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Genetics. Feb 1976; 82(2): 233–249.
PMCID: PMC1213454

Inhibition of Growth by Amber Suppressors in Yeast


Strains of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae that contain highly efficient amber (UAG) suppressors grow poorly on nutrient medium, while normal or nearly normal growth rates are observed when these strains lose the suppressors or when the suppressors are mutated to lower efficiencies. The different growth rates account for the accumulation of mutants with lowered efficiencies in cultures of strains with highly efficient amber suppressors. Genetic analyses indicate that one of the mutations with a lowered efficiency of suppression is caused by an intragenic mutation of the amber suppressor. The inhibition of growth caused by excessive suppression is expected to be exacerbated when appropriate suppressors are combined together in haploid cells if two suppressors act with a greater efficiency than a single suppressor. Such retardation of growth is observed with combinations of two UAA (ochre) suppressors (Gilmore 1967) and with combinations of two UAG suppressors when the efficiencies of each of the suppressors are within a critical range. In contrast, combinations of a UAA suppressor and a UAG suppressor do not affect growth rate. Apparently while either excessive UAA or excessive UAG suppression is deleterious to yeast, a moderate level of simultaneous UAA and UAG suppression is not.

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Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
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