, that the members themselves are not making the commitment to vote, let alone the point of trying to find people who want to stand for election. The vote count to me is quite low. People don't take advantage of their vote. In talking with people and having some experience myself with counting ballots, when you look at them, it is somewhat noticeable to see how many of the ballots are actually blank with only one person voting for the only person they may know. So people aren't taking advantage of the choice. They are just only voting for the people that they happen to know. It seems to me a good thing to have a Nominating Committee that could really put some deep thought into finding both candidates, maybe even possibly going through the process of interviewing good people so they can gather the information themselves as a small group, and then present a candidate for the rest of us to approve. If we don't approve, we do have the extra process of going through and creating a petition and offering a second candidate in any given year. Thank you.

Richard Wood, Texas Tech University, Lubbock: I would like to speak against this motion. I've personally run for the South Central chair twice and I have been defeated both times. I do not feel in any way diminished by the loss of either of those elections. I think that we can have elections and we can lose elections and we can still be vital, caring, working members of this association. I think we are better than this. Thank you.

Fred Roper, University of South Carolina: The Governance Task Force certainly had, in making our recommendation, no wish to spare the time of a democracy. It was our firm belief that the Nominating Committee would be in control. Their goal is to have the best possible slate. I look upon this amendment as a kind of empowerment. It's optional because it would make it possible if there was a lot of difficulty in getting a slate together to have just the one slate. I would see this as an option that can be utilized in the committee that is experiencing great difficulty. But I think the main point that I would like to make is that there are only 250 or 260 of us in the room today. I hope that we would make it possible for all the membership to have an opportunity to vote on this and to be able to send this out to ballot so that the entire membership would have the opportunity to vote.

Phyllis Mirsky, University of California, San Diego: I'm a past president of the association. I have had the privilege of serving on three Nominating Committees. I know how very hard that process is. Having run for office, I found myself running against a very dear close friend. We joke about it but it was very, very hard. I think it's kind of difficult to bring up issues of democracy and choice when, in essence, there isn't a lot of difference among the leadership. We may come from different organizations, but we don't have platforms that are appreciably different, so I don't know on what basis people are making choices. It's perhaps whom you served on a committee with or whom you know from your own region, but not necessarily that you are making a choice based on a platform or a direction that you think a specific individual would go. There are quite a few people that I know who have run for office whom I'm sorry were not president. I think we do lose.

I think a single-slate would have allowed us to have some very good people. I think there are a lot of people who chose not to run because they don't like the election process. And my final comment is to reinforce what Fred Roper said. I think the whole association needs to vote on this.

Regina Lee, Mary Kay, Dallas, Texas: I think each of us has our own little story of where we might have had a personal failure, where we have lost in a competitive situation. And at times it's pretty devastating to lose. But if we are professionals, we don't let our egos stand in the way of our professional commitments. I think many of us have served on Nominating Committees where it's been very difficult to find qualified candidates who were willing to run. But what it did was made us think a little bit harder about the people we knew and to find out a little bit about the people we knew and to find out a little bit about the people we didn't know. And, you know, quite frequently, we found very qualified candidates who did not initially come to mind who were able to bring to our organizations a breath of fresh air and a freedom of thought that wasn't born of the old school.

Tom Williams, University of South Alabama, Mobile: One last thing on the process of selecting a Nominating Committee. As it now stands, and I think this is what needs revision, six potential nominees are selected from Section Council, six from Chapter Council, and six are appointed by the board. So it's conceivable in any given year that six of the nine people who are on the Nominating Committee are actually appointed by the board. I don't know if that has ever happened, but we need not forget that. I personally think that that is something that needs revision, that whole process of selecting the nominees for the Nominating Committee.

Erich Meyerhoff: I chaired the committee that originally put the double-slate into operation. And I agreed with the point of view that it's time for the membership to review this. At the time when it was put in, there were distinct political differences. There was a problem about a true assertion of democratic will within this organization. This does not exist anymore, in my opinion. But it doesn't matter. I think it's time to review this process and to put it before the membership. Thank you.

Karen Brewer, New York University Medical Center: I'm standing here not because I'm pro or con but it's the closest mike and I just have a question. The new wording says annually a slate of a least one nominee. So it's possible that the Nominating Committee could come up with a slate for two people, yes? And also, do the Bylaws have a provision for write-in candidates?

Jacqueline Doyle: The answer to both questions is yes.

Dick Miller, Stanford University Medical Center, Stanford, California: Reference was made to the guidelines to the Nominating Committee. Can someone apprise us of what the guidelines of the Nominating Committee would entail?

Jacqueline Doyle: Our parliamentarian advised us that we can give that to you after, but there is not time for it during the session. We can certainly find it for you.

Naomi Broering, Texas Medical Center Library, Houston, Texas: I chaired the Nominating Committee last year. Just as a point of information, the guidelines are in the directory and in the Bylaws. You get two different sections covering two aspects of it. So that's available in everybody's printed versions.

There being no further discussion, the question was called and the motion was passed with 178 in favor and 168 against.

Ms. Doyle: There being a majority in the affirmative, you are recommending to the membership adopting revisions to Article V. Section 3.

AMENDMENT #2: By direction of the Bylaws Committee, I move that Article V. Section 6.B. be amended by deleting the word “Candidates” and inserting the words “A candidate.”

Rationale: This editorial change is required as a result of adopting amendment 1 that calls for a single-slate election.

There being no discussion, President Doyle called the question and the motion was passed.

AMENDMENT #3: By direction of the Bylaws Committee, I move to amend Article XII. Section 3.A. by replacing the word “Representatives” with the word “Representatives-Elect,” and replacing the word “one-third” with the word “one-half.”

Rationale (provided by Pat Thibodeau): This amendment and the following amendments 4 through 7 reflect work that began in 1993 when the Section Council began to look at ways to streamline its operation and structure. After surveying council members, it became clear that alternates were underutilized. The underutilized alternate position also makes potential candidates for other offices or leadership activities unavailable for three years. The majority of Section Council members and section officers thought the position should be eliminated. However, members of the council realize the alternate positions also provided training opportunities for the position of representative. The position of representative-elect was proposed, which provided a one-year term for learning about the council and for backup to the full representative. After the first term, the representative-elect becomes a full representative for another two years. Since the term of the full representative is only for two years, the election scheduled for council members will change every two years, instead of every three years, with half of the sections electing a representative-elect each year. A detailed implementation plan for phasing in the new election schedule has been developed and was published in the March issue of the MLA News and is included in your handout at this meeting.


Margaret Zeller, Tulane Medical Center, New Orleans, Louisiana: The way this reads to me, it means that I can vote for the members of the Section Council, any section, and I am not a member of any section. Should “elected voting members of the association” be “voting members of the section?”

Pat Thibodeau: I believe that statement means you have to be a voting member of the association. You have to be a voting member of the association to be a voting member of the section. That's why it's general.

Margaret Zeller: But this sounds like any voting member of the association can vote on any section election. That's my question.

Pat Thibodeau: Only paid section members would receive the ballot, and then they have to be voting members of MLA. The wording in the proposed Bylaw change does say that each section shall be selected in accordance with the Bylaws of that section, so it does indicate in the proposed new wording that the Bylaws of that section do come into play. The Bylaws would probably indicate that you had to be a member of the section to vote.

Margaret Zeller: If the Section Council is happy with it, I will leave it.

Hearing no further discussion, President Doyle called the question and the motion was passed.

AMENDMENT #4: By direction of the Bylaws Committee, I move that Article XII. Section 3.B. be amended by striking out all of the current wording and inserting a new Article XII. Section 3.B.

Rationale (provided by Pat Thibodeau): This amendment describes the terms of the representative-elect position. The first year is spent as the representative-elect and then the person serves as a full representative for the next two years. The representative-elect provides backup if the representative is unable to attend a meeting and fills the position of representative if the representative cannot complete the full term.

Hearing no discussion, President Doyle called the question and the motion was passed.

AMENDMENT #5: By direction of the Bylaws Committee, I move to insert a new Article XII. Section 3.C. in place of the current Article XII. Section 3.C.

Rationale (provided by Pat Thibodeau): During the council's discussion, sections indicated that a more flexible proxy voting process was needed. In the past, if a representative and alternate could not attend the meeting, the section did not have a vote in the council. This proposed amendment allows a section to appoint an officer of the section to have a vote on the council if the council members are unable to attend.

Hearing no discussion, President Doyle called the question and the motion was passed.

AMENDMENT #6: By direction of the Bylaws Committee, I move that Article XII. Section 3.C. be amended by renaming the current Article XII. Section 3.C. as Article XII. Section 3.D.

Rationale (provided by Pat Thibodeau): This amendment does not involve any changes to the current wording. This simply changes the subsection from C to D to allow the addition of the section on proxy voting.

Hearing no discussion, President Doyle called the question and the motion was passed.

AMENDMENT #7: By direction of the Bylaws Committee, I move that a new Article XII. Section 3.E. be established.

Rationale (provided by Pat Thibodeau): This new amendment stresses how a section proceeds if both positions of representative and representative-elect become open. If this occurs, the section appoints a replacement who serves until the next scheduled election. Since both positions are vacant, the person elected at that time becomes full representative immediately and serves in that capacity for the full three-year term.

Hearing no discussion, President Doyle called the question and the motion was passed.

President Doyle: This brings our discussion of the Bylaws amendments to a close. The amendments and a summary of your discussion will be forwarded to all voting members with a mail ballot for their consideration and vote later this summer. I'd like to thank all of the individuals who spent many hours working on these issues. Especially, I'd like to recognize all members of the Governance Task Force, the Bylaws Committee, members of Section Council, and Pat Thibodeau, Section Council chair, for all of your outstanding work on behalf of the association. If members of these committees are here today, would you please stand and be recognized.

President Doyle called on the MLA Treasurer, Linda Watson, to present her report.

Linda Watson: At last year's annual meeting, the start of our Centennial Celebration, I gave you a flavor of the historical financial past of our association—a look back to the early part of the century. Today, I will look back only as far as 1998 with my report—our financial year in review. But really, as is true of this entire meeting, at this, the close of our Centennial Celebration, I want to look ahead to the next century and the challenges before us.

At the end of the 1998 fiscal year (December 31, 1998), the association's Operating Budget showed revenues of $2,568,057, expenses of $2,574,447 and fund transfers of $24,626. Net Assets increased $18,236. Revenues and expenses both grew 13% from 1997. MLA finished the year in the black due to investment income and significant net revenues from non-dues sources.

Accounting for the revenue increase was a spectacular annual meeting in Philadelphia, which finished with income 9% over budget and 17% ahead of last year. Our continuing education program, with its year-long evidence-based practice focus, finished 5% ahead of budgeted revenue and a whopping 45% over last year. Results for both were enhanced by excitement generated by the centennial. Dues represented only 22% of revenue, continuing a downward trend. Investments produced a 13.1% gain for the Association Stabilization Fund (Reserves) and in the endowment portfolio. As you will recall, our investments are made in the ratio of about 56% stocks, 36% bonds, and 8% cash (or money market funds).

Speaking of spectacular meetings, this meeting here in Chicago is also shaping up to be a winner. Its success will be credited to many, but I'd like to highlight the importance of the 1999 NPC fund-raising effort, which to date has raised $75,500 for this meeting. And of course, we must thank the sponsors who provided those funds that will enrich the meeting experience for all of us. They are truly our friends. I refer you to a list of the sponsors that appears on page 3 of the Official Program with two additions—BIOSIS and SIRSI. I would like to suggest that as you walk through the Hall of Exhibits and meet exhibitors with red sponsor ribbons on their badges, you might say “thanks for being a sponsor.” They will appreciate your noticing that they helped make the meeting better. Can I ask for a round of applause in appreciation for the efforts of both the NPC and our sponsors!

Some of the credit for MLA's excellent financial performance in 1998 should also go to all headquarters staff who work hard to maximize every dollar we have, but most especially to Carla Funk, executive director, and to my most valued colleague, Ray Naegele, the association's director of financial and administrative services.

Sources of significant expenses last year included MLANET ($74,858). Since 1997, MLA has spent $191,026 to develop and maintain MLANET for you as an important member resource and communication tool. Other major expenses were public relations, including the Centennial Celebration, and promoting the value and image of medical librarians ($167,385), annual meeting promotion ($33,444), and meeting equipment and Internet connections ($95,238), an expense that grows every year.

A significant accomplishment in 1998 was the development and approval by the board of the following policy and procedures for commercial relationships: “The Medical Library Association may establish carefully defined non-exclusive commercial relationships with for-profit and not-for-profit entities when such relationships are in the best interest of the association and its members.” This will provide us the guidance we need to actively pursue relationships that can add value for MLA members, especially for institutional members.

Now to the future. Every September, the Board of Directors meets to review our strategic plan and the goals established for the association. We try to assess where information technology and health care are moving, and how health sciences librarians can play a leadership role in those evolving futures. We try to determine how the Medical Library Association can position itself with its collective member power as well as position individual members to make a significant contribution to that future. We hope to enhance our own personal achievements and status, both financial and otherwise as well. That September meeting is very intense! At the end, we emerge with the framework for a business plan and strategic initiatives for the following year.

The 1999 Business Plan was adopted by the Board of Directors in December 1998 and appeared in the April 1999 issue of MLA News. I believe you also received a copy in your registration packet as part of the Year in Review publication. The 1999 budget shows revenues of $2,508,400 (similar to the 1998 budget figures) and expenses of $2,662,313 (a 7% increase over last year, reflecting new strategic priorities). The deficit of $153,913 is covered by transfers from Shaping Our Future Funds, which the association has used in the past for new initiatives as intended, and from the association's Stabilization (Reserve) Fund. The projected bottom line at the end of December 1999 is $252. Dues will provide 24% of MLA's revenues, with the remaining 76% of revenues provided by entrepreneurial and cost-recovery program areas.

We made some tough choices for this year. A decision to transfer about $95,000 from our reserve fund was not made lightly and cannot be a regular strategy to sustain our new and important initiatives. At the Open Forum tomorrow at 3:00 p.m. and at the second Business Meeting at 4:00 p.m. on Tuesday, we hope you will all join us, your Board of Directors, to discuss the future of our association and how we plan to financially support that future. I'm sure it will be a lively discussion. I know it is an important one for all of us.

Ms. Watson asked for questions concerning her report.

Ms. Doyle then called on Carla Funk for her Executive Director's Report.

Carla Funk: This is the eighth time I have stood before you to give an annual report from the staff headquarters' viewpoint on what happened during the past year. We had a year of changing places and changing faces.

We moved headquarters' offices after ten years of being on Michigan Avenue. We moved to 65 East Wacker Place. It was fairly uneventful. We decided not to close during the move and the only thing we lost was a cable. MLANET was down for only a little while. The hard working staff is to be appreciated, and they appreciate your patience and understanding during the move. It was fabulous.

We have lost some of our colleagues at work this year. Zack Seaman, our Web manager, went to work for corporate America. Eli Ventura retired after eleven years with the association. Beth Ruddy decided to remain home with her twin daughters. And Nora Gomez left for another position. But at the same time, we welcome some new colleagues this year: Chao Cheng, Tom Pacetti, and Anne Greenspan. Our latest employee is Tasha Davis, who you sometimes talk to when you call MLA.

