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Genetics. May 1996; 143(1): 427–446.
PMCID: PMC1207275

Mitochondrial DNA Sequence Variation in the Eastern House Mouse, Mus Musculus: Comparison with Other House Mice and Report of a 75-Bp Tandem Repeat


The control region and flanking tRNAs were sequenced from 139 Mus musculus mitochondrial DNAs (mtDNAs) from mice collected at 44 localities extending from Germany to Japan. Among the 36 types of M. musculus mtDNA resolved, five have an added 75-bp direct repeat; the two copies within an individual differ by two to four base substitutions. Among 90 M. domesticus mtDNAs sequenced, 12 new types were found; 96 M. domesticus types have now been identified by sequencing this segment. Representative mtDNAs from M. castaneus, M. macedonicus, M. spicilegus and M. spretus were also sequenced. A parsimony tree for the M. musculus mtDNAs is about half as deep as the tree for the M. domesticus mtDNAs, which is consistent with the idea that M. musculus is genetically less diverse and younger than M. domesticus. The patterns of variation as a function of position are similar but not identical in M. musculus and M. domesticus mtDNAs. M. castaneus and M. musculus mtDNAs are allied, at a tree depth about three times as great as the start of intra-M. musculus divergence. The coalescence of the M. musculus and M. castaneus mtDNAs is about half as deep as their coalescence with the M. domesticus mtDNA lineages. The mtDNAs of the aboriginal M. macedonicus and M. spicilegus are each other's closest relatives, at a tree depth greater than the deepest intracommensal node. The mtDNA results support the view that the aboriginal M. spretus is the sister group of the other five species.

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Selected References

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