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Plant Physiol. Nov 1991; 97(3): 1241–1248.
PMCID: PMC1081148

Hydrolysis of Polyphosphates and Permeability Changes in Response to Osmotic Shocks in Cells of the Halotolerant Alga Dunaliella

Abstract

The effects of osmotic shocks on polyphosphates and on the vacuolar fluorescent indicator atebrin have been investigated to test whether acidic vacuoles in the halotolerant alga Dunaliella salina have a role in osmoregulation. Upshocks and downshocks induce different patterns of polyphosphate hydrolysis. Upshocks induce rapid formation of new components, tentatively identified as 5 or 6 linear polyphosphates, formed only after upshocks with NaCl and not with glycerol, indicative of compartmentation of Na+ into the vacuoles. Conversely, downshocks induce a slower transient accumulation of tripolyphosphates, indicating activation of a different hydrolytic process within the vacuoles. Osmotic shocks do not lead to release of atebrin from acidic vacuoles, indicating that they do not induce a major intravacuolar alkalinization. However, osmotic shocks induce transient permeability changes measured by amine-induced atebrin release from vacuoles. Hypoosmotic shocks transiently increase the permeability (up to 20-fold), whereas hyperosmotic shocks induce a rapid drop in permeability. Electron micrographs of osmotically shocked cells also reveal transient changes in the surface and internal organelles of D. salina cells. It is suggested that hyperosmotic and hypoosmotic shocks induce different changes within acidic vacuoles and in the organization and/or composition of the plasma membrane in Dunaliella.

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