We also have some firsts and some near-firsts this year. Our continuing education (CE) program provided CE to over 10,000 enrollees this year. This is a fantastic, amazing number for an association our size. That represents a fabulous job by our CE committee.

We had the second highest number of new members this year, at 536. I think this bodes well for our future. People are going out the pipeline on one end, but they are coming in on the other end. We do have to keep that balance.

We have some firsts also regarding MLANET. I took a speech class this year and the speech teacher told me that every time I mention the Internet I smile. I don't feel that way inside, but I must really feel that way, because it was true when I looked at my videotape. I say Internet and MLANET and I smile, because it allows us to do so many things. We have the Educational Clearinghouse up on MLANET to help people find CE opportunities. We have the Legislative Action Center, the latest thing that the Governmental Relations Committee and staff have been working on, that allows you to put in your zip code, contact your congressmembers by electronic mail, and let them know your views on issues. We also are going to put the salary survey up this year for the very first time. Jacque mentioned that we had the annual report in electronic form, for the first time.

So, MLANET is, as we know, a rich source of information about the association, about our issues, about who we are, and it links us to many other groups of people. It takes a lot of human resources and financial resources to support it, as those of you who are developing your own Web pages know.

We also had some other firsts. Our books are now on Amazon.com and Barnes&Noble.com.

We sent out our first MLA Focus in September, and that is going to all members with e-mail. About 83% of our members have e-mail now.

We recently put out Copyright Clearance Center information. Legislative Actions will be going out to all members. It's becoming popular. I'm getting requests to put things out now. We are going to try to keep it short. We are going to try to keep it on a regular basis, but not so frequently that you automatically delete it when you see it come up.

We also have one new award and one changed award established. First, the Lucretia McClure Award for Excellence in Education will be presented for the first time this year at the awards luncheon to recognize our excellent CE instructors. We realize that we had forgotten them. Also, the Lois Ann Colaianni Award for Excellence in Achievement in Hospital Librarianship is going to be awarded. This is not a new award but a change in its title, to honor Lois Ann in her retirement.

Also, probably for the first time, the president of the Medical Library Association was quoted on National Public Radio. We were recognized in the Wall Street Journal as a profession and in many newspapers across the country.

We distributed over 14,000 of our new brochures to health sciences librarians, but also to the public and to other kinds of librarians, which we find very useful.

It was quite a year. It was a very successful year for us and hopefully for the members. We hope that our efforts on your behalf have made a difference in your professional lives. We hope in the coming year again to try very hard to—in Sandra Martin's words—help you and not the bear. Thank you.

President Doyle then asked that the annual reports of appointed officials, councils, committees, representatives, chapters, and sections, as available on MLANET, be received in a block. She called for corrections, amendments, or questions concerning the reports. Hearing none, she requested that these reports be filed as presented to the Medical Library Association. Ms. Doyle then recognized members of the Academy of Health Information Professionals, which now includes 573 distinguished members, 387 senior members, 385 members, and 70 provisional members. Those present were asked to stand. With that, President Doyle adjourned the meeting until Tuesday afternoon.

Section programming I

Seven program sessions were scheduled for the late afternoon on Sunday:

Chiropractic Libraries and Veterinary Medical Libraries Sections. Joint Invited Speakers Session: Going to the Dogs: Unusual Trends in Health Care for Man and Beast

Moderator: Marcia Thomas, Ruth R. Cleveland Memorial Library, Cleveland Chiropractic College, Kansas City, Missouri.


Complementary Modalities in Veterinary Medicine: Robert Schaeffer, St. Louis, Missouri.

Chiropractic and Veterinary Medicine: An Adjustment in Thinking: Carl DeStephano, Glen Ellyn, Illinois.

Collection Development Section. Invited Speakers Session: Global Mergers & Local Acquisitions: Impetus and Impact

Moderator: Jonathan Eldredge, Collections and Information Resources Department, Health Sciences Center Library, School of Medicine, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque.

Introduction: Jett McCann, EBSCO Information Services, Birmingham, Alabama.


Concentration of Publishing in Fewer Hands: Good, Bad, or Irrelevant?: John E. Cox, International Publishing Consultant, John Cox Associates, Towcester, Northants, United Kingdom.

Academic Journal Pricing and Market Power: A Portfolio Approach: Mark McCabe, School of Economics, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta.

Medical Informatics, Hospital Libraries, Medical School Libraries, and Research Sections. Joint Invited Panel Session: A Medical Informatics Research Agenda for the Next Century

Moderator: Debra S. Ketchell, Health Sciences Libraries, University of Washington, Seattle.


Valerie Florance, won.ereh@htlaehretteb, Association of American Medical Colleges, Washington, DC; Walter B. Panko, School of Biomedical and Health Information Sciences, University of Illinois, Chicago; Gary D. Byrd, Health Sciences Library, University at Buffalo, New York; and Joan S. Ash, Library and Medical Informatics, Biomedical Information Communication Center, Oregon Health Sciences University, Portland.

Medical Library Education Section. Invited Speakers Session: Education for Medical Librarians

Moderator: Clinton M. Thompson, Bird Health Sciences Library, Health Sciences Center, University of Oklahoma, Oklahoma City.


Preparing Tomorrow's Health Sciences Librarians: Two Model Internship Programs: Barbara A. Epstein, Administrative Services, Health Sciences Library System, University of Pittsburgh; Carol Jenkins and Ann Lawrence, Health Sciences Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill; and Nancy Hrinya Tannery, Health Sciences Library System, University of Pittsburgh.

Teaching Personal Information Management in the Library: Mari J. Stoddard, Educational Services, Arizona Health Sciences Library; and P. Zoë Stavri, School of Information Resources and Library Science, University of Arizona, Tucson.

Developing a Web-Based Continuing Education Course: Julia K. Kochi, Digital Library Operations, Library and Center for Knowledge Management, University of California, San Francisco; Julie A. Garrison and Connie Schardt, Medical Center Library, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina.

Information Services for AHEC Librarians: Sharon D. Jenkins, School of Library and Information Science, University of North Texas, Denton.

Pharmacy and Drug Information Section. The 1999 EMBASE Lecture: New Developments in Drug Therapy Searching: The Future of Pharmaceutical Care

Moderator: Robert H. Schrimsher, McWhorter School of Pharmacy, Samford University, Birmingham, Alabama.

Speaker: Mary Lynn Moody, Drug Information Center, University of Illinois, Chicago.

National Program Committee I. Contributed Papers Session: Perfect Partners for Tense Times: Collaboration and Cooperation with our Peers

Moderator: Brenda Collins, Library Services, New England College of Optometry, Boston, Massachusetts.

Community Partnering for AIDS Outreach: Jonathan Hartmann, Raymond H. Mulford Library, Medical College of Ohio, Toledo.

Collaborating to Provide Shared Resources: The Ongoing Cooperation Between a Hospital Library and a Hospital-Based Consumer Health Information Center: Margo Coletti, Medical Library; and Anne Fladger, The Learning Center; Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts.

Perfect Partners for Tense Times: Collaborating with Public Librarians to Deliver Consumer Health Information Services: Gerald (Jerry) Perry, Mary L. Riordan, and Amelio Skye, Arizona Health Sciences Library, University of Arizona, Tucson.

The Clinical Digital Libraries Project: An Interdisciplinary Approach to Providing Information Services to Off-Site Users: Steven L. MacCall, School of Library and Information Studies, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa; Ana D. Cleveland, School of Library and Information Sciences, University of North Texas, Denton; Lisa R. Russell, Nelle T. Williams, and Martha C. Cook, Health Sciences Library, College of Community Health Sciences, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa; Robert J. Beals, Department of Family Medicine, and Kathryn T. Herron, Department of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, University of North Texas Health Science Center, Fort Worth, Texas.

National Program Committee II. Contributed Papers Session: New Tools for Perfecting the Future: Techniques to Add to Our Skills

Moderator: Peg Hewitt, Tufts Center for the Study of Drug Development, Tufts University, Boston, Massachusetts.

What Is “Partnering” and How Can Health Sciences Librarians Successfully Use this Approach?: Pamela Bradigan and Susan Kroll, Prior Health Sciences Library, Ohio State University, Columbus.

Creating a Unified Service Center to Support Multiple Library Services: Martha Bedard, Library Services; Francesca Allegri, Planning and Communications; Margaret Moore, User Services; and Steven Squires, Research; Health Sciences Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Edging Out the Competition: Using a Client Database for Strategic Planning: Mary Snyder, Nancy Gotcher, Pennie Billings Jones, and Jeffrey Perkins, Education Services, Medical Library, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas.

A World Wide Web Bibliometrics Study: Co-Citation Analysis of Health Sciences Libraries' Links: Karen Harker, Library, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas; and Sally Harvey, Information Services, Health Sciences Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

After the afternoon sessions, members were invited to an Open House at the MLA headquarters. At the same time, the International Cooperation Section hosted an International Visitor's Reception and the Membership Committee hosted a New Member/First Time Attendee Reception. The Medical Library Education Section and various library and information science colleges and universities sponsored a Library School Reunion for present and former students and faculty. The Vision Sciences SIG, the Hospital Libraries Section Board, and the International Cooperation Section Board held evening meetings. The Friends of NLM enjoyed a social event later that evening.


On Monday morning, the following committees met: Awards Committee, Governmental Relations Committee, Membership Committee, and Publications Committee. The Veterinary Medical Libraries Section held a breakfast meeting.

An orientation session was held for section treasurers.

Sunrise seminars were conducted by: CyberTools, Inc., EBSCO Information Services, the Institute for Scientific Information, the National Library of Medicine, Ovid Technologies, Research Information Systems, RoweCom, and SilverPlatter Information.

The Janet Doe Lecture

Introduction: Wayne J. Peay, Eccles Health Sciences Library, University of Utah, Salt Lake City.

Enabling, Empowering, Inspiring: Research and Mentorship Through the Years: Sherrilynne Fuller, Health Sciences Libraries and Information Center, University of Washington, Seattle.

Following the Janet Doe Lecture, the following groups held mid-morning meetings: Hospital Libraries Section committees, International Cooperation Section, Problem-Based Learning SIG, and the Southern Chapter. The following other groups also met or held training sessions: CyberTools, Faxon Company, and OVID Unix and Hybrid Users Group.

National Library of Medicine (NLM) update

The following NLM staff presented updates on NLM projects and plans: Donald A. B. Lindberg, M.D., spoke of NLM's initiatives in the areas of long-range planning, education of health sciences librarians, international cooperation, visible human projects, consumer health information, and next-generation Internet. Betsy Humphreys spoke about NLM's reinvention effort to make the transition from legacy systems. She outlined several endeavors underway regarding new or improved retrieval systems, including work on mechanisms for integrated searching across systems. Eve-Marie Lacroix spoke about reinvention plans for DOCLINE, developments with MEDLINEplus, and efforts to enhance and improve customer service at NLM.

Presentation of Awards

Following the morning program sessions, President Doyle officiated at the awards luncheon and ceremony. She began by welcoming special guests Sarah Long, president elect of the American Library Association; Susan Hayes, president of the Special Library Association; and Robert Willard, head of the National Commission on Libraries and Information Science. She then thanked Karen Curtis, chair of the Awards Committee; Susan London, chair of the Grants and Scholarship Committee; and jury members for their time and effort.

Next, Ms. Doyle recognized past recipients of Cunningham Memorial International Fellowships present at the ceremony, Godfrey Belleh and Dr. Majid Pathan. She then announced Timothy Shola Abolarinwa as the 1999 Cunningham Fellow. Mr. Abolarinwa is the head of the Medical Library at the Nigerian Institute of Medicine in Lagos, Nigeria. He was unable to be present at this year's meeting.

Ms. Doyle then announced that this year's Joseph Leiter NLM/MLA Lecture would be given on May 18 by Daniel Callahan, director of International Programs at The Hastings Center. His lecture is entitled “Can We Afford Technological Progress and an Aging Society?” She also reminded the audience that Daniel Burrus, founder and president of Burrus Research Associates, Inc., had delivered the 1999 John P. McGovern Lecture on the previous day and had received his award then. Mr. Burrus's lecture was entitled “Future Views: Toast of the Town or Just Plain Toast?”

President Doyle then presented the following awards:

An MLA Scholarship was awarded to Cynthia Lynn Ammons and an MLA Scholarship for Minority Students was awarded to Tomeka Oubichon. Both are currently studying at the Louisiana State University School of Library and Information Science in Baton Rouge.

An EBSCO/MLA Annual Meeting Grant, providing up to $1,000 for travel and conference related expenses, was presented to Shirley Brooke, currently employed as a library associate/CME Coordinator at Flagstaff Medical Center in Flagstaff, Arizona.

An MLA Research, Development, and Demonstration Project Grant was presented to Catherine Graber, in absentia, who holds a master's degree in library and information science from the University of Kentucky and is currently a medical librarian at the University of Louisville, Kentucky. Ms. Graber will use the grant to support a survey of health sciences faculty's use of library computer systems at the University of Louisville. Ms. Graber's colleagues, Karen Feder and Neal Nixon, accepted the award on her behalf.

The HLS/MLA Professional Development Grant was awarded to The Metropolitan Detroit Medical Library Group, Research Committee. The award will be used to fund a research project entitled, “Needs Assessment of Physicians in Ambulatory Centers.” Carole Gilbert, chair of the committee, accepted the award on its behalf.

Next the Medical Informatics Section/MLA Career Development Grants, established to award up to two individuals $1,000 each to support a career development activity that will contribute to the advancement of the field of medical informatics, were awarded to Ruth Riley and Gang (Wendy) Wu. Ms. Riley is the associate director of the library at the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences. She has an M.S. in library and information science from the University of Illinois. She will use her award to attend the conference, Improving Health in a Digital World. Ms. Wu is currently information services librarian at the Shiffman Medical Library, Wayne State University. She has an M.S. in medical informatics from Linkoping University, Sweden, and will use the award for Web-based classes at the University of Michigan School of Information.

The Award for Excellence and Achievement in Hospital Librarianship was renamed this year by the MLA Board of Directors in honor of the outstanding dedication and leadership shown by Lois Ann Colaianni to the health sciences information community. Ms. Colaianni was a key figure in the development of MLA's Hospital Libraries Section. She was a hospital librarian when she was president of MLA and is an acknowledged role model for many of today's hospital library leaders. She is a past recipient of the Marcia C. Noyes Award, and other honors conferred on her include appointment as a Fellow, The Janet Doe Lectureship, the MLA's President's Award, the NIH Director's Award, the NIH Merit Award, and the UCLA Graduate School of Library and Information Science's first Distinguished Alumnus Award. She retired as associate director for library operations at the National Library of Medicine this past December. Ms. Colaianni was invited to stand and be recognized for her contributions.

The Lois Ann Colaianni Award for Excellence and Achievement in Hospital Librarianship is given to a professional who has made significant contributions to the profession in overall distinction or leadership in hospital library administration or service; has produced a definitive publication related to hospital librarianship, teaching, research or advocacy; or has developed or applied innovative technology to hospital librarianship. This year's recipient was Jacqueline Bastille. Ms. Bastille received her master's degree in library science from the University of Michigan. She has recently completed twenty-five years of leadership as the director of the Treadwell Library at Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston. Ms. Bastille was unable to be present at the ceremony.

