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Plant Physiol. Nov 1991; 97(3): 880–885.
PMCID: PMC1081099

Accumulation of Scoparone in Heat-Treated Lemon Fruit Inoculated with Penicillium digitatum Sacc. 1

Abstract

Phytoalexin scoparone (6,7-dimethoxycoumarin) generally was not detected in noninoculated lemon fruit (Citrus limon [L.] Burm., cv Eureka) but accumulated in fruit after inoculation with Penicillium digitatum Sacc. A much greater increase in the amount of scoparone was found in fruit exhibiting an incompatible response to Penicillium after heat treatment at 36°C for 3 days. Heat treatment prevented development of decay in the inoculated fruit. The concentration of the compound after inoculation continued to increase during and after the heat treatment period, reaching 178 micrograms per gram fresh weight of the flavedo 6 days after the heat treatment. Changes in scoparone concentration in fruit were closely correlated with the changes in the antifungal activity of the fruit extract. A low concentration of the phytoalexin was detected in fruit injured mechanically. Scoparone also accumulated in the fruit following ultraviolet illumination; the concentration of the compound was dose-dependent. Median effective dose values of the inhibition of germ tube elongation and spore germination of P. digitatum were 29 and 46 micrograms per milliliter, respectively. Our findings suggest that the rapid increase in scoparone concentration plays an important role in the increased resistance of heat-treated lemon fruit to infection by P. digitatum.

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  • Hadwiger LA, Schwochau ME. Ultraviolet Light-induced Formation of Pisatin and Phenylalanine Ammonia Lyase. Plant Physiol. 1971 Apr;47(4):588–590. [PMC free article] [PubMed]

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