• We are sorry, but NCBI web applications do not support your browser and may not function properly. More information
Logo of embojLink to Publisher's site
EMBO J. Oct 15, 1999; 18(20): 5691–5702.
PMCID: PMC1171636

Mammalian homologues of the plant Tousled gene code for cell-cycle-regulated kinases with maximal activities linked to ongoing DNA replication.

Abstract

The Tousled (TSL) gene of the plant Arabidopsis thaliana encodes a serine/threonine kinase that is essential for proper flower development. Here we report the cloning and characterization of two human putative homologues of the Arabidopsis TSL gene, termed TLK1 and TLK2 (Tousled-like kinase). At the protein level, the two human Tlks share 84% sequence similarity with each other and almost 50% with Arabidopsis Tsl. Furthermore, nuclear localization signals and predicted coiled-coil regions are conserved in the N-terminal domains of all three kinases. The mammalian Tlks share several functional properties with plant Tsl, including a broad expression, a propensity to dimerize and autophosphorylate, and a preference for similar substrates. Most interestingly, human Tlks are cell-cycle-regulated enzymes, displaying maximal activities during S phase. Whereas protein levels are virtually constant throughout the cell cycle, both Tlks appear to be regulated by cell-cycle-dependent phosphorylation. Drug-induced inhibition of DNA replication causes a rapid loss of Tlk activity, indicating that Tlk function is tightly linked to ongoing DNA replication. These findings provide the first biochemical clues as to the possible molecular functions of Tlks, a highly conserved family of kinases implicated in the development of multicellular organisms.

Full Text

The Full Text of this article is available as a PDF (595K).

Articles from The EMBO Journal are provided here courtesy of The European Molecular Biology Organization

Formats:

Related citations in PubMed

See reviews...See all...

Cited by other articles in PMC

See all...

Links

  • Gene
    Gene
    Gene links
  • Gene (nucleotide)
    Gene (nucleotide)
    Records in Gene identified from shared sequence links
  • GEO Profiles
    GEO Profiles
    Related GEO records
  • HomoloGene
    HomoloGene
    HomoloGene links
  • MedGen
    MedGen
    Related information in MedGen
  • Nucleotide
    Nucleotide
    Published Nucleotide sequences
  • OMIM
    OMIM
    OMIM record citing PubMed
  • Pathways + GO
    Pathways + GO
    Pathways, annotations and biological systems (BioSystems) that cite the current article.
  • Protein
    Protein
    Published protein sequences
  • PubMed
    PubMed
    PubMed citations for these articles
  • Taxonomy
    Taxonomy
    Related taxonomy entry
  • Taxonomy Tree
    Taxonomy Tree

Recent Activity

Your browsing activity is empty.

Activity recording is turned off.

Turn recording back on

See more...