The MLA/Lucretia W. McClure Excellence in Education Award, established in 1998 in honor of one of MLA's most respected members, to honor an outstanding educator in the field of health sciences librarianship and informatics who demonstrates skills in teaching, curriculum development, mentoring, research, or leadership in education at local, regional, or national levels. This first award was presented to Lucretia McClure. An accomplished educator who has taught MLA-sponsored courses around the world, Ms. McClure is a mentor to many professionals in the health sciences information profession.

The Majors/MLA Chapter Project of the Year Award recognizes excellence, innovation, and contribution to the profession of health sciences librarianship and is sponsored by Majors Scientific Books. This year's award was given to the North Atlantic Health Sciences Librarians (NAHSL) Chapter for their Benchmarking Project. This project grew out of a 1995 NAHSL Conference Town Meeting forum. The purpose of the project was to gather library data to be used by NAHSL members for information sharing, strategic planning, staffing, budget comparisons, and education. Deborah Sibley, the chapter president, accepted the award on behalf of the chapter.

The Louise Darling Medal for Distinguished Achievement in Collection Development was established by Ballen Booksellers and is endowed by Blackwell North America. This year's award was presented to Jonathan Eldredge, assistant professor and chief, Collection and Information Resources Development at the Health Sciences Center Library, School of Medicine, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque. Dr. Eldredge's impressive list of publications, teaching activities, and presentations at professional meetings have increased awareness of the need for accurate collection development in health science libraries.

The ISI/Frank Bradway Rogers Information Advancement Award is sponsored by the Institute for Scientific Information (ISI) and recognizes outstanding contributions in the application of technology to the delivery of health sciences information, to the science of information, or to the facilitation of the delivery of health sciences information. The 1999 award was presented to BioSites. BioSites is a Web resource that supports the identification of high quality biomedical Internet resources. It grew out of recommendations from the Pacific Southwest Regional Medical Library (PSRML) and Resource Librarians' discussions about cooperative collection development for Internet resources. It was officially released in January 1997. The following individuals accepted the award as representatives of the BioSites project: Beryl Glitz, Louise Darling Biomedical Library, University of California, Los Angeles; Anne Prussing, Biomedical Library, University of California, San Diego; Melissa Just, Norris Medical Library, University of Southern California; and Mary Buttner, Lane Medical Library, Stanford University.

The Ida and George Eliot Prize, sponsored by Login Brothers Book Company, was awarded to Barbara Schloman, Judy Burnham, Linda Slater, and Eileen Wakiji for their symposium of articles entitled, “Mapping the Literature of Allied Health,” which appeared in the July 1997 issue of the Bulletin of the Medical Library Association. Barbara Schloman is currently the director of library and information services at Kent State University. Judith Burnham is the assistant director for administrative and regional services at the University of South Alabama Biomedical Library in Mobile, Alabama. Linda Slater is a reference/collections librarian at the John W. Scott Health Sciences Library, University of Alberta. Eileen Wakiji is the nursing and allied health librarian at California State University. Ms. Schloman and Ms. Burnham were present to accept the award.

The Murray Gottlieb Prize, established in 1956 by a gift from the Old Hickory Bookshop to recognize and stimulate health sciences librarians' interest in the history of medicine, was awarded to Godfrey Belleh and Eric v.d. Luft for their paper “Financing North American Medical Libraries in the Nineteenth Century.” Mr. Belleh is currently the head of technical services at the Health Sciences Library, SUNY. Mr. v.d. Luft is the curator of historical collections at SUNY. Mr. v.d. Luft was unable to be present at the ceremony.

The Estelle Brodman Award for the Medical Librarian of the Year was established with a gift from Irwin H. Pizer and is given to an association member who has made outstanding contributions to academic medical librarianship as demonstrated by excellence in performance, publications, research, service, or a combination thereof. This year's award was presented to Diane Johnson, head of information services at the Otto Lottes Health Sciences Library at the University of Missouri–Columbia. She has been active at the regional and national levels of MLA, and is currently serving on the editorial board of the Bulletin of the Medical Library Association.

The Janet Doe Lectureship was awarded to Sherrilynne Fuller. Her lecture, entitled “Enabling, Empowering, Inspiring: Research and Mentorship Through the Years,” was delivered earlier that morning. Dr. Fuller is director of the Health Sciences Libraries and Information Center at the University of Washington. She has been an active member of MLA, a member of the MLA Board of Directors, NLM Board of Regents, and the AMIA Board of Directors.

Next, President Doyle named William G. Cooper to be designated an Honorary Member of MLA. Dr. Cooper has long been a supporter of libraries and quality medical education. Following a career of teaching and research in anatomy and cell biology, he held significant administrative positions that involved biomedical communications and libraries. He served as director of NLM's Extramural Programs, where he oversaw the review and funding of grants, many to libraries. He is well known for his work with the concept and reality of Integrated Academic Information Management Systems (IAIMS). Dr. Cooper has always been interested in and at the forefront of new technologies for the dissemination of biomedical information. He is the founder and director of the consulting firm Cooper and Associates. Clients have included the Hospitals Satellite Network (Los Angeles), the National Library of Medicine, and the Houston Academy of Medicine-Texas Medical Center Library. He has continued to be a mentor and ardent supporter of medical librarians.

President Doyle then named five members of the association to be designated lifelong Fellows of MLA:

  • [filled square] Jo Anne Boorkman: One of MLA's most outstanding leaders, Ms. Boorkman has served on MLA's Board of Directors and on more than fifteen committees, chapters, and task forces. She is a former chair of the Collection Development Section and a past president of the Northern California and Nevada Medical Library Group (NCNMLG). She is a Distinguished Member of MLA's Academy of Health Information Professionals (AHIP) and was instrumental in the development of the academy's credentialing program. She is also a widely published author and has coedited, with Fred Roper, multiple editions of the book, Introduction to Reference Sources in Health Sciences. Ms. Boorkman is head librarian, Carlson Health Sciences Library, University of California at Davis.
  • [filled square] Judith Messerle: An MLA member for more than twenty years, Ms. Messerle has had an impact on many key MLA programs. During her presidency, Ms. Messerle contributed to the development of the association's constitution, MLA's Strategic Plan, and served on the Task Force on Knowledge and Skills, which led to the publication, Platform for Change, MLA's educational policy statement. Also a past president of the Association of Academic Health Science Library Directors (AAHSLD), she is former chair of the Joint MLA/AAHSLD Legislative Task Force. An accomplished author, she coedited the popular MLA standard text, Hospital Library Management, which earned her MLA's Ida and George Eliot Prize in 1984. Ms. Messerle is currently the director of the Countway Library of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.
  • [filled square] Dottie Eakin: A recognized leader in the field of collection development, Ms. Eakin has performed years of extensive research and written several journal articles on the subject. She is the recipient of MLA's 1991 Louise Darling Medal for Distinguished Achievement in Collection Development in the Health Sciences and is coauthor of the popular book, along with the late Dan Richards, Collection Development and Assessment in Health Science Libraries. A Distinguished Member of MLA's Academy of Health Information Professionals, Ms. Eakin has served as both consulting and associate editor of the Bulletin of the Medical Library Association and on MLA's Board of Directors as treasurer. Ms. Eakin is the director of the Medical Sciences Library at Texas A&M University, College Station. It is noteworthy to point out that Ms. Eakin is proof of the importance of early investment in the future. Ms. Eakin was a recipient of an MLA Scholarship in 1965.
  • [filled square] Rick B. Forsman: An active and contributing member of MLA, Mr. Forsman has received the 1988 MLA Continuing Education Award and has been a major force in the development of MLA's certification and credentialing programs. Mr. Forsman has served on MLA's Certification Examination Review Committee, Credentialing Committee, and Editorial Panel for Certification and Registration. A Distinguished Member of the Academy of Health Information Professionals, he has also chaired the Task Force to Review the Academy, as well as the Medical School Libraries and Technical Services Sections. He also serves as a medical library representative to ALA's Committee on Accreditation. Mr. Forsman is director and associate professor at the Denison Memorial Library, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver.
  • [filled square] June Glaser: An MLA member for more than twenty years, Ms. Glaser is the library director and an associate professor of information sciences, Basil G. Bibby Library, Eastman Dental Center, Rochester, New York. She has made strong contributions to MLA, particularly in the areas of advocacy and dental libraries. She is known for her ability to identify and monitor potentially important legislation, analyze its impact on health sciences libraries, advocate a position beneficial to medical libraries, and mobilize her colleagues to take action. A Distinguished Member of the Academy of Health Information Professionals, Ms. Glaser has served on several MLA committees and as chair of the MLA Governmental Relations Committee and the Joint MLA/AAHSLD Legislative Task Force. MLA recognizes June's efforts in promoting health sciences libraries, particularly dental libraries, and is proud to honor her with Fellow status.

With the following words, President Doyle then presented the President's Award.

From time to time, the officers and the Board of Directors see that an exceptional contribution has been made to the profession and the goals of the association and, therefore, elect to give a special award recognizing the significant contribution. This year, the award is presented to June Fulton for her dedicated work and exemplary leadership as the chair of the Ad Hoc Centennial Coordinating Committee. Ms. Fulton has chaired the committee since 1995. Under her leadership, the ad hoc committee, staff, chapters, sections and committees of the association have planned and carried out a successful year-long celebration of MLA's centennial anniversary. Some highlights of the committee's work include: planning one of the most successful meetings in MLA history with a record number of attendees, raising more than $84,000 in contributions to support special centennial programs and projects, working with Representative John Porter to have a proclamation in honor of MLA's centennial anniversary printed in the Congressional Record, and getting Vice President Al Gore to present greetings by video to members attending the 1998 Annual Meeting. Ms. Fulton's dedication, energy, and outstanding interpersonal skills facilitated the melding of numerous ideas, abilities, and skills among all the individuals and groups involved in planning a successful year-long celebration that will long be remembered by members and staff.

President Doyle also recognized the contributions of each of the individuals that served as members of the Ad Hoc Centennial Coordinating Committee. Each member of the committee, presented earlier with a certificate of recognition, was asked to stand: Eloise C. Foster, Frances Groen, Ruth Holst, Lucretia W. McClure, Judith Robinson, Mary L. Ryan, Ada M. Seltzer, J. Michael Homan, Sheldon Kotzin, Mark E. Funk, Freida O. Weise, Rachael K. Anderson, and Jacqueline Donaldson Doyle.

Finally, President Anderson called on Fred Roper, the 1998 Marcia C. Noyes Award winner, to introduce T. Mark Hodges, the 1999 recipient of the association's highest honor, the Marcia C. Noyes Award. He did so with the following words:

By tradition, this year's recipient of the Marcia C. Noyes Award is introduced by the most recent predecessor. It is a great pleasure for me to be in this position today because the 1999 Noyes award, the highest honor to be bestowed upon a member, goes this year to my good friend and Southern Chapter colleague, T. Mark Hodges.

Born in Sheffield, England, and educated in both England and the United States, Mark came to this country in 1957. England's loss was our gain!

Mark's medical library career has been one of ever-increasing responsibility, beginning at Harvard, moving south to Emory, and culminating in his position as director of the Eskind Biomedical Library of Vanderbilt University. In his various positions, he has served as an exemplary role model both for junior members of the profession and for his peers in library administration. He's an individual of high principles who puts his beliefs into practice. One always knows where one stands with Mark!

He has long been a mainstay of the Southern Chapter and has been very active on a variety of levels. At the time of his retirement, he was honored with a “roast” at the Puerto Rico meeting—an indication of the very great affection that his fellow members of the chapter have for him.

In MLA, he has been active in a variety of ways, including many committee appointments and chairs. Perhaps his best known activity within MLA has been that of parliamentarian, a post that he held for eight years.

Over the years, he has been a prolific writer and researcher, with more than eighty publications in the area of library management and operations.

Time permits me to speak of only a few of his many honors. In 1990, his colleagues in Great Britain made him a fellow of their library association. In 1995, he was honored by MLA with election as a Fellow. He was later selected as the Janet Doe Lecturer, and his informative and engaging review of MLA through its annual meetings was well received. It carried his inimitable style and wit while being extremely well researched.

Receipt of the Noyes award is the logical next step in Mark's distinguished career. His accomplishments have not been limited to his institution but have been instrumental in promoting the region, the field, and the Medical Library Association. As the criteria say, he has indeed made a “lasting and significant contribution to the profession of health sciences librarianship.”

Fifty years ago, Mrs. Eileen Cunningham, of Vanderbilt University, received the first Noyes award. It is very appropriate that the award returns to Nashville this year.

Friends and colleagues, I give you T. Mark Hodges, the 1999 Marcia C. Noyes Award recipient.

President Doyle then presented Mark Hodges with the Marcia C. Noyes Award. Mr. Hodges accepted the award with the following remarks:

Thank you, Fred.

When the call went out last year for nominations for the Noyes Award, I responded as I have in the past with a suggestion. (On occasion, I have even suggested that the award be withheld, which might have been appropriate this year!) Because it was the centennial year, I proposed that the award be made collectively to the membership—past and present—in that they, the members, had made the lasting, outstanding contributions to health sciences librarianship that had brought this organization to the high level at which it now stands.

Unfortunately, I was told, politely but firmly: The award can be made only to an individual. This I accepted. But I was very surprised and pleased to learn that, this year, the award would be conferred on me.

In accepting it therefore, at the conclusion of our centenary celebration, I do so on behalf of all of you, especially the many who have worked with me over the years, either on the job or on MLA projects. To name them would be to risk offense through omission, so I mention but one—my wife, Judith—who is also a medical librarian. We really are a pair.

Thank you very much.

With that, President Doyle concluded the Awards Ceremony.

Section and special interest group business meetings

Following the Awards Luncheon, the following sections and special interest groups (SIGs) held business meetings: Dental Section, Department of Veterans Affairs Librarians SIG, Educational Media and Technologies Section, Family Practice SIG, Geriatrics and Gerontology SIG, History of the Health Sciences Section, Medical Informatics Section, Nursing and Allied Health Resources Section, Outreach SIG, Pediatric Librarians SIG, Pharmacy and Drug Information Section, section CE chairs, Technical Services Section, and Veterinary Medical Libraries Section. The Public Services Section sponsored the following roundtable discussions: Use of Standards in Public Service Functions, Issues in Access Services, The Extinction of the Medical Reference Librarian, Where Do Databases Live, and When to Coach and When to Counsel. An Academy Portfolio Preparation Question & Answer session was also held.

The following other groups also met during the afternoon: NLM/Research Section Outreach Impact, Ovid PC-Based and Standalone Users Group, and Serhold Coordinators. The AAHSL Board held a meeting during the late afternoon.

Poster session

The following posters were on display beginning Monday afternoon and continuing through Tuesday afternoon. The session was sponsored in part by the Login Brothers Book Company.

Assessing User Needs for Resources and Services: Hope Barton, Collections and Materials Processing, Hardin Library for the Health Sciences, University of Iowa, Iowa City; Jim Cheng, Chinese Studies; Leo Clougherty, Chemistry and Geology Libraries; John Forys, Engineering and Mathematical Sciences Libraries; Toby Lyles, Minority Research; Dottie Persson, Psychology and Physics Libraries; Christine Walters, Reference; and Carlette Washington-Hoagland, Administration/Special Projects; University of Iowa Libraries, Iowa City.

