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Biochem J. 1990 Feb 15; 266(1): 235–243.
PMCID: PMC1131120

Histamine-H1-receptor-mediated phosphoinositide hydrolysis, Ca2+ signalling and membrane-potential oscillations in human HeLa carcinoma cells.


In human HeLa carcinoma cells, histamine causes a dose-dependent formation of inositol phosphates, production of diacylglycerol and a transient rise in intracellular [Ca2+]. These responses are completely blocked by the H1-receptor antagonist pyrilamine. In streptolysin-O-permeabilized cells, formation of inositol phosphates by histamine is strongly potentiated by guanosine 5'-[gamma-thio]triphosphate and inhibited by guanosine 5'-[beta-thio]diphosphate, suggesting the involvement of a GTP-binding protein. Histamine stimulates the rapid but transient formation of Ins(1,4,5)P3, Ins(1,3,4)P3 and InsP4. InsP accumulates in a much more persistent manner, lasting for at least 30 min. Studies with streptolysin-O-permeabilized cells indicate that InsP accumulation results from dephosphorylation of Ins(1,4,5)P3, rather than direct hydrolysis of PtdIns. The rise in intracellular [Ca2+] is biphasic, with a very fast release of Ca2+ from intracellular stores, that parallels the Ins(1,4,5)P3 time course, followed by a more prolonged phase of Ca2+ influx. In individual cells, histamine causes a rapid initial hyperpolarization of the plasma membrane, which can be mimicked by microinjected Ins(1,4,5)P3. Histamine-induced hyperpolarization is followed by long-lasting oscillations in membrane potential, apparently owing to periodic activation of Ca2+-dependent K+ channels. These membrane-potential oscillations can be mimicked by microinjection of guanosine 5'-[gamma-thio]triphosphate, but are not observed after microinjection of Ins(1,4,5)P3. We conclude that H1-receptors in HeLa cells activate a PtdInsP2-specific phospholipase C through participation of a specific G-protein, resulting in long-lasting oscillations of cytoplasmic free Ca2+.

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Selected References

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