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Biochem J. 1983 Apr 1; 211(1): 191–198.
PMCID: PMC1154343

Synthesis of hyaluronate in differentiated teratocarcinoma cells. Mechanism of chain growth.

Abstract

Hyaluronate could be labelled in vivo with [32P]phosphate. [32P]UDP in an alpha-glycosidic linkage constituted the reducing end of membrane-bound hyaluronate. The UDP is liberated during further chain elongation, indicating that chain growth occurs at the reducing end. [3H]Uridine could be incorporated into hyaluronate during synthesis on the isolated membraneous fraction from [3H]UDP-GlcNAc and [3H]UDP-GlcA, confirming the identification of UDP as a constituent of membrane-bound hyaluronate. These results led to a model of hyaluronate chain elongation at the reducing end by alternate addition of the chains to the substrates. Membrane-bound pyrophosphatases or 5'-nucleotidase are suggested as modulators of hyaluronate synthesis.

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Selected References

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