Creating a Unified Service Center: Activities and Challenges: Martha Bedard, Library Services, and Margaret Moore, User Services, Health Sciences Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

How Usable Is Your Web Site? A Case Study: Candice Benjes and Janis Brown, Norris Medical Library, University of Southern California, Los Angeles.

Orville: Catherine Boss, Professional Development, Meridian Health Systems, Jersey Shore Medical Center, Neptune, New Jersey.

Federal Cost Accounting Standards (CAS) and Chargeable Library Services: Marian Boyle, Planning and Development; LaVerne Burch, Administration; Linda Butson, Reference, Education and Information Management; and Faith A. Meakin; University of Florida Health Science Center Libraries, Gainesville.

Strategic Planning and Year One of Implementation at the University of Florida Health Science Center Libraries: Marian Boyle, Planning and Development; Linda Butson, Reference, Education and Information Management; Barbara Francis, Educational Services; Jennifer Johnson, Circulation Services; Faith Meakin; and Michele Tennant; University of Florida Health Science Center Libraries, Gainesville.

Art in the Library: helen-ann brown [sic], Information Services, and Bob Braude, Samuel J. Wood Library/C.V. Starr Biomedical Information Center, Joan and Sanford I. Weill College of Medicine and Graduate School of Medical Sciences of Cornell University, New York.

Health Information Access in an Urban Community—Serving the Underserved: An NLM Information Outreach Subcontract: Nancy J. Bryant, Division of Information Technology Services, Morehouse School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia.

Improving Circuit Library Services in Upstate New York: Brian Bunnett, Beck Library, Guthrie Healthcare System, Sayre, Pennsylvania; and Susan Frey, South Central Regional Library Council, Ithaca, New York.

BackMed: One Man's Junk, Another Man's Treasure: Cynthia Burke, School of Nursing, Hampton University, Hampton, Virginia.

Electrifying the Bun and Booting the Sneakers: What Do We Want the Future Image of Medical Librarians of the Information Century To Be?: Frances L. Chen, Collection Development, and Catherine Wolfson, Reference, Arizona Health Sciences Library, University of Arizona, Tucson.

Problem-Based Learning: Positive Benefits for the Library: Kathleen Crea, Information Services, and Melissa Wisner, Systems, University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington.

Making Connections in the Greater Midwest Region: Kathy J. Davies, Charniel McDaniels, Chris Shaffer, and Angela Taylor, NN/LM, Greater Midwest Region, Library of the Health Sciences, University of Illinois, Chicago.

Teaching with the Web: Richard Eimas, John Martin Rare Book Room, and Hope Barton, Collections and Materials Processing, Hardin Library for the Health Sciences, University of Iowa, Iowa City.

Medical Archives Database Access Via Java and the World Wide Web: Marcia Epelbaum, Library Operations and Health Information Services; John S. Boswell, Health Systems; Randy Jones, Archives and Records Management; Mary Teloh, Special Collections; and Nunzia B. Giuse, Eskind Biomedical Library, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee.

How Do You Answer a Question at 2:00 A.M. Without a Librarian?: Cooperative Basic Reference Training Project for Student Loan Assistants: Hannah M. Fisher and Mary L. Riordan, Information Services, Arizona Health Science Library, University of Arizona, Tucson.

Outreach to Rural Health: Simple Internet Strategies: Jennifer Friedman, Northwoods HealthNet, Marshfield Clinic Medical Library, Marshfield, Wisconsin; Margaret (Peg) Allen, Northwoods HealthNet, Stratford, Wisconsin; and Suzanne Matthew, Northern Wisconsin Area Health Education Center, Inc., Wausau, Wisconsin.

Policy Information Exchange Online: A Mental Health Policy Knowledge Dissemination Tool for the New Millennium: Bruce Gardham, Missouri Institute of Mental Health, St. Louis, Missouri.

Information Seeking Needs of Clinicians in Ambulatory Care Settings: Carole M. Gilbert, Library Services, Providence Hospital, Southfield, Michigan; Lynda M. Baker, Library & Information Science Program, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan; Daria Drobny, Learning Resources Center, Rehabilitation Institute of Michigan, Detroit; Sharon Phillips, Media Services, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan; and Karen M. Tubolino, Library Services, and John D. Dingell, VA Medical Center, Detroit, Michigan.

An Institutional Model for Web Site Development: A Multidisciplinary Approach in a Health Care Setting: Sylvia Graham and Nardina Mein, Sladen Library & Center for Health Information Resources, Henry Ford Health System, Detroit, Michigan.

That Girl There is a Doctor in Medicine: Elizabeth Blackwell, America's First Woman M.D.: Carol Clausen, National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, Maryland.

MedReach: AHEC Medical Information Outreach System: Jonathan Hartmann, Medical College of Ohio, Toledo.

Electronic Collections: An Academic Health Science Center Model: Pi-Yung (Peggy) Hsu, Electronic Collections, and Faith A. Meakin, Health Science Center Libraries, University of Florida, Gainesville.

Preparing Health Information Professionals for the 21st Century: The Texas Woman's University Dual Master's Degree Program: Jeffrey T. Huber and Keith Swigger, School of Library and Information Studies, Texas Woman's University, Denton, Texas.

Just How Big Is MEDLINE Anyway?: John D. Jones, Jr., Electronic Resources; Burnnie C. Morant, Media & Electronic Services; and Lynne U. Turman, Education Services; Tompkins-McCaw Library, University Library Services, Office for Information Technology, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond.

Presently Tense? Using Humor to Enhance Learning in the Electronic Classroom: Colleen M. Kenefick, Information Services, Health Sciences Library, SUNY at Stony Brook.

LIPS: Library Internet Publishing Service: Linda LeMahieu, Technology Support; Jeff Hagedorn, Systems; and Ondrej Zoltan, Systems; Medical College of Wisconsin Libraries, Milwaukee.

Internet Medical/Health Information: Colleen K. Lindell, Med-Legal.net, Osceola, Wisconsin.

Ten Years of the UMLS Metathesaurus: Stephanie Lipow, Consulting Services, Lexical Technology, Inc., Alameda, California; and Laura A. Roth, Management System Designers, Bethesda, Maryland.

Coming Out: Contributes to Our Profession, Helps Our Clients: Robert T. Mackes, Elizabeth General Medical Center, Elizabeth, New Jersey; Nancy Gotcher, Web Consultation Services, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas Library, Texas; and Sally Harvey, Information Services, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Using WebCT as an Instructional Tool for Teaching Large-Sized Classes: Jackie Mardikian and Meiling Lo, Library of Science and Medicine, Rutgers University, Piscataway, New Jersey.

Public Health Information Initiative: Web-Based Access to Information Resources: Tammy Mays, Maria Fracchia, and Michele Matucheski, Health Sciences Libraries, University of Wisconsin, Madison.

Old Site, New Site, How to Rebuild a More Useful Site: Redesigning a Tense Past for a More Perfect Future: Beverly Murphy, Marketing and Publications, and Scott Garrison, Systems Interface Services, Duke University Medical Center Library, Durham, North Carolina.

Librarian Rounds in Family Practice Residency Settings: Susan Meadows, University of Missouri, Columbia, and Joan Nashelsky, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque.

HTML Workshops for Faculty—Evaluating Outcomes, or … If We Teach Them, Will They Use It?: Julia K. Kochi, Digital Library Operations; Janet Cowan, Data Management Services; and Gail L. Persily, Instructional Multimedia Services; Library and Center for Knowledge Management, University of California, San Francisco.

A Consortium Developed Poster to Teach Evidence-Based Health Care: Kristine Petre, Library Services, Easton Hospital, Easton, Pennsylvania; and Linda Schwartz, St. Lukes Hospital, Allentown Campus, Allentown, Pennsylvania.

Providing Computer Assistance and Teaching Through “Quick Guides”: Kristine Petre and Frances Levengood, Library Services, Easton Hospital, Easton, Pennsylvania; and Carole Reese, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania.

Developing a Library Orientation Video: Erin Bauer, Electronic Services; Theresa Arndt, User Education; and Marie Reidelbach, Public Services; McGoogan Library of Medicine, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha.

Obtaining the Most for Your Money: Utilizing the RFI Process to Evaluate Journal Subscription Agents: Audrey Bondar, Technical Services, and Beth A. Salzwedel, Document & Technical Services, Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, Michigan.

The Teachable Moment: EBM@ Morning.Report: Connie Schardt, Education; Eric Albright, Public Services; and Anne Powers, Reference; Medical Center Library, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina.

Ongoing Implementation of Medical Informatics Objectives: Brenda L. Seago, Chris L. Stephens, and Jeanne B. Schlesinger, Computer Based Instruction Lab, School of Medicine, Medical College of Virginia, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond.

The Evolving HealthWeb: From HTML to Database: James Shedlock, Linda Walton, Dan Barkey, and Steve Hunt, Galter Health Sciences Library, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois.

Managing Web Site Content Using Database Technology: James Shedlock, Daniel Barkey, Isabel Diaz, Laurel Graham, Steven Hunt, Kurt Munson, Linda O'Dwyer, and Tony Olson, Galter Health Sciences Library, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois.

An Electronic Journal Club for Librarians: MHSLA's Use of Web-Based Conferencing: Michael Simmons, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan; Laura Friesen-Lynn, Hamady Health Sciences Library, Hurley Medical, Center, Flint, Michigan; Marge Kars, Health Sciences Library, Bronson Methodist Hospital, Kalamazoo, Michigan; and Sandra Swanson, Amberg Health Sciences Library, Spectrum Health, Downtown Campus, Grand Rapids, Michigan.

Using a Networked Spreadsheet for Library Statistical Report Management: Susan A. Selig, Special Projects; Lois M. Bellamy, Electronic Services; and Priscilla L. Stephenson, Reference Services, Health Sciences Library, University of Tennessee, Memphis.

Splitting the Difference: Meeting the Information Needs of Clinicians and Researchers in a Veterinary Medicine Setting: Michele R. Tennant, Tara M. Tobin, and Pamela C. Williams, Health Science Center Library, University of Florida, Gainesville.

Partners in Distance Learning: Russet R. Hambrick, Information Access Center, Southern Regional AHEC, Fayetteville, North Carolina; Janet G. Bangma, Laupus Health Sciences Library, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina; Eric D. Albright, Anne D. Powers, and Patricia L. Thibodeau, Medical Center Library, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina.

One Touch: An Innovative Process for the Acquisition-to-Access of Monographic Materials: Lynda J. Hartel, Collection Development, and Barbara Van Brimmer, Technical Services, Prior Health Science Library, Ohio State University, Columbus; and Leann M. Carey, Matthews Medical and Scientific Book Company, Maryland Heights, Missouri.

HealthLinks: Databasing a Web Site: Emily Hull, Leilani St. Anna, Kevin Ibrahim, Debra Ketchell, Micah Skilling, Constance Worley, and Steve Rauch, University of Washington Health Sciences Libraries and IAIMS Program, Seattle.

Mid-Career Crisis: Insiders Advice or (The Mid-Career Librarian and the Information Era and Changes in Health Care): Beth G. Carlin, Department of Health Management and Informatics, Columbia, Missouri.

Open forum for the future

All members were invited to participate in an open forum Monday afternoon to discuss a proposed dues increase and ideas about the name of the Medical Library Association. The session was moderated by President Doyle.

Section programming II

Seven program sessions were scheduled for the late afternoon on Monday:

Collection Development, Public Services, and Technical Services Sections. Joint Contributed Papers Session: Digital Resources Issues & Management, Session I. Selection to End User

Moderator: Judy Rieke, Harley E. French Library of the Health Sciences, University of North Dakota, Grand Forks.

“Reaching Beyond Our Grasp”: The U.K. Experience of Delivering Full-Text Electronic Journals to the Users' Desk-Top: John van Loo, University of Sheffield, United Kingdom.

Health & Medicine for Colorado Consumers: Developing a Web-Based Information Resource for the State: Mary Walsh and Sandra K. Parker, Information Services Department, Denison Memorial Library, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver.

A Model for Collaborative Evaluation and Selection of Electronic Resources in an Academic Health Sciences Library: Catherine E. Delia, Electronic Resources, and Susan Leister, Collection Development and Acquisitions, George Washington University Medical Center, Washington, DC; and Tanner Wray, Access and Delivery Services, University of Wisconsin, Madison.

The Online Reference Center: Providing Access to Selected Web Resources: Roumiana Katzarkov and Janet Nelson, Norris Medical Library, University of Southern California, Los Angeles.

The Hardin Meta Directory of Internet Health Sources: Bringing the Strengths of the Library to the Web: Eric T. Rumsey, Hardin Library for the Health Sciences, University of Iowa, Iowa City.

Dental, Hospital Libraries, Medical School Libraries, Nursing and Allied Health Resources, and Pharmacy and Drug Information Sections. Joint Contributed Papers Session: Taking it on the Road: Providing Access to Information Resources for Users Off-Site

Moderator: Terrance M. Burton, Health Sciences Library, West Virginia University, Morgantown.

Using the Internet to Deliver Live Reference Service to Remote Health Professionals: DDD/OSR—Digital Document Delivery/Online Synchronous Reference: Margaret Peloquin, Riverside Campus, Austin Community College, Austin, Texas.

Integrating Library Resources in Distance Education: Margaret Moore, User Services; Martha Bedard, Library Services; B. Lynn Eades, Distributed Learning; Robert Ladd, Instructional Design and Technology; and Julia Shaw-Kokot, Education Services; Health Sciences Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Reaching Out to the Point of Learning: Sarah Safranek, Information Management, and Debra S. Ketchell, Health Sciences Libraries, University of Washington, Seattle.

Coming Full Circle: From Circuit Librarianship to Circuitry Librarianship: Marlene Englander and Gretchen Hallerberg, Library Services Department, The Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio.

Educational Media and Technologies Section. Joint Contributed Papers Session: Working in a Digital World, Session I. Librarian as Publisher

Moderator: James Duncan, Information Commons, Hardin Library for the Health Sciences, The University of Iowa, Iowa City.

Value Added Internet Resource Development: Links, Learning, & Listening: P.F. Anderson, Dentistry Library, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor; Kellie Kaneshiro and Sue London, Reference, Ruth Lilly Medical Library, Indiana University, Indianapolis.

Producing a CD-ROM with CBI Programs for Medical Students: Brenda L. Seago, Jeanne B. Schlesinger, Chris I. Stephens, Computer Based Instruction Lab, School of Medicine, Medical College of Virginia, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond.

New Haven Health: Publishing Local Public Health Information on the World Wide Web: Gillian Goldsmith Mayman, New Haven Health Project, Harvey Cushing/John Hay Whitney Medical Library; and Betty Cohen, Epidemiology and Public Health Library, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut.

Providing Access in a Digital World: The Public Health Information Link (P.H.I.L.) in Nevada: Joan S. Zenan and Terry A. Henner, Savitt Medical Library, University of Nevada School of Medicine, Reno.

History of the Health Sciences Section. Contributed Papers Session: Past Perfect for Present Tense

Moderator: Stephen J. Greenberg, History of Medicine Division, National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, Maryland.

Historical Investigation as “Scrap Craft”: Teaching Research with Original Sources to Occupational Therapy Students: Elizabeth R. Warner, Information Literacy Programs, and Beth A. Bensman, University Archives/Special Collections, Scott Memorial Library, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Can You Get Through to MEDLINE?: helen-ann brown [sic], Information Services, Samuel J. Wood Library/C.V. Starr Biomedical Information Center, Joan and Sanford I. Weill College of Medicine and Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Cornell University, New York.

