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EMBO J. Oct 15, 1999; 18(20): 5463–5475.
PMCID: PMC1171615

The structure of the 2A proteinase from a common cold virus: a proteinase responsible for the shut-off of host-cell protein synthesis.

Abstract

The crystal structure of the 2A proteinase from human rhinovirus serotype 2 (HRV2-2A(pro)) has been solved to 1.95 A resolution. The structure has an unusual, although chymotrypsin-related, fold comprising a unique four-stranded beta sheet as the N-terminal domain and a six-stranded beta barrel as the C-terminal domain. A tightly bound zinc ion, essential for the stability of HRV2-2A(pro), is tetrahedrally coordinated by three cysteine sulfurs and one histidine nitrogen. The active site consists of a catalytic triad formed by His18, Asp35 and Cys106. Asp35 is additionally involved in an extensive hydrogen-bonding network. Modelling studies reveal a substrate-induced fit that explains the specificity of the subsites S4, S2, S1 and S1'. The structure of HRV2-2A(pro) suggests the mechanism of the cis cleavage and its release from the polyprotein.

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