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Biochem J. Jun 1, 1986; 236(2): 579–584.
PMCID: PMC1146878

Substrate specificity and regulation of the maize (Zea mays) leaf ADP: protein phosphotransferase catalysing phosphorylation/inactivation of pyruvate, orthophosphate dikinase.


The protein substrate specificity of the maize (Zea mays) leaf ADP: protein phosphotransferase (regulatory protein, RP) was studied in terms of its relative ability to inactivate/phosphorylate pyruvate, orthophosphate dikinase from Zea mays and the non-sulphur purple photosynthetic bacterium Rhodospirillum rubrum. The dimeric bacterial dikinase was inactivated by the maize leaf RP via phosphorylation, with a stoichiometry of approximately 1 mol of phosphate incorporated/mol of 92.7-kDa protomer. Inactivation required both ADP and ATP, with ADP being the specific donor for regulatory phosphorylation. The requirements for inactivation/phosphorylation in this heterologous system were identical with those previously established for the tetrameric maize leaf dikinase. The ADP-dependent maize leaf RP did not phosphorylate alternative protein substrates such as casein or phosvitin, and its activity was not affected by cyclic nucleotides, Ca2+ or calmodulin. The regulation of the maize leaf ADP: protein phosphotransferase was studied in terms of changes in adenylate energy charge and pyruvate concentration. The change in adenylate energy charge necessary to substantially inhibit phosphorylation of maize leaf dikinase was not suggestive of it being a physiological modulator of phosphotransferase activity. Pyruvate was a potent competitive inhibitor of regulatory phosphorylation (Ki = 80 microM), consistent with its interaction with the catalytic phosphorylated intermediate of dikinase, the true protein substrate for ADP-dependent phosphorylation/inactivation.

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Selected References

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