From the Past to the Future: The Evolution of Electronic and Information Technology and Societal Factors Impacting on Health Care and Academic Health Sciences Libraries: Thomas A. Singarella, Health Sciences Library and Biocommunications Center, University of Tennessee, Memphis.

Desert Rheumatism: A Natural History of Valley Fever in Southern Arizona: Gerald (Jerry) Perry, Information Services, Arizona Health Sciences Library, University of Arizona, Tucson.

Nursing and Allied Health Resources Section. Invited Speaker Session

Moderator: Jeanne Gittings, Trinity Medical Center, Department of Library Services, Rock Island, Illinois.

Nurses as Information Seekers: An Historical Perspective: M. Patricia Donahue, Undergraduate Program, College of Nursing, University of Iowa, Iowa City.

Relevant Issues Section and Lesbian/Gay/Bisexual Health Sciences Librarians SIG. Joint Invited Speaker Session

Moderator: Gerald (Jerry) Perry, Information Services, Arizona Health Sciences Library, University of Arizona, Tucson.

Millennium Management: A Worklife Diversity Skills Workshop: Sandra Rios Balderama, American Library Association, Washington, DC.

Research, Medical Informatics, and, Hospital Libraries Sections. Joint Invited Speakers Panel: Research Process Panel: Expert Advice for Taking the Pain out of Research

Moderator: Gary D. Byrd, Health Sciences Library, University at Buffalo, New York.

Defining a Research Question: What Do You Really Want to Know?: P. Zoë Stavri, School of Information Resources and Library Science, University of Arizona, Tucson.

Choosing a Methodology: How Can You Answer Your Questions?: Jocelyn Rankin, Medical Library, Mercer University School of Medicine, Macon, Georgia.

Appropriate Analysis: How Can You Make Sense of Your Data?: Nancy Woelfl, McGoogan Library of Medicine, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha.

Winning Presentations: How Can You Present Your Results?: Joyce Backus, Public Services Division, National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, Maryland.

Following the afternoon sessions, members were invited to a reception at the headquarters of the American Medical Association.


On Tuesday, May 18, the following committees and groups held early-morning meetings: Benchmarking Task Force, Bylaws Committee, Chapter CE Chairs, Credentialing Committee, Editorial Board of the Bulletin of the Medical Library Association, Joseph Leiter NLM/MLA Lectureship Committee, and the Nursing and Allied Health Resources Section.

At the same time, Sunrise Seminars were conducted by: EBSCO Information Services, Doody's Review Service, The Faxon Company, National Library of Medicine, Niles Software, OCLC, Ovid Technologies, and Research Information Systems.

The Joseph Leiter NLM/MLA Lecture

Introduction: Suzanne F. Grefsheim, NIH Library, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland.

Can We Afford Technological Progress and an Aging Society?: Daniel Callahan, International Programs, The Hastings Center, Briarcliff Manor, New York.

Section programming III

Six program sessions were scheduled concurrently late Tuesday morning.

Cancer Librarians, Consumer and Patient Health Information, and Hospital Library Sections. Joint Invited Speaker Session: The Power of Imagery for Health and Wellness: The Mainstreaming of a Complementary Health Technique


Belleruth Naparstek, Image Paths, Inc., Cleveland, Ohio.

Collection Development, Public Services, and Technical Services Sections. Joint Contributed Papers Session: Digital Resources Issues & Management, Session II. Interface Design and Access

Moderator: Mary Buttner, Lane Medical Library, Stanford University, Stanford, California.

How Usable Is Your Web Site? A Case Study: Candice Benjes, Reference Department, and Janis Brown, Educational Resources, Learning Resources Center, Norris Medical Library, University of Southern California, Los Angeles.

If We Rebuild It, Will They Come? Reconstructing a Medical Library Web Site: Mary Jo Dorsey, Computer Media Center; Norm Medeiros, Technical Services; and Paul Wrynn, Collection Development; Ehrman Medical Library, New York University School of Medicine, New York.

Evolution of Web Access to Electronic Journal Subscriptions: Pamela M. Murnane, Digital Materials Management; Mary Buttner, Serials and Acquisitions; Dick R. Miller, Technical Services and Systems; Ying Li, Systems; Maria Feng, Bibliographic Management; and Randy Woelfel, Systems Software Development; Lane Medical Library, Stanford University, Stanford, California.

Restructuring Serial, Circulation, and Traditional Bibliographic Data for Deployment in Changing Digital Environments: Dick R. Miller, Technical Services and Systems; Mary Buttner, Serials and Acquisitions; Pamela M. Murnane, Digital Materials Management; Ying Li, Systems; Maria Feng, Bibliographic Management; Randy Woelfel, Systems Software Development; Prisdha Dharma; and Todd C. Grappone, Computing and Networking Services; Lane Medical Library, Stanford University, Stanford, California.

The Philadelphia Digital Image Library: Diana Zinnato, Collection Management; Beth Bensman, University Archives; and Edward W. Tawyea, Scott Memorial Library, Academic Information Services and Research (AISR), Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; and Michael Hamlin, Grazidio School of Business and Management, Pepperdine University, Malibu, California.

Educational Media and Technologies Section. Contributed Papers Session: Working in a Digital World, Session II. LRCs in Transition

Moderator: Eric Schnell, Prior Health Sciences Library, Ohio State University, Columbus.

Collaboration and Co-Leveraging between the LRC and the Dean's Office in Formation of a Graduate Medical Education Resource Center: Guillaume Van Moorsel, Education Services and Information Literacy, and Veronica Gornik, LRC, Academic Information Services and Research, Scott Memorial Library; and Clara Callahan, Office of Student Affairs, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

The Physician Leadership Academy Web Site: A Virtual Learning Resources Center: Gang Wu and Nancy Adams, Information Services, and Sandra Martin, Shiffman Medical Library, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan.

Working Toward a Digital Future: Issues Surrounding the Delivery of Educational Technology Services: James Duncan, Information Commons, Hardin Library for the Health Sciences, University of Iowa, Iowa City.

Square Pegs, Round Holes: Making Sense Out of the EMTS LRC Survey Results: Christine Frank, Information Services, and Bill Karnoscak, McCormick Educational Technology Center, Library of Rush University, Rush-Presbyterian-St. Luke's Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois.

Pharmacy and Drug Information, Hospital Libraries, Medical School Libraries, Medical Society Libraries, and Research Sections. Joint Contributed Papers Session: Evidence-Based Medicine: Implications for the Health Sciences Librarian and Other Health Professionals

Moderator: Robert H. Schrimsher, McWhorter School of Pharmacy, Samford University, Birmingham, Alabama.

It Takes a Village: Introducing Evidence-Based Medicine to a Community of Health Care Professionals: L. Friesen-Lynn, Hamady Health Sciences Library, Hurley Medical Center, Flint, Michigan.

Web-Based EBHC Journal Club for Hospital Librarians: Deborah Sobczak, Information Services, Helen L. Deroy Medical Library, Providence Hospital and Medical Centers, Southfield, Michigan.

An Interdisciplinary Approach to Incorporating EBHC Principles into Practice: Carol Scherrer, Information Services, Library of the Health Sciences, University of Illinois, Chicago; and Jo Dorsch, Library of the Health Sciences, University of Illinois, Peoria.

Relevant Issues and Public Health/Health Administration Libraries Section. Joint Contributed Papers Session: Youth Violence: The Present Is Tense. Issues to Address a Better Future

Moderator: Kathel Dunn, New York Academy of Medicine, New York City.

A Public Health Approach to Firearm Injury Prevention: Katherine Kaufer Christoffel, Handgun Epidemic Lowering Plan (HELP) Network, Chicago, Illinois.

Information into Action: Public Health Information for Youth Violence Prevention: Robin Tremblay-McGaw, Information Services, Injury and Violence Prevention Library, Trauma Foundation and Pacific Center for Violence Prevention, San Francisco, California.

Youth Violence Prevention Research, Programs, and Resources at the National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Sandra Bonzo, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.

Youth Violence Information: What's Out There & How Do I Get to It?: Robin Tremblay-McGaw, Information Services, Injury and Violence Prevention Library, Trauma Foundation and Pacific Center for Violence Prevention, San Francisco, California.

Research, Medical Informatics, and Hospital Libraries Sections. Joint Contributed Papers Session: Reports of Informatics Research Results: Understanding Our Present to Help Create a More Perfect Future

Moderator: Gary D. Byrd, Health Sciences Library, University at Buffalo, New York.

Using the Products of Clinical Librarianship to Design a Medical Knowledge Base: Kimbra Suzanne Wilder, Clinical Informatics; Rebecca Jerome; M. Dawn Miller, Information and Education Services; Sandra Martin, Education Services; Marcia Epelbaum, Library Operations/Health Information Services; and Nunzia B. Giuse; Eskind Biomedical Library, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee.

Information Behavior of Pediatric ER Physicians: Andrea C. Talbot, School of Library and Information Studies, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada.

Evaluating Outcomes of Technology Skills Training in an Outreach Population: Patricia Lee, Consultation Services; Dan McCollum, Document Delivery Service; and Nunzia B. Giuse; Eskind Biomedical Library, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee.

Information Needs and Information Seeking of Nurse Practitioners: Results of Interviews: Keith Cogdill, College of Library and Information Services, University of Maryland, College Park.

After the morning sessions, the following groups, sections, and special interest groups (SIGs) held meetings during the afternoon on Tuesday: Clinical Librarians SIG, Collection Development Section, Federal Libraries Section, Hospital Libraries Section, Medical Society Libraries Section, Molecular Biology and Genomics SIG, Problem-Based Learning SIG, Public Health/Health Administration Libraries Section, Public Services Section, Rehabilitation Hospital SIG, Relevant Issues Section, and Research Section. A Corporate Services Section formation meeting was held, and briefing meetings for chapter liaisons and Chicago liaisons were conducted by the MLA Credentialing Committee. The OVID Online User Group and the QuickDoc Users Group also met.

Legislative update

Introductions and Moderator: Marianne Puckett, Medical Center Library, Louisiana State University, Shreveport, and chair, MLA Governmental Relations Committee.

Speakers: Dave Kohn, press secretary for U.S. Representative John Porter (R-IL) who chairs the House Appropriations Subcommittee, which oversees NIH funding; Dale Dirks, president, Health and Medicine Council of Washington; and Professor Micky Voges, director of the Information Center and associate professor of law at Chicago-Kent College of Law at the Illinois Institute of Technology. She teaches copyright, privacy computer law, and emerging technologies and law.

Section programming IV

Four program sessions were scheduled concurrently for the late afternoon on Tuesday.

Federal Libraries, International Cooperation, Medical Informatics, Public Health/Health Administration Libraries, and Veterinary Medical Libraries Sections. Joint Contributed Papers Session: Cross-Connecting Issues in Global Health: Toward International Collaboration

Moderator: Diane Zehnpfennig, Armed Forces Medical Library, Falls Church, Virginia.

Training Internet Trainers in the New Independent States of the Former Soviet Union (NIS): Terry A. Henner, Information and Education Services, Savitt Medical Library, University of Nevada School of Medicine, Reno.

Enhancing Global Information Access to Infectious Diseases: Jie Li, Biomedical Library, University of South Alabama, Mobile; and Gang Wu, Shiffman Medical Library, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan.

Health Science Libraries in the Next Millennium in the Indian Context: Jagdish G. Sharma and Rajiv Sarin, Library, Tata Memorial Hospital, Parel, Mumbai, India.

The Metamorphosis of Biomedical Journals into Butterflies of Knowledge: Ronald LaPorte, Disease Monitoring and Telecommunications, WHO Collaborating Center, Pittsburgh, and Department of Epidemiology, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

Hospital Libraries Section. Invited Speaker Session: Information Technology Forum


From the Ridiculous to the Sublime: Automating When It Seems Impossible: Linda Van Wert, Forbes Medical Library, The Children's Hospital, Denver, Colorado.

Medical Informatics, Hospital Libraries, Medical School Libraries, and Research Sections. Joint Contributed Papers Session: Collaborating Today for a Better Tomorrow: Reports of Collaborative Research Crossing Disciplines, Institutions, Associations

Moderator: Debra S. Ketchell, Health Sciences Libraries, University of Washington, Seattle.

Collaboration in a Neonatal ICU Terminology Project: Beth G. Carlin and Ramak Amjad, Department of Health Management and Informatics, School of Medicine; and MaryEllen C. Sievert, School of Information Science and Learning Technologies, College of Education, and Department of Health Management and Informatics, School of Medicine; University of Missouri, Columbia.

Full-Text and MEDLINE Retrieval Using Quality Filters: MaryEllen C. Sievert, School of Information Science and Learning Technologies, College of Education, and Department of Health Management and Informatics, School of Medicine; Emma Jean McKinin, School of Information Science and Learning Technologies, College of Education; E. Diane Johnson, J. Otto Lottes Health Sciences Library; and David E. Moxley, Department of Health Management and Informatics, School of Medicine; University of Missouri, Columbia.

Evidence-Based Medicine in Public Health: A National Collaboration on the Efficacy of Motor Vehicle Injury Interventions: Christine C. Beahler, Health Sciences Libraries, University of Washington, Seattle.

From Guest Lecturer to Academic Partner: Integration of Librarian-Defined Health Care Informatics into the Core Curricula for Allied Health Sciences: Guillaume Van Moorsel, Education Services and Information Literacy; Elizabeth R. Warner, Information Literacy Programs; Scott Memorial Hospital, ASIR, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Michael D. Hamlin, Grazidio School of Business and Management, Pepperdine University, Malibu, California; and Sharon Renshaw, CHP Learning Resource Center, Department of Nursing, College of Health Professions, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Public Services Section and Outreach SIG. Joint Contributed Papers Session: Standards and Quality Assurance in Public Services

Moderator: Janna Lawrence, Briscoe Library, University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio.

Designing a Customer Service Survey Instrument for Use in Academic Medical Libraries: Mitch Walters, Web Services and Research; Brenda Berkins; Jon Crossno, Information Resource Center; Nancy Gotcher, Education Services; and Judi Hill; Library, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas.

A Marketing Plan as the Tool for Change: Enhancing Quality Service for the Future: Rosalie H. Stroman, Information Delivery Services Section and Marketing; John-Baptiste Auditore, Information and Educational Services Section; and Suzanne Grefsheim; National Institutes of Health Library, Bethesda, Maryland.

Developing Performance Standards: One Library's Experience: Mary Beth Klofas, Information and Access Services, Edward G. Miner Library, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, New York.

Literature Search Improvement Project: Gina Puente Hug, Agnes Bongero, and Valerie Reid, Sladen Library and Center for Health Information, Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, Michigan.

Business session II

President Jacqueline Doyle called the session to order and verified that a quorum was present. She called on Linda Watson to introduce the first item of new business.

Linda Watson: At the open forum yesterday, there was nearly unanimous support for a dues increase. Members voiced their support of the association and its programs, and both the tangible and intangible benefits to members and to the profession. One good example of the latter is MLA's strong participation in a legislative agenda, an agenda that we just heard about in the Legislative Update. We also heard support for the benchmarking project that will be of special importance to hospital libraries.

