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Biochem J. Jun 15, 1994; 300(Pt 3): 619–622.
PMCID: PMC1138211

The localization of phospholipase A2 in the secretory granule.


A heat-resistant phospholipase A2 has been detected in the secretory granules of the mast cell [Chock, Rhee, Tang and Schmauder-Chock (1991) Eur. J. Biochem. 195, 707-713]. By using ultrastructural immunocytochemical techniques, we have now localized this enzyme to the matrix of the secretory granule. Like the cyclo-oxygenase [Schmauder-Chock and Chock (1989) J. Histochem. Cytochem. 37, 1319-1328], this enzyme also adheres tightly to the ribbon-like granule matrix components. The results from Western-blot analysis suggest that it has a molecular mass of about 14 kDa. The localization of the phospholipase A2, the presence of a phospholipid store with millimolar concentrations of calcium and the localization of the enzymes of the arachidonic acid cascade make the secretory granule a natural site for lipid-mediator synthesis. The packaging of phospholipase A2, together with its substrate and the components of the arachidonic acid cascade, in the secretory granule represents a physical arrangement by which the initiation of the cascade and the release of mediators can be directly linked to the stimulation of cell-surface receptors.

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Selected References

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