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Plant Physiol. May 1990; 93(1): 33–39.
PMCID: PMC1062463

Correlation of Xylem Sap Cytokinin Levels with Monocarpic Senescence in Soybean 1

Abstract

Cytokinins (CKs) coming from the roots via the xylem are known to delay leaf senescence, and their decline may be important in the senescence of soybean (Glycine max) plants during pod development (monocarpic senescence). Therefore, using radioimmunoassay of highly purified CKs, we quantified the zeatin (Z), zeatin riboside (ZR), the dihydro derivatives (DZ, DZR), the O-glucosides, and DZ nucleotide in xylem sap collected from root stocks under pressure at various stages of pod development. Z, ZR, DZ, and DZR dropped sharply during early pod development to levels below those expected to retard senescence. Pod removal at full extension, which delayed leaf senescence, caused an increase in xylem sap CKs (particularly ZR and DZR), while depodding at late podfill, which did not delay senescence, likewise did not increase the CK levels greatly. The levels of the O-glucosides and the DZ nucleotide were relatively low, and they showed less change with senescence or depodding. The differences in the responses of individual CKs to senescence and depodding suggest differences in their metabolism. Judging from their activity, concentrations and response to depodding, DZR and ZR may be the most important senescence retardants in soybean xylem sap. These data also suggest that the pods can depress CK production by the roots at an early stage and this decrease in CK production is required for monocarpic senescence in soybean.

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Selected References

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