Someone asked the question what would happen if the dues increase was not passed, which programs would have to be cut. I answered that our new initiatives for 1999 were being supported by our Shaping the Future Fund and by a transfer of $95,000 from our reserves. If the dues increase does not pass, the September board meeting, which focuses on planning and the development of the best plan for the year 2000, will face some very difficult choices.

Finally, concerns were expressed about the dues structure, including tying future dues increases to the consumer price index (CPI) each year, to avoid such large increases all at once. Developing a more graduated dues structure depending on library salary was also mentioned. We also heard from our Canadian members about the affects of the exchange rate on them. All these issues will be referred to the Membership Committee and others for exploration following this meeting.

On behalf of the Board of Directors, I move that the Medical Library Association member dues be increased as follows, effective January 1, 2000. For individual members in the category of active voting membership, the amounts would be: regular member, $135.00; regular member with an annual salary less than $24,000, $80.00; introductory member, $90.00; and emeritus member, $50.00. For individual members in the subclasses of nonvoting membership, the amounts would be: affiliate member, $80.00; international member, $90.00; student member, $30.00. For institutional members, the amounts would be: zero to 199 subscriptions, $210.00; 200 to 299 subscriptions, $285.00; 300 to 599 subscriptions, $345.00; 600 to 999 subscriptions, $415.00; and 1,000 or more subscriptions, $495.00. There is no second needed for this motion as it comes from the board.

President Doyle called for discussion and the following speakers made comments.


Susan Frey, South Central Regional Library Council, Ithaca, New York: Although personally I don't disagree with the raising of dues, some of my colleagues might have concerns about the people who are not here, and so, I would like to voice on their behalf that the medical librarians in small libraries don't have the budget for a large membership fee structure such as what has been presented, and it might discourage them from becoming a member, and this is the forum that they really need to be part of, and I would hesitate to discourage that. So, on behalf of some of the smaller libraries where the salaries are lower, and the budget does not accommodate that, I would like to speak out that we need to consider those libraries as well, and those are the people that probably aren't at this meeting.

Audrey A. Bondar, Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, Michigan: I was wondering if a portion of the increase could be offset by possibly taking the Bulletin and other mailings and putting them on the Web site, as opposed to always sending the print and making it an option as to whether or not you want the print or just having access. Not everybody has speedy access on the Internet, and what is the cost per year per member for mailing these things out?

Ms. Doyle: We don't have that number at our fingertips, but what you have described is actually one of our initiatives to make our publications more and more electronic. We don't know exactly how that's going to evolve yet, or what the cost implications are, but both of those are being investigated, and it may or may not have an impact on what the dues might have to be.

Dorrie Slutsker, Chiron Corporation, Emeryville, California: I would speak against raising the dues because I feel that we don't get very good service from MLA right now. I got my program for this meeting a month after my colleagues in the same geographic area. I have not got my membership directory for the last two years, and whenever I call the office I get a machine and it takes two or three days for someone to call me back. I think that maybe MLA needs to look at its own operations for trimming some expenses that are maybe unnecessary, before asking us to pay more money, and if you are going to ask us to pay more money, I would like to see more services from this organization, like advocacy for librarian salaries and maybe unions for librarians to raise our status in this society.

Hearing no further discussion, President Doyle called the question and the motion was passed by a vote of 322 in favor and sixty opposed.

Ms. Doyle recognized Wayne Peay from the audience.

Wayne Peay, University of Utah, Salt Lake City: Yesterday's discussion, I thought, was a good one and there were many substantive issues raised. I would request that the board respond directly to those issues, either in the MLA News or on MLANET. I think that's a good faith effort on the part of the membership yesterday, and it deserves a good faith effort on the part of the board. I would also like to speak specifically about tying salaries to dues. Saying it would be too much work is not a good faith response.

President Doyle: Actually, I was just going to say that every issue, concern, suggestion, or idea that was raised yesterday, as well as those we just heard today, both concerns and suggestions, will be taken under very serious consideration by board and staff, together with the Membership Committee. So, I expect that you will hear from us electronically and in print responding just as Wayne has suggested, so that you will know exactly what we research and what we discover, and what possible methods can be put into place. So, yes, we will, indeed, do that, and I do again thank you for stating those ideas and suggestions and concerns. They are very valuable.

President Doyle then extended thanks and presented certificates to retiring board members Elaine Russo Martin, James Shedlock, Patricia Thibodeau, and Linda Watson. She next presented a special plaque to Rachael Anderson as retiring immediate past president of MLA. President Doyle welcomed and introduced incoming board members J. Michael Homan, Nancy Henry, Julie McGowan, Jocelyn Rankin, and Jean Shipman. President-Elect Frieda Weise rose to present Jacqueline Doyle with an outgoing presidential gift.

President Doyle then presented to the assembly and passed the presidential gavel to the MLA 1999/2000 President Frieda Weise, who gave her inaugural address.

Inaugural address: Renewing Our Commitment

Frieda Weise: Thank you, President Doyle.

Members of the board, MLA headquarters staff, members of MLA, and guests. This afternoon I have the honor of addressing you on my perspectives, and my hopes, fears, and priorities, for the direction of MLA over the next year—a year that starts a new century and is fraught with symbolism, looked forward to with trepidation and fear by some and with hope and enthusiasm by others. I look ahead to it with some sense of urgency, as a time when we in MLA must renew our commitment to the values and goals of our profession and our organization.

As I was contemplating this inaugural address, it occurred to me that my father was born in 1899 and would have been 100 years old this year, just like MLA. He was born on the eve of a new century, only a year after MLA was founded in 1898. I liked to call him a nineteenth century man—although I would not call MLA a nineteenth century organization.

He was born in a small town in Germany into a family of eight. I never met all of them. According to records, my grandfather was a “laborer” and he was an illegitimate child, his mother refusing to name the father. You can imagine the speculation! He emigrated to the United States after World War I, the Great War, and brought my mother here in 1929 in time for the depression, but still better off than in Germany at the time. As a child of poor immigrants who lacked formal education, like many others in this country, I have learned how fortunate we are that our parents took that great risk, leaving home, family, country, and everything familiar to come here and start a new life. Why am I telling you this? Well, for several reasons. First, so you have some idea of my past, because the past does shape us. Second, because I admire my parents and those millions of immigrants who come here to start a new life. I believe we as a profession should be like those immigrants in some ways—looking toward a better future, prepared to take risks and, if need be, leaving some of our old trappings behind.

MLA had a fabulous birthday celebration in Philadelphia last year. I hope you were there, and we have been celebrating its 100th birthday this past year. We have many reasons to celebrate. We have the strengths that are derived from our energetic, dedicated, and thoughtful membership to propel us forward. The three who founded the MLA, Sir William Osler, George Gould, and Margaret Charlton back in 1898, would be proud, and probably amazed, at what we have become. We have an organization that is progressive and forward thinking, even though much of what we are is rooted in preserving the past. Our organization is based on a solid foundation of values and adheres to a code of ethics second to none. Our values statement and our code of ethics really are quite inspirational. Let me read you the introduction to the Statement of Values.

We believe that the Medical Library Association serves society by improving health through the provision of information for the delivery of health care, the education of health professionals, the conduct of research, and the public's understanding of health. [1]

The Code of Ethics is equally strong and here I paraphrase …

The librarian:

  • [filled square] believes that knowledge is the sine qua non of informed decisions in health care;
  • [filled square] promotes access to health information for all and promotes intellectual freedom;
  • [filled square] ensures that the best available information is provided to the client and ensures confidentiality;
  • [filled square] provides leadership and expertise in knowledge-based information systems;
  • [filled square] advances and advocates knowledge and standards of the profession;
  • [filled square] maintains high standards of professional integrity and professionalism. [2]

A few weeks ago I represented MLA at the Congress on Professional Education sponsored by the American Library Association. The congress included 150 educators and practitioners from all library organizations and kinds of libraries. The objective was to start looking at the issues involved in preparing professional librarians for the first professional degree. One of the exercises was to reach consensus on the top five values of the library profession. The top five values as ranked by the group were:

  • [filled square] access
  • [filled square] intellectual freedom
  • [filled square] professionalism (which included innovation, creativity, research, professional development)
  • [filled square] service (quality and excellence)
  • [filled square] respect

I was very pleased to see that all of these and more are reflected in our Code of Ethics.

We do have an organization that can and does provide our membership with the foundation we will need to flourish in the twenty-first century.

Sometimes it is instructive to look at the past—to see whether we can learn anything from it to help us in looking into the future. When we look at the past of health sciences librarianship, say the last twenty-five to thirty-five years, what we see are tremendous changes in how we do business both internally and externally. We've seen the information explosion and the online revolution (from batch processing to the Web). We've seen the costs of information skyrocket and we know of at least one title that costs as much as a new Saturn. We've seen a surge in new libraries and then a retreat. We have seen the role of librarian change from custodian of books to knowledge navigator, facilitator, and educator. We have seen the emergence of electronic journals and new concerns over licensing and copyright. Librarians are Web developers and managers; we have seen librarians normally in the background take center stage in their institution's information systems organization. Librarians are members of the health care team, information managers, and consultants. Now we are seriously addressing consumer health and support for distance education. I'm sure all of you could recount dozens of other changes and new roles we have been part of. Some of these changes were of our own doing; many of the changes were in response to the environment. Some were predicted, others weren't. I believe it shows remarkable fortitude, flexibility, and intelligence on our part to have reinvented ourselves so many times. I'm sorry to say we must continue to do so.

One of my favorite poets, Tennyson, wrote in Locksley Hall:

I dipt into the future, far as human eye could see,

Saw the Vision of the world and all the wonder that would be.

I often try to envision the world only twenty years from now and find it very difficult to do. Yogi Berra, one of our American heroes, commented that “it's hard to make predictions, especially about the future,” and I agree. However we can monitor trends and anticipate. (Being a baseball fan [the Chicago Cubs] I think it is rather fitting to quote Berra, but as president of MLA, I think you expect more! How about “the truth is out there”?) What do we see as we peer into the future? Is the truth out there?

I would like to draw your attention to some predictions made in the Matheson and Cooper Report published in 1982 (a mere seventeen years ago!), Academic Information in the Academic Health Sciences Center: Roles for the Library in Information Management, and some predictive questions asked by Lois Ann Colaianni in 1980 only nineteen years ago, in her presidential address. In the Matheson and Cooper Report, a scenario for twenty years hence was projected—that would be 2002. It reads:

Generally, however, the world 20 years from now might resemble something not too radically different from today. Education may be largely individualized; professionals may receive most of their new information through electronic media; libraries may be less repositories than management systems for a variety of computer-stored files that they use to disseminate information. Researchers may work in groups irrespective of geographical location, using computer services extensively for data analyses. As research becomes more specialized, more people may be needed to evaluate results and relate them to the existing knowledge base. …

Numerous new electronic intelligence systems eliminate the obstacles imposed on physicians by human memory. … The physician and the patient jointly consult these systems to evaluate available treatment alternatives. [3]

These don't sound so farfetched—maybe we're not there yet, but somewhat close. When this work was written, the network concept was still in its infancy, but since then networking, communications, and especially the Web have had the most profound impact on us and our work. Think of these dates and facts for a moment. BITNET, the “because it's time” network, was started with e-mail and list servers in 1981. In 1983, desktop workstations came into being. In 1986, NSFNET brought an explosion of university connections. In 1987, the number of hosts equaled 10,000. In 1991, the Web was released. In 1992, the number of hosts had grown to one million. “Surfing the Internet” is coined by Jean Amour Pally (according to Hobbes Internet timeline). Finally, in 1999, the number of hosts is 43,230,000 [4].

These dates indicate how fast technology is moving, and we must move with it.

In her presidential address in 1980, two years before the Matheson Report, “Where There Is No Vision the People Perish,” Lois Ann Colaianni asked some pointed, rather frightening questions that also predicted the future. These questions are more relevant now, more pertinent to today than she, or we, could have realized in 1980. Let me quote a few and see what you think.

What would be the effect of the disappearance of the printed journal on our libraries and our networks? Would there be access to all journals or a group of journals on a pay as you go basis. Who will provide bibliographic organization and control? Who will determine access? If the end user accesses files directly, what is left for the librarian to do? [5]

The Web makes this scenario possible now, and it will support access to information like that envisioned by Dr. Varmus at NIH. The plan, recently disseminated via e-mail and discussed in both Nature and Sciences, and dubbed E-biomed, envisions and I quote:

In the plan we envision, E-biomed would transmit and maintain, in both permanent on-line and downloaded archives, reports in the many fields that constitute biomedical research, including clinical research, cell and molecular biology, medically-related behavioral research, bioengineering, and other disciplines allied with biology and medicine. The essential feature of the plan is simplified, instantaneous, cost-free access by potential readers to E-biomed's entire content in a manner that permits each reader to pursue his or her own interests as productively as possible. We have attempted to endow the plan with the flexibility necessary for evolution as patterns of use become established and as new opportunities for enriching the system are proposed. And we suggest a mechanism for governance (the E-biomed Governing Board) that involves all of the parties concerned—the scientific community (readers and authors), editors, computer specialists, and funding agencies. [6]

This was taken from an e-mail on the Web.

Please note: Librarians or libraries are not mentioned. Is it an oversight? Should we be concerned? Should we get involved? If so, how? How should MLA respond? We have prepared a response expressing our interest in being included on the governing board as well as indicating areas in which libraries can help to make this a useful product for our users.

This past year as president-elect, I have thought about our profession very seriously. I have asked myself “How are we doing as a whole?” My conclusion is that we are doing surprisingly well, given the changes and challenges over the last twenty-five years. We have evolved nicely, but can we continue to thrive when we are threatened with marginalization by those who think we are irrelevant because of new technology? Or because they do not know or do not believe that we are prepared to meet the challenges of the technologically dense and dependent environment of the twenty-first century? As we have with other technologies, we must treat the Web and its impact as an opportunity to evolve yet again. We must see the big picture, remember that we are in the information and knowledge business and transfer our core values and skills into the new situation that now exists.

Web technology is an important tool for us to achieve our goals in supporting some of our new opportunities in distance learning and consumer health as well as many current services. We also have a role in Web development, filtering and organizing information on the Web. Think of all the hours you and your staff already devote to Web activities. We need to think about new services we can provide via the Web. Collaboration with computing and communications departments will increase and in some cases be managed by the library. Services like E-biomed will present us with another opportunity to add value to our information resource and services for our clients.

What we in MLA must do is to renew our commitment to enable our members to anticipate the future and prepare them to play different roles. Mr. Burrus gave us some valuable tips in how to look at the visible future. We must renew our commitment to support the profession as it evolves.

I have chosen as my theme this year, Renewing Our Commitment.

In my statement of aims for the MLA presidency, I said that no president acts alone, but rather must listen to and heed the advice of the membership, board, and headquarters staff. I have tried to do that this past year in developing the priorities for my presidency. In fact I got a few ideas from members this week. I'm pleased to say that the priorities for 1999/2000 that I proposed are supported by the board and I hope that you, the membership, will scrutinize them and support them as well. Our strategic plan, upon which these priorities are based, is an evolving, living plan. That means it can be changed or tweaked and I for one would love to hear from you about it. My priorities were published in the MLA News in April and will appear in the new Directory. Let me recount them for you briefly.

