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Plant Physiol. Nov 1990; 94(3): 1225–1232.
PMCID: PMC1077366

Characteristics of a Membrane-Associated Lipoxygenase in Tomato Fruit 1

Abstract

Microsomal membranes isolated from the pericarp of maturegreen tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) fruit rapidly metabolize exogenous radiolabeled linoleic acid into fatty acid oxidation products at 22°C. The reaction is strongly inhibited by n-propyl gallate, an inhibitor of lipoxygenase. The membranes also rapidly metabolize 16:0/18:2* phosphatidylcholine into radiolabeled oxidation products that comigrate on TLC plates with those formed from free linoleic acid. At 30°C, the formation of fatty acid oxidation products from 16:0/18:2* phosphatidylcholine is slower, and there is an initial accumulation of radiolabeled linoleic acid that is not evident at 22°C, which can be attributed to the action of lipolytic acyl hydrolase. Radiolabeled phosphatidic acid and diacylglycerol are also formed during metabolism of 16:0/18:2* phosphatidylcholine by the microsomal membranes, and there is no breakdown of either linoleic acid or phosphatidylcholine by heat-denatured membranes. When Triton X-100 treated membranes were used, the same patterns of metabolite formation from radiolabeled linoleic acid and 16:0/18:2* phosphatidylcholine were observed. Thus, the enzymes mediating the breakdown of these radiolabeled compounds appear to be tightly associated with the membranes. Collectively, the data indicate that there is a lipoxygenase associated with microsomal membranes from tomato fruit that utilizes free fatty acid substrate released from phospholipids. The microsomal lipoxygenase is strongly active over a pH range of 4.5 to 8.0, comprises approximately 38% of the total (microsomal plus soluble) lipoxygenase activity in the tissue, has an apparent Km of 0.52 millimolar and an apparent Vmax of 0.186 millimoles per minute per milligram of protein. The membranous enzyme also cross-reacts with polyclonal antibodies raised against soybean lipoxygenase-1 and has an apparent molecular mass of 100 kilodaltons.

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Selected References

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