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Plant Physiol. Mar 1985; 77(3): 608–611.
PMCID: PMC1064572

Stabilization of Pyruvate, Pi Dikinase Regulatory Protein in Maize Leaf Extracts 1


The objective of this study was to determine the biochemical basis for genetic variability in pyruvate,Pi dikinase (PPDK) activity among inbred lines of maize (Zea mays L.). Although in vitro PPDK activity varied more than 5-fold among eight maize inbreds, immunochemical determinations of the proportion of leaf soluble protein as PPDK revealed no significant differences among the inbreds. Genetic differences in the stability of PPDK activity in crude homogenates over 5 hours were not evident, but PPDK from some inbreds could not be activated in vitro. In vitro PPDK activation in crude homogenates could be restored by addition of casein (1% w/v) to homogenization media, and to a lesser extent, by gentle homogenization in a mortar. The major effect of casein appeared to be on processes other than proteolysis, as casein exerted its effects during tissue homogenization, rather than later. During homogenization, PPDK did not lose its ability to undergo in vitro activation; instead, it was instability of the regulatory protein responsible for PPDK activation that was the cause of the lack of PPDK activation in homogenates prepared without casein.

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Selected References

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