Professional Development—Goal 1

There has been a lot of discussion about reinventing the librarian and the profession: we should be more savvy technologically, more entrepreneurial, more collaborative, better risk takers, better leaders in our institutions, do more research, provide broader services to health care consumers, do better PR—the list goes on and on. I think we have accomplished much along these lines.

The tallest feather in the MLA hat is probably its continuing education (CE) program. Just looking at the array of courses offered at this meeting tells you that we are addressing the most current needs of members. Examples: courses in consumer health, research methods, evidence based practice, Web-based presentations, media talk: working to get the coverage you need, Web resources, telemedicine, meta analysis. Plus the “Prepared for Now … Primed for Tomorrow” institute sponsored by the Hospital Library Section.

MLA has a deep commitment to assist and support our members in their life-long learning endeavors. However, we can and must do more. I recently attended a conference where I heard a discussion of the “Learning College Concept,” which stresses learning first and provides a variety of educational experiences for learners. I like the motto “any way, any time, and any place” and I think it should be adopted by MLA's CE program. For our members, learning and professional development opportunities should be perpetual, distributed, and interactive,—PDI. We have begun to use methodologies such as satellite broadcasts and Web-based courses and must continue to enhance our programs to reach those who cannot attend meetings such as this. This year we will be looking at the Report of the Task Force on Professional Development and its recommendations regarding establishing a Center of Excellence.

To prepare our members for leadership roles in their institutions and in the profession may require more than CE types of learning however. Mentoring is an effective way to support professional development that is somewhat more “ad hoc.”

Mentoring. I was extraordinarily fortunate throughout my library career to have mentors along the way—and what mentors they were: Gwen Cruzat, Irwin Pizer, Maxine Hanke, Phyllis Mirsky, Cyril Feng, to name a few. These people took the time to give me advice and support, and a model to aspire to even if they didn't know it.

Our entry level and mid-career librarians and students can benefit from the knowledge of their experienced colleagues whether this be an informal or formal encounter. As stated in the book, Management as a New Technology, “cultivating mentoring relationships is one of the most important management supporting technologies a manager can use” [7]. This coming year an MLA board task force will be developing a mentoring program. Some chapters have already done work in this area, which we can use as a model. But I urge all of you in management, administrative, and leadership and senior positions to encourage and support the development of staff and new people entering the profession; to give them your counsel and give them opportunities to try out their wings and realize their dreams.

Advocacy—Goal 2

In January, the Washington Post had an article entitled “The Changing Mission of Libraries” in its Outlook Section and another entitled “The Digital Librarian” in the Post Magazine [8, 9]. Both were very positive articles about libraries and librarians and their new roles. The Wall Street Journal had an article about health information on the Internet—it mentioned health sciences librarians and MLA. Yours truly was on National Public Radio discussing the role of the librarian on the Internet for consumer health information. Jacque and other board members have been interviewed. Why is this interesting? Because each one of these stories is the result of good PR and advocacy. Advocacy is one of the key roles of MLA, which is too often overlooked by the membership because it is intangible. Advocacy for the profession can take many forms: This coming year our priorities in this area include:

  • [filled square] Targeting appropriate hospital publications to promote the value of the librarian. We will be working with our public relations firm, PCI, whom we hired for the centennial year.
  • [filled square] Comparing salary levels and analyzing similarities between computing staff and librarians (knowledge, skills, abilities). We need a document that can be used with administrators and human resources departments; our salary survey alone cannot do this.
  • [filled square] Promoting study of the value of knowledge-based information in the clinical setting. We propose to work with researchers in library and information science schools who in the past have provided studies on this topic, for example the Rochester study.
  • [filled square] MLA as a broker for licensing databases. We have begun conversations with vendors and will pursue the idea this year.
  • [filled square] Developing a new logo that is snappy and eye catching. You wonder what the logo is now, don't you? If you don't know, who else will?
  • [filled square] A name change. I heard what you said about a name change. There will be no name change while I am president. I have always found it quite interesting, however, that many computing departments call themselves “information services” when in fact it is the library that is providing the information and the service! One of our goals is to become more inclusive of other professional groups. Broadening our name with a tagline to something like MLA: the Association of Health Information Professionals, may do that.

I'm sure you have heard the tale of how the demise of railroads came about. They forgot they were in the transportation business, not the railroad business. We have to remember that we are not in the library business, but the information and knowledge business.

Organization—Goal 3

Most of us have mortgages, car payments, tuition bills, and we try to keep a check on credit card purchases. It would be easy to run up $10,000, because those companies will raise your limit in a flash. But we try to be responsible, just as MLA must be responsible and operate in a fiscally sound manner.

Dues increase. Thank you, thank you, thank you for passing the dues increase!

The call for a dues increase was not frivolous; we will not be able to sustain programs next year by going into our reserves again. As you have heard, the percentage of dues support for MLA is lower than other associations our size, only 24%. However, we must also constantly evaluate the cost/benefit of our programs. This year, we propose to look at both the publications program, which just breaks even, and the Exchange, which is subsidized. Additionally the MLANET Editorial Board will be investigating the support of MLANET through advertising, much like we have the for the MLA Directory. We are also investigating additional benefits for institutional membership. Those who are concerned about what you are getting from MLA for your dues, I urge you to look at the 1998–1999 Year in Review that you received in your registration packet.

Reducing organizational complexity. A complaint often heard is that we are too complex an organization, too many competing units and programs. The Governance Task Force recommended eliminating some committees. I would like us to continue looking at this issue. I know this is a delicate issue, but I ask only for an examination—we could become stronger by consolidating.

Participation in the association. I want each of you to look at the ten people closest to you. How many of them do you know? MLA is a great place for networking and making life-long friends. It is even better if you become involved and participate—participate any way you can—chapter, section, committee. As president-elect, one is responsible for committee appointments and this year 100% of applicants got onto a committee. There are many ways to volunteer and I urge you to take an active role.

Research—Goal 4

One of the hallmarks of a profession is the body of knowledge that is its underpinning. This body of knowledge should grow, evolve, and sometimes be weeded. The Research Implementation Task Force is developing a set of recommendations to foster research that the board will be implementing this coming year. Our priority this year focuses on the development of infrastructure to support research. Already underway is the bench-marking initiative that will result in a minimum data set for hospital libraries. Those of you in academic libraries are familiar with the AAHSL statistics (maybe too familiar every fall when they're due!), which present data with which libraries can be compared. The benchmarking will support our hospital libraries by providing a set of baseline data.

National Information Policy—Goal 5

One often hears there is strength in numbers. However, I think that's true only if you have the right players and the right organization. MLA has collaborated with a number of other organizations to affect national information policy in our favor. The AAHSL/MLA Legislative Task Force is a good example of successful lobbying in Washington to support the NLM, next generation Internet, telemedicine, and other issues. We have joined with ACRL and ALA to support copyright legislation. Most recently we have contributed to SPARC, the Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition, set up by ARCL in 1997, whose goal it is to compete with expensive titles. For example, SPARC teamed up with the U.K. Royal Society of Chemistry to launch an electronic journal, PhysChemComm that will sell at $353 to compete with Elsevier's $8,000 Chemical Physics Letters [10]. We have also contributed to the Shared Legal Capability Coalition (SLC), whose goal it is to exert a joint library community position on key intellectual property policy issues. For example, this year we supported the Digital Millennium Copyright Act, which updates the copyright law for the use of digital information.

In a democracy, everyone is expected to participate and that includes you. One way to help our members influence legislation is to provide access to their congressmembers through MLANET. This has been put in place.

It is essential that we partner with our colleagues in other library associations on national information policies and issues so that our views will be heard and so that we will keep abreast of developments. This does cost money, but we can't afford to go it alone and surprises in this area are not good!

Information Technology—Goal 6

MLANET is our face to the world, and we must be sure it is the one we want to present. We must continue to enhance it as an information and communication tool for members, as a public relations tool, and as a tool for e-commerce, probably the biggest development coming along over the next few years. To achieve this takes personnel resources with talent and imagination, and we must ensure that support is not allowed to slip. We now have an editorial board in place and we vow to keep MLANET one of our very top priorities.

Lastly, I would like to see the Bulletin published electronically. After all, we're in the electronic information business and we should be up front. We will be investigating implementation this year.


Isaac Asimov, a science fiction writer, said that if his doctor told him he only had six minutes to live, he wouldn't brood. He would type faster. While I'm sure we have more than six minutes, I do feel a sense of urgency for our future.

As we look ahead into the next century, I think it is important that we renew our commitment to the fundamental values of our profession, but that like our immigrant forebears, we leave old baggage behind and be practical risk takers. We must use all the tools technology has to offer as well as all the creative spirit the human mind has to offer to keep ahead of the curve. We do not want to be marginalized like the railroad business and we definitely don't want to be toast!

Finally, we need our sense of fun and humor. A cartoon I saw recently said “lotsa unknown stuff can happen to us tomorrow, but nothing unknown can happen to us yesterday.”

I leave you with that. Thank you for being such an attentive audience, and I look forward to working with you into the twenty-first century.


  • Medical Library Association. The strategic plan of the Medical Library Association 1997–2002. In. Directory of the Medical Library Association. Chicago, IL: The Association. 1998.  43–4.
  • Medical Library Association. Code of ethics for health sciences librarianship. In. Directory of the Medical Library Association. Chicago, IL: The Association. 1998.  51.
  • Matheson NW, Cooper JAD. Academic information in the academic health sciences center. roles for the library in information management. J Med Educ. 1982;57(10):24. [PubMed]
  • Zakon RH. Hobbes' Internet timeline. [Web document]. Internet Society, 1999. <http://info.isoc.org/guest/zakon/Internet/History/HIT.html>.
  • Colaianni LA. Where there is no vision the people perish. Bull Med Libr Assoc. 1980 Oct;68(4):321–6. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Varmus H. E-mail from varmus@nih.gov. E-biomed: a proposal for electronic publication in the biomedical sciences. [Draft]. 22April1999.
  • Badawy MK. Management as a new technology. New York, NY: McGraw Hill. 1993 .
  • Casey W. The changing mission of libraries. The Washington Post. January1999.  2:C3.
  • De Duc D. The digital librarian. Washington Post Magazine. 1999 Jan;10:9.
  • Butler D. The writing is on the Web for science journals in print. Nature. 1999 Jan 21;397(6716):195–200. [PubMed]

Ms. Weise then called June Fulton, chair of the MLA Centennial Coordinating Committee, to bring the Centennial Celebration to a conclusion.

MLA's Centennial: Let the Memories Live on

June Fulton: We know that sooner or later, all good things must come to an end. Your Centennial Coordinating Committee hopes that you enjoyed the centennial experience as much as we enjoyed creating it for you. Our goal was to ensure that MLA's centennial was celebrated in a manner befitting the importance of this milestone in the life of the association. As an organizing committee, we have learned a great deal, and it's too bad that none of us will be around to share our wisdom with the Bicentennial Coordinating Committee. On second thought, I think one of us probably will—the unstoppable, Lucretia McClure!

Before we close this chapter of MLA's history, I have been asked to recap the highlights. I would like to begin by putting this unique event in perspective. I ask you to imagine for a moment that you have given a party, not just any party, but a special party, in fact, the party of the century. Each and every detail was meticulously planned over a five-year period and tens of thousands of dollars were spent to ensure the right outcome. Now it's over, you breathe a sigh of relief, and you ask yourself, was it a success? What would you measure?

This is not such an easy question, for there are many measures. For example, to know how well the guests liked their food, you would look at what was left on their plates. To know if they liked the entertainment, you would note whether anyone left the room while the band was playing, and to know if they really had a good time, you would listen, not to what they said to you, but to what they said to each other when they thought you were out of earshot. However, the truest measure of your success would not come until some time had passed, and you could gauge what people remembered about your party. Join me as we revisit the centennial to remember.

Promotional efforts

MLA was fortunate to have an executive director who understood the importance of starting early and commissioning the help of experts. The committee was appointed in 1993, and a public relations firm was later hired. The committee knew that the centennial provided a unique opportunity to gain recognition for the profession, and activities to support this goal became our highest priority. We developed a slogan, crafted to gain the attention of external audiences. The slogan, “Librarians: Your Health Information Connection,” was then incorporated into the design of a centennial logo. Equipped with our official logo, we were ready to begin developing promotional materials.

My committee was not lacking in creativity, but as librarians, we felt a responsibility to track the literature on the anniversary celebrations of other organizations. I established a weekly alert and watched for any novel idea worthy of appropriation. Most projects were predictable, but not always. When aspirin turned 100, Bayer celebrated by draping 22,500 square meters of fabric over its thirty-story headquarters building, thus creating the world's largest aspirin box and earning a place in the Guinness Book of World Records.

Many of our projects, while not as extravagant, were also designed to appeal to the public. Headquarters added information on the centennial to MLA's Web site, and then kept this information up-to-date prior to and throughout the centennial. We considered a postage stamp, but our PR firm advised that a more practical and surefire approach would be to produce centennial seals. These seals, funded by my institution, were created early enough to help build excitement for the centennial's arrival.

Planning kits were produced to assist MLA's chapters and sections in formulating centennial projects of their own. Included were such useful items as a sample press release and a tip sheet for working with the media. Committee members filled in the gaps. Eloise Foster wrote a brief one-page history of MLA, and Michael Homan wrote a description of today's health sciences librarian. It was in Michael's piece that the phrase “passion for the profession” was introduced. So much did we like this phrase that it was used in other ways, most notably as the title and theme for our centennial video.

The video was designed not just for the centennial, but to promote health sciences librarianship as a career. It portrays health sciences librarians as “leaders” in information management and technology. The video was first played at the 1998 Annual Meeting, and, as we saw, it is fast-paced and professional in its look and feel. It begins by replaying clips from recent televised news stories dealing with medical information topics. It goes on to juxtapose quotes from MLA's founders with comments from contemporary librarians.

I began submitting articles in 1995 to the MLA News under the series title, “Centennial Watch.” I covered both general topics, such as historical events in 1898, and specific projects of the committee, such as the time capsule. In an article in 1996, I invited you to test your knowledge of MLA history by taking a quiz. This educational effort was expanded with an electronic quiz at our booth at the 1996 Annual Meeting.

The committee felt that it was essential that all important milestones be recorded, both for MLA and for the profession. Lucretia McClure volunteered for the assignment, aided by the Membership Committee and the National Library of Medicine. The milestones were graphically displayed as blips on the timelines of a very large poster that was hard to miss in the registration area at the 1998 Annual Meeting.

As you know, our Centennial Celebration spanned a year, from the 1998 Annual Meeting to this annual meeting. We knew that most chapters would be celebrating the centennial at their own annual meetings, and we wanted to develop an exhibit that would capture the flavor of the centennial. A traveling exhibit was created by MLA headquarters for loan to chapters that included many of the items I am highlighting today.

MLA histories

The first project that MLA undertook for the centennial was to commission a history. Jennifer Connor, research fellow at the Institute for the History and Philosophy of Science and Technology, University of Toronto, was chosen for this important assignment. Rather than present the association's history as a chronological narrative of events, admittedly a dry and hackneyed approach, she chose to explore the major issues and trends that have influenced MLA's members and the course of the association. An example of one such issue is the tension that existed between librarians and physicians in MLA's infancy. We would be a very different association today if physicians had continued to be the dominant players in the affairs of MLA. The history, entitled Guardians of Medical Knowledge, is due to be released this summer.

