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Genetics. Mar 1996; 142(3): 987–1000.
PMCID: PMC1207035

RFLP Mapping in Cultivated Sugarcane (Saccharum Spp.): Genome Organization in a Highly Polyploid and Aneuploid Interspecific Hybrid

Abstract

Sugarcane cultivars are polyploid, aneuploid, interspecific hybrids between the domesticated species Saccharum officinarum and the wild relative S. spontaneum. Cultivar chromosome numbers range from 100 to 130 with ~10% contributed by S. spontaneum. We have undertaken a mapping study on the progeny of a selfed cultivar, R570, to analyze this complex genome structure. A set of 128 restriction fragment length polymorphism probes and one isozyme was used. Four hundred and eight markers were placed onto 96 cosegregation groups, based on linkages in coupling only. These groups could tentatively be assembled into 10 basic linkage groups on the basis of common probes. Origin of markers was investigated for 61 probes and the isozyme, leading to the identification of 80 S. officinarum and 66 S. spontaneum derived markers, respectively. Their distribution in cosegregation groups showed better map coverage for the S. spontaneum than for the S. officinarum genome fraction and occasional recombination between the two genomes. The study of repulsions between markers suggested the prevalence of random pairing between chromosomes, typical of autopolyploids. However, cases of preferential pairing between S. spontaneum chromosomes were also detected. A tentative Saccharum map was constructed by pooling linkage information for each linkage group.

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Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
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