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Plant Physiol. Nov 1984; 76(3): 658–663.
PMCID: PMC1064351

Nitrogen Metabolism of the Marine Microalga Chlorella autotrophica1

Abstract

The levels of glutamine synthetase (GS) and glutamate dehydrogenase (GDH) in Chlorella autotrophica (clone 580) are strongly regulated by the nitrogen source and salt concentration of the medium. GS is present at high levels in NO3-grown cells, and at maximum levels in nitrogen-starved cells. However, the levels of GS in these cells are somewhat decreased by increasing salinity. Cells growing on NH4+ have high NADPH-GDH activity, the levels of which increase with increasing NH4+ supply, while GS decreases to a very low level under these conditions. Salinity intensifies the induction of NADPH-GDH activity in NH4+-grown cells. The levels of NADH-GDH are low in this alga, but present under all growth conditions. Methionine sulfoximine (MSX) has little effect on growth and nitrogen assimilation of the alga in the presence of NH4+.

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Selected References

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  • Talley DJ, White LH, Schmidt RR. Evidence for NADH- and NADPH-specific isozymes of glutamate dehydrogenase and the continuous inducibility of the NADPH-specific isozyme throughout the cell cycle of the eucaryote Chlorella. J Biol Chem. 1972 Dec 25;247(24):7927–7935. [PubMed]

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