Ms. Connor pointed out that her approach to MLA's history would leave many gaps, and she suggested a number of complementary studies for the would-be historians amongst us. One of these suggestions called for the preparation of MLA chapter and section histories. The committee's liaisons, Ada Seltzer and Mary Ryan, encouraged chapters and sections to write their histories, aided by guidelines developed by headquarters to promote consistency. Because some chapters and sections also were celebrating important anniversaries, the project took on added significance. The histories were recently posted on MLANET.

Centennial issue of the Bulletin

Carolyn Lipscomb was an ideal choice as editor of the Bulletin's special “Centennial Symposia” issue. This issue, published in April 1998, examined MLA's 100 years from three perspectives: the personalities, the association history, and the association as a reflection of the profession and society. Both reprints and newly commissioned articles are used to bring MLA's history to life, as the reader discovers the personality traits of legendary figures and the continuity of values and issues that are the underpinning of our association.

I asked Carolyn to share with me some of the reactions of those who read the special issue. Carolyn's most prized message was received from Estelle Brodman. This message, sent electronically, could not serve as a better or more poignant tribute, and I quote:

Congratulations on the wonderful centennial issue of the MLA Bulletin, which I have just finished reading from cover to cover. As a former editor of the Bulletin I know how much effort such an issue requires and all of us owe you a vote of thanks. Future historians will find your work a wonderful picture of what MLA has done and what it has stood for over the years. As for me personally I am beginning to feel like the “oldest living inhabitant” as I read and remember much of what is in the various articles and the people now gone who acted in them.

Time capsule

Time capsules often serve as focal points for groups celebrating important anniversaries. The committee thought about the multitude of sundry items that might be included in an MLA time capsule, and we let our imaginations run wild. With some irreverence, we even speculated on which of our colleagues we would volunteer for the long journey. Out of such jesting, creative ideas often grow, and so it was that the idea for a centennial time traveler took root. The name of the lucky individual who will travel in time to represent us in the year 2098 will be announced at the conclusion of this presentation.

Historians take a dim view of time capsules, but I think they miss the point. A time capsule is a lot like a greeting card, but with an envelope made of stainless steel rather than paper. Our missive carries both a bicentennial birthday greeting and a bon voyage wish for the safe passage of our colleagues into the next century. The items we have so carefully chosen for our time capsule are incidental in this regard. As with even the sappiest greeting card, it is the thought that counts.

Anything you possibly could want to know about time capsules was covered in last year's presentation by Lois Ann Colaianni. Her address was lively, entertaining, and informative. As an added bonus, we were treated to a graphic illustration of how objects, familiar to us, could be seriously misinterpreted by a future generation. Jewelry, fashioned from common bathroom objects, gave us a howl when we realized that the model was none other than the usually dignified Lois Ann.

The core group of items in our time capsule was suggested by the committee, but in addition, members of MLA responded to several invitations to contribute ideas. A suggestion box was positioned next to the capsule's display case at the 1998 Annual Meeting. The task of collecting close to 100 items for the time capsule fell to headquarters, specifically Mary Langman, and we are very grateful for her efforts.

Our time capsule has been on display for the past year at the National Library of Medicine. It will be sealed after the addition of the biography of our time traveler and transported to a cave in Boyers, Pennsylvania. We thank the National Library of Medicine for all of its assistance on this project and for providing a safe haven in its storage facility, located 268 feet below ground in a seventy-mile network of caves. In fulfilling our final obligation as care taker, we have registered our time capsule with the International Time Capsule Society.

Centennial awards

The Awards Committee accepted responsibility for developing special awards for the centennial and ultimately decided on two: (1) the identification of 100 members known for their outstanding contributions to MLA and (2) the selection of a national figure known for his or her advocacy of information and education as a means to promote the health and welfare of the public.

The task of identifying MLA's Most Notables was greatly simplified when the Awards Committee decided to use the list of past presidents, the recipients of the Marcia C. Noyes Award, and the Janet Doe Lecturers. With bated breath, we waited while the count was taken. Miraculously, and as if by divine validation, the number totaled exactly 100. While there was overlap, only ten individuals received all three honors: Scott Adams, Gertrude Annan, Alfred Brandon, Estelle Brodman, Lois Ann Colaianni, Louise Darling, Erika Love, Nina Matheson, Lucretia McClure, and Frank Bradway Rogers. (And to think, Bob Braude has worked for them all!)

While the selection method for MLA's Most Notables was good, it was not infallible. Some omissions were discovered that have now been rectified. First, Margaret Charlton, one of MLA's founders, never received an award nor served as president. Second, it was recently discovered that the list of Noyes award winners used for the project was incomplete, hence, four names were missing. So much for divine validation; our poster is now comprised of MLA's 105 Most Notables.

Some interesting facts about MLA's history emerge from viewing the poster. For example, the number of men represented is 56 and the number of women 49. In the first 25 years, there was only 1 woman president. In the last 25 years, only 5 men have served as president. Anyone care to hazard a guess about the next 100 years?

C. Everett Koop was the recipient of our special Centennial Award to honor a public figure with a record of accomplishments in promoting the health and welfare of the public through information and education.


A poster appealed to the committee because we thought it would generate publicity for the profession when prominently displayed in our members' institutions. While support for the poster was unanimous, deciding on the poster's content proved to be a challenge. We thought about the success of ALA's posters of famous people; however, we did not wish to be confused with ALA. Besides, who would we have selected, George Clooney?

After learning that the covers of the Bulletin would be specially designed for the centennial, we decided to modify the artwork from a Bulletin cover for our poster. This was a perfect solution, because it solved two design dilemmas for the price of one. The committee was ever mindful of costs, knowing that without an infusion of funds, none of our projects would be implemented. The poster was funded by the generosity of John P. McGovern.

As planning progressed, we found that we would have not one, but two posters. The National Library of Medicine offered to create a poster for us. Although not designed as a pair, the posters make wonderful companion pieces. The NLM poster features a back view of the visible human, overlaying the fanned pages of a book that merge into a CD platter. The poster thus demonstrates the continuum of knowledge and wisdom from the age of printed books to electronic data. I thought it would be ironic if the man whose body was willed for the visible human project was named “George.” I checked; his name was Joseph Paul Jernigan, so if you are given to naming your posters, consider “Joe-Paul” for this one. (Sorry George, call us when you are ready to donate your body.)

Birthday greetings

All resolutions and birthday greetings that we received were printed in our commemorative Centennial Program. Headquarters orchestrated the collection of the congratulatory letters, with the very able assistance of the International Cooperation Section.

Three resolutions were received: one from the U.S. House of Representatives, one from NLM's Board of Regents, and one from the Special Libraries Association.

Letters were received from nine library associations and nineteen Corporate Sponsors. In addition, we received greetings from other important individuals and organizations, including the Librarian of Congress and the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations.

As I read the birthday greetings, I was struck by the themes that ran throughout the letters. The library associations praised MLA for being a role model. The following is a quote from the Union of Danish Librarians, “As a much younger—and smaller—organization we have always admired our ‘big sister’ and have been looking up to you as setting the golden standard for medical librarianship.”

I was pleased in reading the letters from Corporate Sponsors that a number made reference to our centennial theme, “Librarians: Your Health Information Connection,” in recognizing our members as a critical component in the information chain.

MLA also received birthday greetings from two well-known celebrities. The first was from Al Gore and was a videotaped message played during the opening session at the 1998 Annual Meeting. He congratulated MLA on the occasion of its centennial. Unfortunately, he did not make any startling announcements regarding the Internet or I am sure his remarks would have been etched in your memories!

My personal favorite birthday greeting came from a breathy Marilyn Monroe at our Fabulous '50s Party. Marilyn sang happy birthday to MLA in a style that she made famous at JFK's birthday party.

We all enjoyed the creativity of the birthday cards from MLA's chapters and sections. The prize for the largest card, actually a banner, went to the Hospital Libraries Section. The most unusual card had to have been the dog piñata from the Veterinary Medical Libraries Section. The party hat on the dog was an inspiration!

Centennial Moments

Everyone remembers our Centennial Moments. The five videotaped messages you saw at the 1998 Annual Meeting may have been our most popular event. The committee had some interesting discussions selecting the topics and speakers.

Fred Roper was the only choice to address certification, and it was a very apropos topic, because, as we learned, 1998 was the fiftieth anniversary of MLA's certification program. The first program, approved in 1948, passed by only one vote, and subsequent changes to the program have always provoked controversy.

Estelle Brodman addressed us on the topic of the Exchange and the association. Estelle has a distinction that no one else in our association has. She holds the longest continuous membership of any member. Her candor in discussing the Exchange was refreshing as she noted that some libraries were not as concerned about what they collected as they were in reaching the benchmark of 5,000 volumes. How times have changed both for collection development and for the Exchange.

To highlight dramatic changes in technology, we do not have to look back that many years. Robert Braude illustrated this point from his personal experience in being trained as a MEDLARS search analyst. MEDLARS, the Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System of the National Library of Medicine, predated online searching. Bob spent four months in training at NLM in 1965 to become a qualified MEDLARS search analyst. In those days, the turnaround time for processing punched cards at NLM from MEDLARS Search Centers was four to six weeks.

In her Centennial Moment, Frances Groen enlightened us on the careers and personalities of three of the individuals who founded MLA. Fran's description of two of the physician founders, Sir William Osler and George Milbry Gould, was fascinating, but most intriguing was the picture she painted of Margaret Ridley Charlton. Miss Charlton's dissatisfaction with the American Library Association may have been indirectly responsible for the founding of MLA.

Mark Hodges used his Centennial Moment to comment on meetings with the “mostest.” From a perspective of thirty years of attending annual meetings, Mark used his unique brand of wit to judge the most memorable, most urbane, and most exotic meetings. We learned about the best banquets and the best and worst hotels. Speakers were ranked in various categories, including most brilliant, most original, most antic, most disturbing, most quoted, and most famous.

One thing I know that I could not do is to say which of our Centennial Moments was the best; they were all excellent. Because of the positive response they received, we have continued them this year. A special thanks to this year's speakers: Lucretia McClure, Andy Rooney, Tenley Albright, and Michael DeBakey.


Given time to step back and reflect, it is usually possible to find something that you would have done differently. I am pleased to say that the number of things I would change is quite small. One thing I wish we had done is to provide a roster of centennial events at last year's annual meeting. There was so much happening that I am afraid some things may have been missed. The kickoff birthday party set the tone for a festive occasion thanks to the excellent planning efforts of Frieda Weise and her 1998 National Program Committee. How many of these events do you remember: sparkler wands, champagne toast, Mummers, birthday cards, birthday greetings from dignitaries of other associations, Mark Hodges' Centennial Moment, Ben Franklin, dancing, special effects, and fun, lots of fun!

Along with the fun, we used the centennial to promote ourselves and our expertise to those outside the profession. We were pleased when MLA was featured in an article in the Philadelphia Inquirer and in reports on the evening news. The public responded enthusiastically to the offer of our Philadelphia-based members for free reference searches. The centennial showed the way to greater visibility, and we should take full advantage of what we have learned.

None of our projects would have been possible without the efforts of a very important group of members. A special thanks is extended to Ada Seltzer and her fundraising team. Along with headquarters, they raised an astounding $84,000.

Studies have shown that our strongest memories are tied to events that evoke emotion. We all remember what we were doing when we heard that President Kennedy had been shot or that Challenger had blown up. I hope the centennial stirred within you some emotions that will cause you to remember one or more of our events. I hope you felt a deep sense of pride in the progress and accomplishments of our profession, and that you rejoiced in participating in the festivities. I hope you were energized by the challenges that we as a profession have overcome and that you feel a sense of power and renewal as we prepare to step into the next century.

That concludes my recap of the centennial but I have saved the best for last. I will now introduce you to my award winning committee: Rachael Anderson, Jacqueline Donaldson Doyle, Eloise Foster, Mark Funk, Frances Groen, Ruth Holst, Michael Homan, Sheldon Kotzin, Lucretia McClure, Judith Robinson, Mary Ryan, Ada Seltzer, Frieda Weise, and Carla Funk, representing headquarters.

At the conclusion of her remarks, Ms. Fulton presented Carla Funk with a crystal baccarat vase to be permanently displayed at MLA headquarters as a reminder of the respect and appreciation the members have for the services that Carla and the headquarters staff provide. Next, Ms. Fulton randomly drew a business card from among those previously collected to select a “time traveler” for the MLA time capsule. The card of Kay Dee, records librarian at the University of California, Los Angeles, was chosen.

President Weise returned to the podium to call on Tony McSeán, chair of the International Congress on Medical librarianship, who invited all to the congress next year in London. He asked Ms. Weise to draw for a prize for a registrant of the congress. The winner was Rick Fordham.

Ms. Weise then called on Brett Kirkpatrick, chair of the 2000 National Program Committee, to propose the following resolutions:

Whereas, the 1999 National Program Committee chaired by Mark Funk has gazed into the crystal ball and designed an outstanding program for the '99 meeting of the Medical Library Association; and

whereas, the Local Assistance Committee chaired by Logan Ludwig has provided guidance and support to the MLA membership at the '99 meeting of the Medical Library Association; and

whereas, the MLA headquarters staff and professional planners have worked tirelessly to facilitate planning of the '99 meeting of the Medical Library Association; and

whereas, the Centennial Coordinating Committee cochaired by June Fulton has provided us this past year with a wealth of special opportunities to reflect upon and treasure the distinguished history and fine accomplishments of the Medical Library Association,

therefore, be it resolved that the membership of the Medical Library Association extends its profound appreciation and deep-felt thanks to the 1999 National Program Committee, the Local Assistance Committee, the MLA headquarters staff and professional planners, and the Centennial Coordinating Committee for their exemplary efforts in preparing a superlative conclusion to MLA's Centennial Celebration.

The resolution was adopted by acclamation.

Next, Mr. Kirkpatrick; Liz Bayley, president-elect of the Canadian Health Libraries Association; and Jim Henderson, chair of the 2000 Local Assistance Committee, performed a brief skit and showed a short video to invite members to the next year's annual meeting in Vancouver.

President Weise called on Diane Schwartz, who moved for adjournment. The motion passed and the Ninety-ninth Annual Meeting of the Medical Library Association was declared adjourned.

An end-of-conference farewell party, called “Look to the Future—Crystal Ball,” was held Tuesday evening at the Crystal Garden of Navy Pier.


On Wednesday, May 19, the Continuing Education Committee, the Grants and Scholarships Committee, the Membership Committee, the MLANET Editorial Board, the Oral History Committee, and the Section Program Planners held early-morning meetings.

Plenary session II

Introduction: Rochelle Minchow, National Program Committee and Medical Center Library, University of California, Irvine.

Medical Libraries, Network Information, and the New Medical Informatics: Clifford Lynch, Coalition for Networked Information, Washington, DC.

After the morning program, the Board of the Medical Library Association held an organizational (open) meeting. The MLANET Editorial Board and the Hospital Libraries Section Executive Board also met.

In the afternoon, the Continuing Education Committee and the Section Council held meetings.


The Continuing Education Committee met throughout the day.

Articles from Bulletin of the Medical Library Association are provided here courtesy of Medical Library Association
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