• We are sorry, but NCBI web applications do not support your browser and may not function properly. More information
Logo of injprevInjury PreventionVisit this articleVisit this journalSubmit a manuscriptReceive email alertsContact usBMJ
Inj Prev. Mar 1996; 2(1): 32–35.
PMCID: PMC1067637

Effects of North Carolina's mandatory safety belt law on children.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of the North Carolina law mandating that all front seat passengers use a safety belt on children 4 through 15 years of age. METHODS: North Carolina collision reports, completed by local police or the state highway patrol for crashes with greater than $500 worth of damage, were analyzed using time series analysis on the monthly percentage of deaths and serious injuries between January of 1980 and February of 1994. RESULTS: Following the 1985 implementation of the law, children 4 to 15 years of age experienced a 42% decline in deaths and serious injuries. CONCLUSIONS: The mandatory safety belt law in North Carolina has been associated with a decline in deaths and serious injuries. Additional research in needed to assess the seat belt behaviors of this age group as well as the specific effects of seat belt use using outcome measures more precise than those available in police crash reports.

Full text

Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. Get a printable copy (PDF file) of the complete article (792K), or click on a page image below to browse page by page. Links to PubMed are also available for Selected References.

Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Margolis LH, Wagenaar AC, Liu W. The effects of a mandatory child restraint law on injuries requiring hospitalization. Am J Dis Child. 1988 Oct;142(10):1099–1103. [PubMed]
  • Wagenaar AC, Webster DW. Preventing injuries to children through compulsory automobile safety seat use. Pediatrics. 1986 Oct;78(4):662–672. [PubMed]
  • Chorba TL, Reinfurt D, Hulka BS. Efficacy of mandatory seat-belt use legislation. The North Carolina experience from 1983 through 1987. JAMA. 1988 Dec 23;260(24):3593–3597. [PubMed]
  • Barancik JI, Chatterjee BF, Greene-Cradden YC, Michenzi EM, Kramer CF, Thode HC, Jr, Fife D. Motor vehicle trauma in northeastern Ohio. I: Incidence and outcome by age, sex, and road-use category. Am J Epidemiol. 1986 May;123(5):846–861. [PubMed]
  • Agran PF, Dunkle DE, Winn DG. Injuries to a sample of seatbelted children evaluated and treated in a hospital emergency room. J Trauma. 1987 Jan;27(1):58–64. [PubMed]
  • Osberg JS, Di Scala C. Morbidity among pediatric motor vehicle crash victims: the effectiveness of seat belts. Am J Public Health. 1992 Mar;82(3):422–425. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Margolis LH, Kotch J, Lacey JH. Children in alcohol-related motor vehicle crashes. Pediatrics. 1986 Jun;77(6):870–872. [PubMed]
  • Margolis LH, Wagenaar AC, Molnar LJ. Use and misuse of automobile child restraint devices. Am J Dis Child. 1992 Mar;146(3):361–366. [PubMed]
  • Margolis LH, Runyan CW. Accidental policy: an analysis of the problem of unintended injuries of childhood. Am J Orthopsychiatry. 1983 Oct;53(4):629–644. [PubMed]

Articles from Injury Prevention are provided here courtesy of BMJ Group

Formats:

Related citations in PubMed

See reviews...See all...

Cited by other articles in PMC

See all...

Links

  • Cited in Books
    Cited in Books
    PubMed Central articles cited in books
  • PubMed
    PubMed
    PubMed citations for these articles

Recent Activity

Your browsing activity is empty.

Activity recording is turned off.

Turn recording back on

See more...