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Biochem J. Jul 15, 1998; 333(Pt 2): 359–366.
PMCID: PMC1219593

Human mitochondrial phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase 2 gene. Structure, chromosomal localization and tissue-specific expression.


The mitochodrial (mt) phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase 2 (PCK2) gene was isolated by screening a human genomic library with a rat cytosolic (cy) PCK1 cDNA probe comprising sequences from exons 2-9 and by PCR amplification of human genomic DNA spanning consecutive exons with known primer pairs from mtPCK2 cDNA containing sequences from two putative neighbouring exons. The mtPCK2 gene spans approx. 10 kb and consists of ten exons and nine introns. All exon-intron junction sequences match the classical GT/AG rule. Northern blot analysis of poly(A)+ and total RNA from various tissues revealed one mRNA species of approx. 2.4 kb. The gene is expressed in a variety of human tissues, mainly in liver, kidney, pancreas, intestine and fibroblasts. In contrast with the cytosolic isoenzyme, the mitochondrial form might not have a purely gluconeogenic function. The mtPCK2 gene maps to chromosome 14q11.2-q12, in contrast with the cyPCK1 gene located on 20q13.2-q13.31.

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Selected References

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