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Biochem J. Jun 15, 1979; 180(3): 533–544.
PMCID: PMC1161091

The effects of calcium ions and adenine nucleotides on the activity of pig heart 2-oxoglutarate dehydrogenase complex.


1. The effects of Ca2+ (mainly by using EGTA buffers), pH, ATP and ADP on the activity of the 2-oxoglutarate dehydrogenase complex from pig heart were explored. 2. Ca2+ (about 30 micrometer) resulted in a decrease in the apparent Km for 2-oxoglutarate from 2.1 to 0.16 mM (at pH 7) without altering the maximal velocity. At 0.1 mM-oxoglutarate there was a 4--5-fold activation by Ca2+, with an apparent Km for Ca2+ of 1.2 micrometer. A similar activation was also observed with Sr2+ (Km 15.1 micrometer), but not wised markedly from pH 7.4 TO 6.6. The effects of Ca2+ remained evident over this pH range. 4. In the presence of Mg2+, ATP resulted in a marked increase in the apparent Km for oxoglutarate, whereas ADP greatly decreased thisp arameter. The concentrations of adenine nucleotide required for half-maximal effects were about 10 micrometer in each case. 5. The effects of the adenine nucleotides and Ca2+ on the apparent Km for oxoglutarate appeared to be essentially independent of each other, reversible, and demonstrable in the presence of end product inhibition by NADH and obtained. 6. Effects similar to those described above were also observed on the activity of 2-oxoglutarate dehydrogenase from rat heart and brown adipose tissue. 7. We discuss the mechanisms controlling this enzyme's activity and compare these regulatory features with those of NAD-isocitrate dehydrogenase and the pyruvate dehydrogenase system, which are also sensitive to Ca2+ and adenine nucleotides.

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